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Music Therapy Co-Treatment

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Jodie Ross

on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Music Therapy Co-Treatment

Co-Treatment in Music Therapy
Define Co-Treatment
* Co-treatment is when two varying types of therapists collaborate to enhance a client's therapeutic goals and progress.
Music Therapists can co-treat with:
- Speech Language Pathologists
- Physical Therapists
- Occupational Therapists
- Creative Arts Therapists (i.e. Art Therapists, Dance Therapists, Drama Therapists)
- Other Music Therapists!
Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs)
*Earn Undergraduate degree and Master's or Doctoral degree, pass the Praxis National Exam, complete Clinical Fellowship Year (9-month work experience supervised by certified SLP in an educational or medical setting), and maintain CEs (30 every 3 years)

Music Therapy & Physical Therapy
- Use of non-verbal, musical cueing
- Use of rhythm to facilitate movement and coordination
- Use of music to assist with attention to task and improving endurance
Music Therapy & Occupational Therapy
- Use of musical cueing
- Use of rhythm to facilitate movement & coordination
- Use of music to assist with attention to task & improving endurance
- Enhance learning
"Survey Says..."
Knowledge of Music Therapy:
67%- Heard of it but not sure what it is
33%- Brief overview in coursework

Experience Co-Treating with a Music Therapist-
100%- have yet to co-treat with a MT
Definitions of Music Therapy
*A therapeutic intervention- use of music for rehabilitation of behavior and mood
* Use of auditory sounds and/or stimuli to promote movements & behaviors
* Using a music intervention to accomplish a goal
When to Co-Treat
* Co-treatment is appropriate when the two therapies have goals that can compliment each other or are similar in nature.

* Reasons for not: issues with billing, scheduling, lack of opportunity, not being appropriate for client
Why Co-Treat?
* Unified treatment plans
* Possibility for goals to be met in shorter time frame
*Collaboration & Discussion
*Generalization of skills
*In the moment problem solving
Music Therapy & Speech
- Language & music have similarity in structure (universal, both have pitch, timbre, rhythm, and duration, both have auditory, vocal, and visual uses)

SLPs: Populations
Children and/or Adults:
unable to make speech sounds/ make them clearly, speech rhythm & fluency problems (i.e. stuttering),voice disorders (i.e. inappropriate pitch), problems comprehending/creating language, cognitive communication impairements (i.e. problem solving), and swallowing difficulties
SLPs: Facilities
Private Practices
Rehabilitation Centers
Home Health
SLPs: Goals
-Producing various letter sounds
- Participating in (x) minutes of conversational speech
-Using age-appeopriate vocabulary
- Responding appropriately to questions
- Using appropriate word order
- Decreasing stuttering
- Decreasing vocal abuse (misuse of volume)
Physical Therapists (PTs)
* Earn Bachelor's degree required before admission into a Doctor of Physical Therapy program (DPT) which lasts 3 years, complete a clinical residency/clinical fellowship (optional), pass a state licensure exam, can choose to become board certified specialists in certain areas, must have 24 contact hour per year (MS requirement)
PTs: Populations
Anyone from newborns to senior adults who have limitations in being able to move/perform functional skills needed for daily living

PTs can treat: arthritis, balance, physical injuries, TBIs, developmental delays, dislocations, fractures, and stroke
PTs: Facilities
Acute Care
Rehabilitation Centers
Nursing Home
Private Practice
PTs: Goals
- Increasing range of motion
- Increasing flexibility
- Increasing balance
- Improving strength
- Improving transitions from sitting to standing
Occupational Therapists (OTs)
* Earn a Bachelor's degree in Kinesiology, Biology, Psychology, Sociology, or Anatomy, complete 6-9 months of clinical experience, earn a Master's degree in OT, pass the board exam, and earn 20 contact hours every two years.
OTs: Populations
Anyone with physical, developmental, social or emotional difficulties who needs individualized assistance in order to be successful and more independent in daily living
OTs: Facilities
Rehabilitation Centers
Nursing Homes
Private Practice
Home Health
OTs: Goals
- Increasing fine and gross motor skills
- Increasing visual-motor skills
- Increasing functional mobility
Definitions (continued)
* Using music (listening, playing, singing) as a method to calm/relax or help an individual in a particular area of life
* Using music in a therapeutic way to target improved overall function & well-being
* Sound that can promote calming effects & assist in behavior changes
Could MT Enhance Services
100% YES
* can calm, excite,& encourage, used as a sensory stimulous, useful when dealing with a patient holistically in order to improve quality of life, use of Melodic Intonation Therapy, used to hold attention or teach things, useful for articulation, language,respiration & to improve mood and participation
Group Work
* Break into 3 groups- SLP, PT, and OT
* Receive client info & goal from other therapy
* Create a music therapy intervention that could be used to co-treat with client's goal
Full transcript