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Copy of 8 Stages of Rwanda Genocide

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윤영 정

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Transcript of Copy of 8 Stages of Rwanda Genocide

ALTHEA MICAH OBUYES
GENOCIDE
8 STAGES OFGENOCIDE
patayan
Gelkujî
Itsembabwoko
Genocidio
Genocide
Let us focus on Rwanda !!
The mass killing of hundred of thousands of ethic Tutsi (14%) and moderate Hutu (85%) in Rwanda and was the largest atrocity during the Rwanda Civil War. It lasted 100 days and the world stood idly by and just watch. It was carried out of two main Hutu militia groups, the Interhamwe and the Impuzamugambi. The estimated put the death total between 800,000 to 1,000,000.
GENOCIDE IN RWANDA
What are the 8 stages of Genocide?
Genocide is the deliberate killing of a large group of people or violence against a nation racial or religious group with the intent to destroy it, entered common usage after World War II.
8 Stages of Genocide
All cultures have categories to distinguish people into "us and them" by ethnicity, race, religion, or nationality one of them is the division of Hutus and Tutsi stems from way back when Cushite (Tutsi) first conquered the Bantu (Hutus) and established themselves as rulers, an elite class a cut above. When the colonists came they are stating that Tutsi are more European because of their physical qualities. When they left, they left, they left the Hutu power. The Hutus have placed themselves above Tutsi.
CLASSIFICATION
One group denies the humanity of the other group. Members of it are equated with animals, vermin, insects or diseases. In Rwanda the Tutsis were cockroaches to the Hutu, vermin that were less than human. In Hotel Rwanda, the constant use of word "cockroaches" for the Tutsis exemplifies the stage of dehumanization.
TUTSI
DEHUMANIZATION
The division between Hutus and Tutsis was symbolished by their slight physical differences.
SYMBOLIZATION
Tutsis are much taller, whilr the Hutus come from shorter decent.
Tutsis are known to be lighter skinned.
Tutsis are said to have a "white nose", to the Hutus, the Tutsis noses were long and slender like "white mans".
To go along with their noses Tutsis skulls have are shaped different than
the Hutus.
The identification cards are use to define whether they are Hutu or Tutsi.
POLARISATION
Clip from Hotel Rwanda.
When RTLM (Radio Television des Milles Collines) began broadcasting on July 8, 1993, it is used to spread hate and to kill. They took an active role in the slaughter. The RTLM called the Tutsi 'inyenzi' means cockroaches and often use the code phrase "cut down the tall trees," which means the Hutu should start killing the Tutsis. If the Hutu refused to participate in the slaughter, then members of the Interahamwe would give them a choice either to kill or be killed. The main example of Polarization from Hotel Rwanda is the voice on the radio.
CLICK to watch
On April 6, 1994 a plane carrying President Habyarimana, a Hutu was shot down this is where the Rwanda Genocide began.
The eighth lesson is the cruelty of Genocide denial. It is among the surest indicators of further genocidal massacres. It is when the perpetrators of genocide try to cover the evidence and deny that they have commited any crimes. The killers often blame what happened on the victims. In the movie Hotel Rwanda, the Hutu military general truly believes that he has done nothing wrong and has not committed any crimes. Tribunals like Rwanda tribunals may not determine the worst genocidal killers. But with the political will to arrest and prosecute them.
ORGANIZATION
PREPARATION
EXTERMINATION
DENIAL
In Rwanda MNRD and Interhamwae planned the genocide very well. In some cases, the state or country orginizes it themselves, but often use militias to avoid responsibilities. In the movie Hotel Rwanda, the machetes that are they going to use for the killing are shipped even before the killing started.
The Hutu militias camped out on the streets and set up roadblocks in order to catch the Tutsis.
They use machete as their weapon to show how cheap Hutus value the lives of Tutsis.
The seventh step is the extermination. It is considered extermination, rather than murder, because the Tutsis are not consdered human. For Hutus the Tutsis are cockroaches. When the Hutus was given a signal, the Interahamwae and the Hutus conducted a deliberate, coordinates attack on the Tutsis and Hutus moderates. The killing lasted 100 days and lost million lives of Tutsi and also Hutus. The bodies are bured in mass burnt like garbage.
http:www.genocidewatch.orgaboutgenocide/8stagesofgenocide.html
Victims are identified and separated out because of their skin colour and other slight physical difference. Death list are drawn up. Members of victim groups are forced to have identity cards that the Hutu government had implemented. The MNRD and interhamwae timed everything perfectly, and were adequately preapared to attack.
HUTU
TUTSI
BIBLIOGRAPHY
http://www.slideshare.net/diana.koscik/8-stages-of-genocide
http://modernhistoryproject2012.wordpress.com/the-steps-to-genocidethis-thisi/
http://justinp928.wordpress.com/2013/02/11/8-stages-of-genocide-in-rwanda/
BY:
CLICK THE VOLUME TO STOP THE MUSIC AND WATCH TO THE VIDEO...
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