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Jim Crow Laws
Transcript of Jim Crow Laws
What is Jim Crow? Where did the name of these laws originate?
The Jim Crow laws were state and local level segregation laws that kept blacks from reaching a status equal with whites. These laws allowed for people to continue the racism and poor treatment of African Americans. The laws were in effect in many states; 35 in total. Jim Crow was once an offensive term used towards blacks, but by the end of the 19th century was coined the name of segregation laws. This presentation will give you a more in depth look at the laws and their effects on society in the 1950s.
In New Mexico, separate rooms are required.
In Texas, separate schools are required.
"Books shall not be interchangeable between the white and colored schools, but shall continue to be used by the race first using them."
"The board of control shall see the proper and distinct apartments are arranged for said patients (and mental hospital) so that in no cases shall negros and white persons be together." Georgia
"No person or corporation shall require any white female nurses to nurse in wards or rooms in hospitals, either public or private, in which negro men are placed." Alabama
Many negros went without proper care due to the refusal of nurses. It was also difficult to find nurses willing to assist blacks due to the fact that there were essentially no black nurses.
The state librarian is directed to fit up and maintain a seperate place for the use of the colored people who may come to the library for the purpose of reading books for periodicals.
Marriage between the races.
"All marriages between a white person and a negro or between a white person and a person on negro decent to the 4th generation inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited." Florida
The battle for interracial marriage legality is similar to the battle being fought today for gay marriage legalization.
Jim Crow & Public Libraries
Jim Crow Laws and The Circus
All circuses, shows and tent exhibitions to which the attendance of more than one race is invited or expected to attend shall provide for the convenience of its patrons, not less than two ticket offices with individual sellers and not less than two entrances to the said performance with individual tickets and receivers, and in the case of outside or tent performances, the said ticket offices shall not be less than 25 feet apart. Louisiana
Segregation in Health Care Facilities
FUN FACT! It was believed that negros were going ''crazy" because they were given too much freedom.
At the end of each law, we will list the name of the state from which the law came.
Suppression of African Americans
The 15th Amendment allowed African Americans to not only obtain their freedom,
but also their right to vote. Ultimately this did not sit well with people, and unfair guidelines were created to keep blacks from voting.
To vote people had to be able to pass a simple literary test, but most blacks had never received an education and therefore could not pass the test.
To vote people had to pay a poll tax, and not surprisingly many blacks could not afford the taxation.
The Jim Crow Laws suppressed African Americans by degrading them and lowering their self-worth. The laws allowed for the poor treatment of African Americans without consequence, and ultimately forced their race into submission. These laws remained in effect until 1965
Important Supreme Court Cases
In the Plessy Vs. Ferguson trial in 1896, a black male by the name of Homer Plessy boarded a white only train car in Louisiana because the black car was full. He was removed and jailed, which he thought broke the 13th and 14th amendments which granted him both freedom and citizenship. The case was shot down in the supreme court by a ruling of 8-1. The supreme court did not believe equal rights made mixing races acceptable. This court case was only the beginning of over 30 years worth of fighting for equality.
Barber Shop Racism
"No colored barber shall server as a barber to white women or girls" Georgia
When applying for the army, white and black men were registered and trained separately. Black men had few rights and little freedom, but yet we allowed them to serve out country.
Even common facilities provided to the general public became segregated.
Restrooms were labeled White or Colored
Drinking fountains were also labeled similarly
Brief Facts on Life During the Jim Crow Laws
"Reckless Eyeballing", maintaining eye contact with a white person for too long, resulted in brutal beatings and even deaths.
White facilities were better built and maintained almost always.
"Separate but equal" was a phrase tossed around pathetically; the lack of equality was often overlooked.
, adapted from the novel by Kathryn Stockett, rang with much truth to many adults who had grown up during the time of segregation. The film is about a young woman who decides to write her first novel based on the lives of the colored help in her home town of Jackson, Mississippi. A review of the film on blogspot.com by Joanna Young touched on her memories of growing up in the segregated south. She wrote,
"I clearly remember "Colored" and "White" signs on bathroom doors, over water fountains, and in train/bus waiting rooms. In the small Florida town where I lived, the city closed the one public pool rather than allow anyone who was not White to swim there. Public restaurants were open only to Whites. The phone book had separate listings for "Colored" and "White" taxis. We had one movie theater in town. The balcony was reserved for "Coloreds" and Whites sat downstairs on the main floor. The only work available for nonwhites was for women to serve as a maid and manual labor for men."