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Short Story Analysis

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Lexi Obman

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of Short Story Analysis

Short Story Analysis
By: Roald Dahl

Major Conflicts
Literary Devices
Timber Woods
Harry Pope
- Static Character

- Rude

- Racist

Doctor Ganderbai
- Static Character

- Doctor

- Patient
About the Author
Point of View
The point of view of "When I Lay My Burdens Down" is first person. The narrator is Maya as she is looking back on her early life as an older person.
Artwork Connection
Major Conflicts
The major conflict in the story is racisim and how it affects Maya's family.
Both stories revolve around a similar major conflict: racisim. Both main characters experience firsthand racisim through other characters. Timber Woods and Ganderbai heard racist words from Harry Hope, while Maya and her family heard it from the white girls.
The theme of the story is burdens may bring you down but when you learn to not let them get to you, you are as strong as you make yourself to be.
About the Author
Roald Dahl was born on September 13, 1916. He grew up in South Wales. In 1932, Ronald Dahl graduated from Repton. After graduation he joined the Royal Air Force before settling down in Washington D.C. to become a writer. Some of his books are "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" and "James and the Giant Peach". Roald Dahl died on November 23, 1990.
By: Hayley Andersen, Lexi Obman, Sam Jackson, and Megan Sanico
"He was still speaking like he'd been shot in the stomach." (simile)
"He was lying there very still and tense as if though he was holding on to himself hard because of pain." (simile)
"Mr. Pope, are you sure you even saw the snake in the first place?" (verbal irony, sarcasm)
"When Lay My Burdens Down"
By Maya Angelou
Setting and its Significance
*The setting of "Poison" by Roald Dahl is in Harry Pope's bungalow in India. it is set in a tine when the Europeans are forming colonies. this effects the characters attitudes.
Maya Angelou was born on April 4, 1928 in St. Louis, Missouri. Some of her books were "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" and "On the Pulse of Morning." Along with being a writer, she was also an actress. She died on May 28, 2014 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
Point of View
The point of view of "Poison" is first person. The narrator is Timber Woods.
Literary Devices

"The children crawled over the shelves and into the potato and onion bins, twanging all the time in their sharp voices like a cigar box guitar." (simile)
The dirty little children didn't do that, but they threw orders around the store like lashes from a cat-o-nine-tails." (simile)
Since the author expresses her negative opinion on white people, it foreshadows a struggle between her family and the whites.
- One of the major conflicts in the story is the krait that is on Harry Pope's stomach.

- Another conflict is Harry Pope being racist throughout the story.

- Narrator

- Static Character

- Caring About Harry

The overall message of the story is that racism is a poison that infects everyone around you with hate.

The story has many examples of imagery that enhance the reader's vision. One example is "I raked the red-yellow dirt and made half moons carefully, so that the design stood out clearly and masklike."
- The plot of "Poison" is that there is a very deadly snake coiled on Harry Pope, which needs to be romoved before it bites Harry. When Harry's friend, Timber Woods, comes to see what is happening, and finds that Harry has a krait on him, he calls Doctor Ganderbai. Doctor Ganderbai injects Harry with an antivenom that may or may not work, should the krait bite him. He then tells Timber to go to his home and get chloroform, a substance that he can use to knock the snake unconcious. He uses a tube to pour the chloroform over where Harry says the krait is. When the covers are pulled back, there is no krait.
Setting & Significance
- Maya Angelou; Narrator, Static Character, Obedient to her Mother
Imagery is important in a good story. An example of imagery is "I saw the needle above his vein, Ganderbai holding the syringe almost flat against the arm, sliding the needle sideways through the skin into the blue vein, sliding it slowly but so firmly it went in smooth as into cheese."
The setting of "When I Lay My Burdens Down" is the Store, a general shop that is owned by Maya's mother.
Comparing "Poison" & "When I Lay My Burdens Down"
- Momma; Maya's mother, Static Character, Strong-willed
Maya's mother owns a store. Due to the time period the family that works at the store is constantly mistreated. The racism continues to escalate. Maya realizes how much these white people are hurting her family and more specifically her mother.
"Poison" takes place in Timber's bungalow and "When I Lay My Burdens Down" take place in Maya's family store. The racisim they experience came from different ways. In "Poison", Harry's expressive racisim could've been triggered by stress due to the krait. In "When I Lay My Burdens Down" the racisim was meant by the girls towards Maya and her family.
"Juggle" by Aravindhan Natarajan. Created Septmeber 21, 2007.

This peice of artwork shows how in both stories people drawn away from each other due to racism. It shows that we as people look down toward people of a different race. We should learn from both the stories and the artwork, that we should treat others as eaquals no matter there height, size, or race.
In relation to "Poison", Timber and Ganderbai could be one person and Harry could be the opposite person. It shows they're on opposite sides and cannot understand each other. (Ganderbai and Timber calling Harry a liar.) In "When I Lay My Burdens Down", Maya and her family could be one person and the white girls could be the other.
Full transcript