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Transcript of ANXIETY DISORDERS
What is an Anxiety disorder?
Anxiety- normal stress reaction, "Fight or Flight"
Primary features of abnormal or inappropriate anxiety
Tension, worried thoughts, physical changes happen for no reason or no stimulus
Irrational, Uncontrollable, Disruptive
Defining and Identifying Specific Nature of Anxiety Disorders
Types of Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety can happen to just about anybody. But more of a trouble for those affected by it constantly and get in the way of a normal life.
-Good prognosis chances
-These disorders can be controlled and CONQUERED, with the right help, treament and way of thinking!
Fear can, though it is not God, create something from nothing.
- Caspar de Aguilar
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Sudden or repeated attacks of fear, can last for minutes or longer
Occurs anytime, makes victim fear of next attack
Has physical symptoms as well as prolonged psychological symptoms
feeling stressed or frightened even if they're not in danger
Develops after a situation where they are threatened or harmed, traumatic events such as rape, car accidents, natural disasters, war
Re-experiencing symptoms, arousal symptoms, avoidance symptoms
Doing things repeatedly
Performs routines obsessively and same rituals in repitition (washing hands, counting, unlocking/locking door)
Constantly check and recheck their environment or home for possible perceived threats
Unable to control compulsions or unwanted thoughts
Psychological and physical changes interfere with daily life
Experience constant fear and being overwhelmed
Those suffering from anxiety, it is excessive, inapproriate, long-lasting
Depending anxiety disorder, the symptoms are constant and uncontrollable
Negative feelings from nowhere, mental illness
Who is most likely to get the disorder (in term of age, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic class, etc.) and how prevalent is it in the population?
Age, gender, ethnicity, etc. play minor role, but primarily linked to genetics, brain chemistry, life events.
Most common mental illness in U.S. affects adults 18 years +, equating to 18% of the U.S. population, also affects about 1 in 8 children
Concerning biological treatments for this disorder, what medications are available for this treatment?
What is the most plausible explanation of this disorder from a biological perspective?
Biological Treatments: Relaxation, Breathing Techniques
Medications: Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Ativan, Valium, etc.)
According to the behavioral model, how are these behaviors developed?
Genetics, environment, upbringing have main cause but broken down into two reasons:
* Biology- Genetics. Some people more genetically prone.
* Environment- Trauma, abuse, upbringing, change, stress, etc. all can contribute to the development. These plus genetics can be the cause.
What is the most plausible
explanation of this
disorder from the
An individual's earlier life experiences, which can be the result of one's actual experiences, the observation of other's life experiences, or even just hearing about a fearful event.
Which treatment or treatments for this disorder have the most research support for being effective?
How is culture taken in consideration when diagnosing and treating this disorder?
Comes in 2 parts: Medications and Therapy ( Psycho Therapy, VR Therapy, Exposure Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Restructuring, and Stress Inoculation Training)
Different combinations of treatment depending on type of disorder
Same disorders viewed from one continent to the next can have different meanings although symptoms are the same.
For example: Handwashing, western culture vs. eastern cultures
Generalized Anxiety Disorders
What is it like?
Persistent, irrational fear of specific object, situation, activity
Fear is excessive, irrational, person will go to great lengths to avoid situation ( phobophobia- fear of acquiring a phobia)
Social phobia- Fear of being embarrassed and failing in public interfering with daily life (DSM-IV-TR, 2000), sweat, tremble, become nauseous when with others
Extremely worried about things even for no reason, negative thoughts
More issues, more excessive worries can mean they suffer from this disorder (DSM-IV-TR,2000)
Can't relax, startle easily
Shows physical symptoms
At worse, can't function socially or hold job
According to Disorder Index Code, physical changes occur out of nowhere. Heart rate increases, breathing increases and muscles tense inapproriate anxiety,
Each disorder, different symptoms but have common theme; have excessive irrational fear and dread.
Many disorders branching off from Anxiety