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Chemistry Project

on 6 June 2013

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Transcript of GMOs

By Aiden Orr,
Jonathan Walthour,
and Maria Regina Genetically Modified Organisms About GMOs GMO Manufacturers Currently, companies in the United States do not have to report on whether or not their foods contain GMOs. Heinz, Pepperidge Farm, General Mills, Coca Cola, and Nestle are suspected to manufacture foods containing GMOs. California "Right To Know Act"
(Proposition 37) California is currently attempting to pass
a law that forces companies to label foods containing genetically modified material.

Chipotle, Robeks, Stonyfield Farm,
Organic Valley, and Earth Balance Where are they found? GMOs are commonly found
in foods such as corn, soy, tomatoes,
potatoes, papaya, etc.
About 75-80% of foods found
in grocery stores contain GMOs. GMOs are organisms that are genetically altered to increase crop yields and enhance the nutrients found in plants. Companies against GMO labeling
(lobbying against Prop 37) Coca Cola
Del Monte
General Mills
Land O' Lakes
Ocean Spray
Godiva Chocolatier
ConAgra Foods Laws and Regulation In countries such as the Czech Republic, Hong Kong, Australia, Russia, and Japan, laws require companies to label their foods that contain GMOs. Laws in the U.S. simply require foods to be "safe." Testing and labeling are optional. The FDA, EPA, and USDA are involved in regulating genetically modified organisms. Video Pros of GMOs Nutrition Across the world, malnutrition is a major issue
The issue is prolonged by a reliance on a single crop, such as rice
Singular crops lack the nutrition needed for a healthy diet. For example, blindness may result from the lack of Vitamin A in rice.
The Swiss Institute of Technology Institute for Plant Sciences created a special strain called "Golden Rice"
This strain has higher amounts of Vitamin A, making nutritional deficencies weaker Pest Resistance Crop losses from pest can be crippling.
To combat this, farmers use mass amounts of pesticides
This hurts the environment and the food.
The solution in GM foods, such as Bt Corn, helps eliminate the need for chemical pesticides. Herbicide Tolerance To effectively get rid of weeds, farmers have resorted to spraying large amounts of herbicides.
This is extremely expensive and harmful to the land and food.
Crops engineered to be resistant are the solution.
This reduces the amount needed. Cons of GMOs Environmental Risks Foreign genes can contaminate other species
GMOs drastically change ecosystems
Introducing new plants can adversely affect ecosystems
Introducing new animals can negatively affect ecosystems
Contaminated species can alter the food chain
GMOs have a direct impact on food safety and security Cons of GMOs Collateral Damage Can cause organ damage
Toxins in GM foods can affect DNA
Can cause autism
Can lead to digestive problems and affect growth hormones
Can make bacteria harder to destroy Cold Tolerance Unexpected frost can hurt crops dramatically.
A genetically modified antifreeze gene has been put in plants such as tobacco and potatoes.
This helps the crops tolerate and sustain through unfortunate climates. Cons of GMOs No Long-Term Testing Long term testing of GMO seeds is prohibited
GMO seeds are called "seeds of destruction"
No long-term testing can lead to different manufacturing results Cons of GMOs GMOs don't save time or money
Increase food prices
Crop yields vary Failure to yield Cons of GMOs Drought and Salinity Tolerance As the world grows, the land is being used more and more for farming and that hurts the land.
This results in farming happening in land with high drought rates and high salinity in the soil.
Genetically modifying crops to withstand such those situations allows farmers to farm in formerly unsuitable lands. Pro GM Food Companies Naked, Honest Tea, and Odwalla all support GMOs. Sick or Dying Animals
Animals can die from eating genetically modified food, that is similar to food humans eat.
The condition in which the genetically modified food is kept in may also cause animals to endure pain.
Animals that consume GM foods make the animal's produce less organic. (their meat)
The animal consumption of GM foods can lead to poisoned intestines in the animal, depending on what it is.
Grass-fed animals and wild fish should always avoid GMOs for their own sake.
Animals consuming GMOs can lead to that animal getting salmonella poisoning. CONS OF GMOS Allergies GM foods can cause some people to have serious allergic reactions.
The more sensitive you are, the more prone you are to developing an allergic reaction to the GMO.
When bacteria sits and doesn't die, it creates higher allergy rates for human beings.
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