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India-Pakistan Treeline; By: Mira Wattal
Transcript of India-Pakistan Treeline; By: Mira Wattal
These golden age influences shine through the traditional sari, the turban, and the Indian shalwar kameez. Sari: This nine meter cloth is skillfully arranged around a blouse, so that it becomes a fulled fledged dress shirt and skirt. Turban: Orignially, these headpieces were used to block the sun. They come in many styles such as the Sikh, Mysori and Rajasthani turban. Salwar Kameez: This unisex suit combines a tunic, tight fitting pants and a scarf called a "Chuni." Pakistan Influenced largely by India, Pakistani clothing combines stylistic sewing and diverse fabrics.
Typical fashion includes the salwar kameez, and embroidery like Zari work, and Dakba work. Salwar Kameez: A popular article of clothing in Pakistan, this dress combines a tunic, tight fitting pants and a scarf called a "Chuni." Zari Work: This beaded embroidery is used on women's clothing in repeated patterns. Dakba Work: Layered stiching that is used after the creation of the fabric to pop out of the clothing. Pakistan Pakistan's education system is split into preschool, primary, secondary, and post secondary schools.
Currently, 47% of the male, and 21% of the female population are educated.
The elite and middle classes make up most of the literate population. One major school in Pakistan includes the Allama Iqbal Open University. There has been a large strife for the improvement of girls' education. Young Pakistani boys reciting lessons at a local school. Educ The education standard in India offers a primary school for children 6-14, and a secondary school for teenagers 14-18.
India has a variety of education oppurtunities such as the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), and the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS).
More than 1/2 of students attend publics schools, and 1/4 attend private schools. India Students at the highranked CBSE. National Institute of Open Schooling The widely acclaimed university, BITS Pilani. ation Pakistan http://www.mapsofworld.com This country has a federal republic that is governed by chief of state, Asif Zardari.
Their legislative branch is a bicameral parliament, and is split into a Senate and National Assembly.
The judicial branch or "Sharia Court" consists of a president appointed Supreme Court of Justices. President Asif Zardari (September 2008-present) Prime Minister Raja Ashraf (June 2012-present) Deputy Prime Minister Chaudhry Elahi (June 2012-present) India India India is ruled by a federal republic with a chief of state, government, and cabinet.
This country also accepts a British influenced common law system, and Supreme Court.
The legislative branch is a bicameral parliament that is made up of a Council of States, and People's Assembly. President Pranab Mukherjee (July 2012-present) Vice President Mohammad Ansari (August 2007-present) Prime Minister Manmohan Singh Gover nment Pakistan India Due to the diverse regions in India, food comes in many difference shapes and sizes.
Some of the most prominent cultural cuisines include: Bengali, Kashmiri, and South Indian. Panch Phoran is a mix of spices that is commonly used throughout Bengali cuisine. Nadru, or lotus stems are a Kashmiri delicacy. South Indian food is known for its concoctions out of rice flour like that of this Dosa. Fo od Pakistani food is an evolved mix of Mughal, Iranian, Afghan, and Turkish influences.
As it is a spicy cuisine, oil plays an important part in this nation's cooking style. Biryani is one of Pakistan's most renowned dishes for it's richness in color and spice. Chicken is also an integral part in Pakistani cuisine, as seen by this Creamy Chicken Tikka. Vegetable oil is used frequently in Pakistani food. India Especially in religious texts, such as the Vedas, music has been an integral part of Indian culture.
Indian singers use rhyme, classical instruments, and a musical glossary of 7 notes to compose pieces.
The two major genres of music are filmi and classical. Indian Classical Music Indian Filmi Music-Dhoom Machale Pakistan Pakistani music is a combination of rock, sufi, and traditional Indian and Pakistani influences.
This nation is also know for it's many music dealing websites, and free music download is not uncommon. Sufi music's poetic tune/rhyme takes turkish instruments, like the ney or flute, and percussion to create harmony. The rock band, "The Strings," are very much influential in Pakistani's popculture. Music Pakistan July 2009 During the 1950's, cricket was considered a sport for the privileged.
However after the 20 years of garnering support in the regions of Lahore and Karachi, cricket went on to be the number one sport in Pakistan.
Today, this competitive game has even facilitated some of the rivalry between India and Pakistan. Mohammed Hafeez is the opening batsman for the Pakistani Cricket Team. 2009- Pakistan wins the Twenty20 Cricket World Cup. In this nation, cricket is an important factor of the Indian morale.
As a result, this sport is yet another reason for India and Pakistan to compete against each other.
Because cricket has become omnipresent in Indian culture, many movies have been dedicated to this sport. 2011- India wins the ICC World Cup. Lagaan was a cricket oriented movie about the struggles during the British Imperialism period. Cricket Pakistan India Islam: 96.4%, official religion
Muslims in Sunni Division: 85%-90%
Muslims in Shia Division: 10-15% In terms of population Muslims praying in a mosque. In terms of population Hinduism: 80.5%, official religion
Other: 1.8% A Hindu Temple Reli gion India Pakistan Past-Partition, the Pakistani growth rate was steadily rising from 4.5% in the 70's, to 6.5% in the 80's.
Today, the gross domestic product amounts to 230.5 billion dollars, and they are the 3rd fastest growing nation in the world.
However agriculture remains as the mass producer in the economy, as it was during British Imperialism. This graph helps to show how the monetary value of Pakistani Rupees are increasing. Even though India's economic worth was substantially lower at decolonization, ever since 1992, it has begun to grow at a steady rate of 8%.
As of 2012, the GDP is worth 1.947 trillion, and even industry has begun to surpass agriculture in terms of growth.
Some of their agricultural exports include rice, wheat, cotton and tea. In the graph, it shows how income for the average Indian is increasing. Economy The Indian-Pakistani relations show improvement when the two prime ministers agree to work together against terrorism. 2003 January 2013 May 2010 November 2008 March 2011 In the well populated region of Mumbai, 200 are killed in crossfire by suspected Pakistani militants. Finally in May, India was able to capture the gunmen responsible for the Mumbai attacks. The only survivor, Ajmal Qasab, was a Pakistani extremist, who was sentenced to death. The Indian prime minister, Manmohan Singh, invites his Pakistani counterpart to the 2011 Cricket World Cup. This gesture ultimately helped soften ties between the warring countries. There is a skirmish between the Indian and Pakistani armies on the Kashmir border; hence both sides are infuriated, and one Pakistani soldier is killed in the fight. Major Events: 2008-2013 At last, there is compromise and both Indian and Pakistan agree to a cease fire. Sources 2001 1996-1997 1989 1965 1947-1948 After what started as a debate over the disputed regions of Kashmir, led to a Pakistan insurgency in 1947.
Torn apart by the two warring countries, the Maharaja of Kashmir decided to solve the conflict by a referendum.
Not just that, but he agreed to India's demands of absolute power over defense, communications and foreign policy.
In 1948, however, the conflict continued after a formal Pakistani army was brought to the border.
The fighting finally stopped one year later, in January of 1949, when the UN intervened and pacified both sides. The tensions had emerged in April, when the fighting erupted between the Pakistani and Indian armies at the Kashmir border.
This catalyst the war in August, when the Pakistani invaded Kashmir, and broke the UN administrated cease fire.
Consequently, the Indians invaded the Pakistani border, causing three more weeks of brutal fighting.
Once again, the UN sponsors were used to reduce tension, and in 1966, leaders of each country resolved to work together peacefully. A revolt between the pro-independence and pro-Pakistani begins in the Kashmir Valley.
With both sides accusing each other of corruption and terrorism, a new militant group arose as a band of severe Islamic extremists.
The presence of these extremists left a lasting impact on the once secular regions of Kashmir.
In fact, these zealots were the same "Jihadi Fighters" who participated with Afghanistan in the war against the Soviet Union. The Indian Prime Minister, Indra Gujral (left), and Pakistani Prime Minister Gohar Ayub (right), try to promote peace through several meetings in Delhi.
Discussing a plan that would hopefully resolve Kashmir, they finally come to a consensus to prohibit nuclear power and missiles in this conflict.
This agreement is made between both parties, however they fail to pass a non-aggression act to reduce the border clashes. In October, 38 are killed in Srinagar by an attack led by Indian chief minister, Farooq Abdullah.
Directly following this attack, Pakastani militants respond by killing 14 people in New Delhi.
President Musharraf (below) denies his association with such militants, and publicly condemns terrorism.
Subsequently, he promises to resolve the Kashmir conflict through peaceful means only. Kashmir Military Conflict 2013-2018 Although a ceasefire has been reached, the disunity that still exists within the Kashmiri region will be the downfall for the Pakistanis and Indians. With the volatile history of both regions in mind, it will not be long before another revolt will spur a far worse Indo-Pakistani war. As was seen by the air strikes in 1999, and the nuclear confrontation the year before, these all resulted from the greed to take back Kashmir. Even recently, attacks on Mumbai are clear examples of the increasing tension between the Indians and Pakistanis. Thus, one could predict that if the internal disputes for Kashmir were to continue, war is much more imminent in the next five years. Five Year Proje ction http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12966786\