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Yorkshire Dialect

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Flavia Pacheco

on 23 June 2014

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Transcript of Yorkshire Dialect

Yorkshire Dialect
Where should we go?
General Description
GRAMMAR
Some History...
Naw let´s tek eur skeg a' t' vocabulary
lark: to play
foss: waterfall
sweets: goodies or spices
to cadge: to borrow
chuck: man
missus: wife
th'old fella: father
Far more than just a Yorkshire accent and with its own words and to some extent grammar, dialect largely took shape when Angles from northern Germany and then Vikings from Denmark and Norway settled in the area.
Distinctive branches of dialect developed in the three Ridings, with the North and East Ridings taking in more Scandinavian words than the West Riding.
PRONUNCIATION
The Yorkshire accent has many of the identifiers of “Northern English”, particularly the vowel sounds in words:

* SHORT /a/
* Use of [ʊ] -> blood, cut
* /d/ occasionally pronounced as /t/
* /h/ dropping
* /n/ instead of velar nasal
* Past participle dropped




"be reight" : be okay
"breadcake": bread roll
"Eeh by Gum":"Oh my God"
OLD SPEAKERS
* [uː] for book, cook, and look
* "Where" and "there"-> [iə].
Also in "head" and "Leaves"
* [eɪ] for /iː/ in key, meat, speak
* RP [ɔː]-> variety of diphthongal pronunciations 
[uə, oə, ɔə, ʊə]
* Words with a velar fricative may have [oʊ~ɔʊ] for [ɔː] (e.g. brought, fought, thought)
* -ight -> /i:/
night /ni:t/ fight /fi:t/ right /ri:t/ (or /reit/)
CONSONANTS
* /t/ for /d/, or more common glottal stop.
* /p/ for /b/ in absolute
* /n/ for velar nasal, or even [ŋɡ]
* /h/ dropping
* Omission of final stops and fricatives in function words
with /wi/
* Glottal stop to replace /k/ as in like or a Glottal reinforcement
*Rhoticity present in border with Lancashire and in East Riding
* /ʌ/ usually take [ʊ], although [ə] is possible
* none, one, once, nothing -> [ɒ]
Huddersfield: [lɒv] to rhyme with "of"
* /ei/-> [eː] or [ɛː].
* /eik/ -> [ɛ] : /tek/ /mek/ /sek/
* RP vowel /əʊ/ -> [oː] or [ɔː]
* /ə/ inserted between close vowel and /l/
/iəl/ for /iːl/
/uəl for /uːl/.
*/e/ precedes /r/ in a stressed syllable: /e/ -> [ə]
*/aɪ/ -> /aː/
*/aʊ/ -> /aː/
*Words like city and many are pronounced with a final [ɛ] in the Sheffield area.[11]
* Stressed Prefix: eg. [kɒnˈsɜːn]
VOWELS
*Definite article reduction:
Shortening of “the” to a form without a vowel, often written t'.
*Some dialect words persist: owt and nowt (anything and nothing).
* Aye and Nay (emphatic use)
* Comparisons using “nor” in place of “than”
* Nouns describing units of value, weight, distance, height and sometimes volumes of liquid have no plural marker.
* Pronouns:
“us” instead of “me” or “our”
"me" instead of "my" or "mine"
* Use of the singular second-person pronoun thou (often written tha) and thee.
* “Were” in place of “was”, even when connected to a singular pronoun.
* “While” used in place fo “Until”
* Reflexive Pronouns:
self → sen
yourself → thy sen / tha sen
* Omission of Relative Clause: I've a sister lives there
*DOUBLE NEGATIVES are very common
Some Extra Info...
* The Survey of English Dialects identified many different accents in Yorkshire.
* The Yorkshire Dialect Society tries to protect Tyke and other dialects

*Studies have shown that accents in the West Riding (that is, mostly, modern West and South Yorkshire) are well liked by the country and are associated with common sense, loyalty and reliability. In response to this, call centres have been increasingly located in this area.




Naw we can listen ta um examples...

'n analyse 'em togetha!
Eh Up, Your phones ringing. Get a move on will you chuck I haven't got all day

Eh up, our lass, its th'old fella on t'phone for you

Eh, mind out, its t'missus on t'phone for you

Tha phone's ringing. Aye, it'll be for thee. If tha don't answer it tha won't know who its now will thee
Some funny ringtones
Miss Dibnah explains how to make ...
VOCABULARY
PRONUNCIATION
* substitutes a /r/ sound for the /t/ in the phrases well first I GOT a clean bowl and then I PUT it in front of fire to warm with a clout over it

* pronunciation of words such as bowl, yeast, well, look, cold and half.

* H-dropping

* rhoticity

GRAMMAR
* use of the so-called historic present. This is a verbal construction used as an alternative to the past tense when telling a story or relating a series of connected events in the past: then I takes it and I kneads it real well up again and I puts it into tins... The additional <s> on the verbs indicate quite clearly that this is not a ‘normal’ present tense.

* an adjective as an adverb: then it’s real brown

* zero definite article: if you don’t put it in front of fire; I puts it in front of fire again; I puts it into oven

* use of gotten and baken

* first person singular has

* no use of “for + time phrase”: I leaves it another twenty minutes.

* word order with infinitive phrase: You have it to weigh.
clout = cloth
intiv = to (+ V)
over = too
gan = to go
nobbut = only
folks = people;
spice bread = currant loaf
body = person
siche = such
this here = this
cause = because
oven: yewn
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