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Color Theory Intro Art 1

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by

Christine Gerace

on 21 November 2016

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Transcript of Color Theory Intro Art 1

Color
The Color Wheel
Primary Colors
Secondary Colors
Secondary colors are made by mixing
equal
parts of two
primary colors.
=
=
=
+
+
+
Tertiary Colors
Tertiary colors are made by mixing unequal amounts of a
primary
and a
secondary
color.
+
+
=
=
=
Complementary colors
Complementary colors, when placed next to each other, bring out the
brightness
in each other- increase their intensity.
Mixing two complements together will reduce their
intensity
!
Color Schemes
Triadic
Primary
triadic color
scheme
Secondary triadic color scheme
Tertiary triad
Complementary Color Schemes
are
opposites
used together.
Split-Complementary Color Scheme
Blue
Yellow-orange
Red-orange
To create a split-complementary color scheme, choose a color, find it's
complement
, and use the colors to
either side
of the complement.
Red-violet
Green
Red-orange
Analogous
To create an analogous color scheme,
choose a color and then select the
colors to either side of it.

Analogous color schemes are very
harmonious.
Yellow
Yellow-green
Yellow-orange
Red
Red-orange
Red-violet
Intensity
The more a color's complement is added to it, the more
dull it becomes
.
Tints
A tint is
white
added to a color. A tint of a color is any color that is
lighter
than the original.
Shades
A shade is
black
added to a color. Shades are any color that is
darker
than the original.
Value
Value- the
darkness
or
lightness
of a color,
surface,
or
area
.
+
Different color schemes produce different
effects.
Monochromatic
A monochromatic scheme uses different
shades
and
tints
of the same hue.
Mono -
one
Chroma -
color
Warm colors
Warm colors take up
half
of the color wheel.
Warm colors are
vivid
and
energetic.
Warm colors tend to
advance
into space.
Cool colors
Cool colors take up
half
of the color wheel.

Cool colors are
calm
and
soothing.

Cool colors tend to
recede
into space

Neutrals
Color is what?
Color is an element of art that is
derived from the
spectrum of light.

Colors have three main properties:
hue, intensity, and value.
Hue-
a color
Ex. A red hue.
the
purity
or
strength
of a color;

its
brightness
or
dullness
INTENSITY
VALUE
Value- the lightness or darkness
of a color, surface, or area
Yellow
Red
Blue
Violet
Green
Orange
Blue-green
Red-violet
Yellow-orange
Blue-violet
Red-orange
Yellow-green
Complementary Colors are colors that are
opposite each other
on the color wheel.
analogous
color scheme
Analogous colors are
colors that are
next to each other
on the color wheel.
Yellow
Orange
Red
Green
Blue
Violet
A triadic color scheme has 3
colors
equal distances apart
on the color wheel.
A split complementary color scheme includes a color and the two colors on each side of
its complement
(opposite)
Gray
Black
Browns
White
When an artist creates a piece of art, they take into account the
color scheme
they will use.
What is the main color scheme is used here?
The answer would be triadic, or more specifically SECONDARY TRIADIC
What is this called?
also:
What color scheme would you say this painting has? What are the main colors used?
Red-orange

Blue

Green
Yellow-orange

Violet

Blue
Yellow

BV

RV
what color schemes could you apply to this painting? What are the main colors used?
Which triadic color scheme do you see?
What color scheme would you apply to this painting?
Complementary
Color Scheme
From now on,
consider your color selection each time you create a work of art.
Additive
involves light
adding the colors from
all 3 primary colors gets white
Used with monitors and projectors
Subtractive
gets colors from subtracting
(absorbing) wavelengths of light
and reflecting others
mixing the primary colors gets black
Used in printing and paints
Achromatic?
Cold, impersonal, comforting
nutureing
Oranges-energy, warmth, happiness, joy, sunshine
Reds- love, heat, passion, hunger, fire, blood, danger, confidence
Greens-growth, health, environment, harmony, financial wealth, healing, safety
Blues-strong, important, peaceful, intellegent, sky,sea,trust, loyalty, wisdom
Black and white are not really colors therefore they represent achromatic contrast
Complementary colors
create
high
contrast.
vibrant
high contrast draws max attention
harder to balance
for best result place warm and cool colors next to each to other
yellows-sun,joy,happiness,warming,cheerful,
stimulates mental activity.
violets- royalty,wealth,energy,nobility,luxury,
ambition,dignity,wisdom,independence,
creativity,mystery,magic,feminine.
Color Blindness
Also known as color deficiency, color blindness is caused when one or more of the cones fail. It's usually genetic and does not change over time, but can also be caused by aging, eye problems such as glaucoma and cataracts, injury, and side effects of some medicines. It's much more common for men to have some form of color blindness than for women (1 out of 225 women have it, and 1 out of 12 men).
All other colors are made from primary colors.
Primary colors cannot be made by
mixing other colors together.
Example of primary:
Example of secondary
Example:
Example:
For example: What is a tint of red usually called?
Yellow
Violet
Who first identified
the color spectrum?
This is green for today.
The colors do not always
project clearly.
Theory
The modern color wheel is based on one diagrammed by
Newton
in the
17th century
.
During his light experiments, Newton used a
prism
to break sunlight into a color spectrum.
High intensity hues are vivid and least mixed.
(so another color has not been added or been added very little)
A
tone
is produced by the mixture of a color with gray, both tinting and shading the color.


We will learn more about tones when we do paintings in the future.


Gray
Blue
Yellow
Red
Orange
Violet
Green
A value scale
COLOR SCIENCE
One analogous color scheme!
What does it mean to have a high contrast?
END DAY ONE OF COLOR INTRO
COLOR REVIEW QUIZ
Name:
11/17 Quiz
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
1) Violets, greens, and oranges
1) green, red-orange, red-violet
2) values of violet
3) orange, red-orange, yellow-orange
5) values of just blue
9) Blue, blue-green, green.
Warm colors advance! They pop forward in this scene.
What is
Without color
COLOR SCHEME REVIEW OPEN NOTE QUIZ

Tomorrow I will show you some pictures.
You must identify what color scheme is displayed in the image.

You may use your notes.
Here is an example...
What is the main color scheme is used here?
Violets, greens, and oranges
The main colors are red and green.
4) red, yellow, and blue
6) blue, red-orange and yellow-orange
9) red and green
7) yellow-green, yellow, yellow-orange, orange
Extra images if you wanted to add to the quiz
For example: What is a shade of red usually called?
Sir Issac Newton
A good example of how primary colors make all other colors are printers.
Printers only have red, blue, and yellow cartridges to make all other colors.
just blues
blues, blue-greens
just violets
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
8) Reds and Greens
10) Reds, Oranges, Yellows
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