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Yin/Yang Comparison with Nietzsche
Transcript of Yin/Yang Comparison with Nietzsche
Appolonian/Dionysian not known in the West as Yin/Yang is known in the East.
Western society does not emphasize such duality in cultural practice, seeking religion as the "solution" i.e Christianity.
While the I Ching established the nature of duality as the first book ever created, such duality was only popularized in 1872 by Nietzsche's The Birth of Tragedy... Apollonian sun ego psyche stoic mind reason thinking order restraint male hierarchy science system compulsiveness city classicism civilization Dionysian earth id eros Epicurean heart emotion feeling chaos excess female equality art spontaneity impulsiveness country romanticism nature Popularized by Friedrich Nietzsche in "The Birth of Tragedy" (1872) -Based on recurring elements in Greek Drama
(Dionysian chorus, Apollonian Dialogue) Yin Yang "What is not"
Death "What is"
Life Yin-Yang relationship is harmonious: How Do They Compare? Regardless of their conflict or harmony, one cannot be defined without the other... However... "To recognize and balance the opposing forces underlying all situations and phenomena, but no illusions are harbored about 'defeating' any cosmic force, positive or negative" While Apollonian-Dionysian on the other hand... "Wherever the Dionysian prevailed, the Apollonian was checked and destroyed.... wherever the first Dionysian onslaught was successfully withstood, the authority and majesty of the Delphic god Apollo exhibited itself as more rigid and menacing than ever." Not as much... From "The Birth of Tragedy" Conclusion " Indeed, he (Apollo) had to recognize even more than this: despite all its beauty and moderation, his entire existence rested on a hidden substratum of suffering and of knowledge, revealed to him by the Dionysian." What is the Significance of this relationship? Quoting Arthur Schopenhauer, Nietzsche describes the Apollinian:
"Just as in a stormy sea that, unbounded in all directions, raises and drops mountainous waves, howling, a sailor sits in a boat and trusts in his frail bark: so in the midst of a world of torments the individual human being sits quietly, supported by and trusting in the 'principium individuationis'." But the ship was now in the midst of the sea, tossed with waves: for the wind was contrary. And…Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea…Jesus spake unto them, saying, Be of good cheer; it is I; be not afraid...And when [he came] into the ship, the wind ceased. (Matthew 14:24-32) -The Apollonian-Dionysian Duality in the West is less prominent than the Yin-Yang in China -Each duality is interrelated, but in opposing ways (perpetual harmony vs. perpetual conflict) -While the IChing popularized such duality since the beginning of Chinese civilization, The Birth of Tragedy only popularized this in 1872. THANK YOU! -The result of these is seen in the difference in culture between Western and Eastern society. From the Holy Bible, Emphasizes the "stormy sea" as the Dionysian
irrationality of the world.
While the Apollonian "trusts his frail bark" to
Principium Indiviuationis: the experience of life as individuals as they try to live separately, detached, and distinct from others Irrationality/absurdness of the world is seen again
in the wind and "midst of the sea"
Jesus then acts as the channel of belief to cause the
wind to cease, like the Apollonian trust in the