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The Armenian Genocide

Our Language A project on the Forgotten Genocide
by

The Inseperables

on 13 December 2013

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Transcript of The Armenian Genocide

by Breanna, Erica, Stephanie, Joe, and Chris
1917-1920
The importance of April 24, 1915
This was the day when over 250 Armenian leaders were arrested, in Constantinople then sent to prison in Anatolia, a region in Turkey. Most of them were killed in prison.
In 1875, the Turkish Government ordered that an Armenian market be burned, with great loss to Armenian property.
1914-1916
Events
That same day, over 3,000 Armenians were murdered in their homes, and many more were rounded up and shot in the following days.
Because of this, the victims of the Armenian Genocide are honored on April 24th.
Denial
The Turkish government claims that the Armenian Genocide never happened.
Armenia
Background
Aftermath
Armenians live in the country of Armenia, which is in western Asia, near Turkey.
Before the genocide, most of Armenia was part of the Ottoman Empire, Governed by the Turks.
The Turkish flag
The Armenian flag
There was a lot of tension between Armenia and Turkey because Armenians were Christian, and Turks were Muslim.
1875-1890
The word "Armenia" was forbidden in official documents.
Many Armenian magazines and newspapers are discontinued.
Across the country, over 1,000 writers, teachers, and leaders were arrested.
Later that year, over three hundred thousand Armenians were killed by the Turkish government.
In 1884, Armenians riot about heavy taxes from the Turkish government.
Though this was before the genocide "officially" started, these years were the beginning of the major Armenian killings.
April of 1915 ended with over 50,000 Armenians killed in the Van province alone.
Armenia
Capital: Yerevan
Official language: Armenian Language
Turkey
Capital: Ankara
Official language: Turkish Language
These events occurred before the genocide "officially" started, but that doesn't stop them from being an essential part of the Armenian Genocide.
The government says the people who were being deported died of natural causes that they were unable to control.
This is partially true, because most of the people deported died of starvation and disease, but it was the Young Turks and the Turkish Government who forced the Armenians to march so far. Others being deported were attacked by soldiers and thieves.
In spite of all the evidence and the 1.5 million dead, Turkey still denies that these events ever happened.
Many people don't even know where Armenia is, much less about the genocide.
Let's hope noting this terrible and tragic ever happens again.
1891-1913
1893: The Bloody Sultan also disbands the national parliament in Constantinople.
1893: Sultan Abdul Hamid II (the Bloody Sultan)suspends the Armenian National Constitution
1891-1913
1894 August 25-30:
The Turkish army manages to force Armenian women, children and old men near Sasun to leave their village for the forest on the bottom of mountain. The army burns the forest and the Armenians with it, alive.
1884: 10,000 Armenians are killed and 74 Armenian villages are destroyed in and near Sasun, Turkey.
During this time, Turks develop a new way to kill unarmed people.
1895 August: Britain, France and Russia point out the disastrous situation in the Armenian provinces to the sultan. The Imperial Turkish Government replies in August 1895 and promises to carry out the reforms specified in Article 61 of the Treaty of Berlin (1978).
Sasun ( or Sason) in the province of Batman, Turkey.
Sasun
1894 August-October: Armenians refuse to pay illegal taxes.

World War I begins July 1914.
Estimated Armenian population in Turkey at 2,100,000.
The Armenian population is neutral because there are a number of Armenians in Russia, which is an enemy of Turkey.
The Armenian presence in the Russian Army will become an argument used by the Turkish authorities in their attempt to justify the measures they took later to destroy the Armenian people.
1987: European Parliament voted to recognize the genocide. So did the Russian Parliament in 1995.
Armenian Genocide is also known as the Forgotten Genocide because it is not very well known.
The Holocaust made the Armenian Genocide look insignificant.
Armenian's horrors were, for a long time, undetected in the "outside world".
All Armenian political parties were discontinued, except the Armenian Communist Party.
Turkey defeated in WW2, and consequently, the Ottoman Empire was destroyed.
The Treaty of Sevres was signed on August 10, 1920, and it divided up boundaries in the middle east. This treaty officially declared Armenia separate from Turkey.
The Treaty of Sevres was renounced in 1923.
There are monuments for the Armenian Genocide around the world. The monument in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, opened in 1965 for the 50th anniversary of the genocide.
Almost the entire Armenian population of Harput is slaughtered by the Turks. The body count exceeds 4,000.
The
Organization:
Polarization:
Preparation:
Eight
stages
of
Genocide
Classification:
~ Turkish and Kurds
~ Armenians
~ Muslim
~Christians
~ Armenians are Christian
~ Second - class citizens, or gavours, as they were called, which means "unbeliever"
~ Any non - Muslims were considered lesser than everyone else
~Since Armenians were Christian, the Turks looked down on them. It didn't help that there were many Armenians living in Russia, an enemy of Turkey.
Dehumanization:
~ Children were abandoned to starve
~ Thousands of Armenians lined up to go to "relocation centers," or the deserts. They could then be intentionally murdered, or basically left to die.
~ Intentional deprivation of food and water
~ Women and children were stripped naked and were very often preyed upon and abused
~Some were crucified
~ idea: arrest and murder only a few at a time.
~ gathering, disarming, and killing of even more each time
~ Massacres, deportations, and marches
~ Deny, deny, deny... and don't let news come out.
~ Military and Propaganda
~ Looting, killing, and raping
~ Randomly shooting people in broad daylight.
~ Fear of the political party causing the deaths: the Young Turks
~ Men and leaders killed to weaken the people.
~They were muslim
The Armenian soldiers in the Turkish army, are sometimes marched and killed in cold blood or used for target practice (sometimes these were explained as "accidents" or that it was a risk of being in the army)
On May 16, 1915 a law is written with "instructions pertaining to property and real estate abandoned by the deported Armenians, consequences of the war and unusual political circumstances". The law says that Turkish refugees would stay in the homes and on the lands belonging to the Armenians being deported.
At this point, there are about 800,000 victims of the genocide.
In Great Britain's House of Commons, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Edward Grey declares "All the information concerning the carnage of Armenians in Turkey became public. Only two feelings can describe it - horror and disturbance."
On February 9, 1916 the United States Senate votes (with the House of Representatives) to ask the President of the United States (Woodrow Wilson at the time) to set a special day when citizens of this country can help Armenians with financial support. President Wilson designates August 21 and August 22 for making contributions for the suffering Armenians.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk is signed between Turkey and Russia after Russia's withdrawal from WWI (because of the Russian Revolution).

1918
Fighting continues for Armenian units in the Turkish Army.
Turkey invades Russian Armenia, which causes more killings of Armenians, including those fleeing from Turkish Armenia.
June 4, 1918, A Treaty of Peace and Friendship is signed between Ottoman Turkey and the Republic of Armenia, proclaiming peace and eternal friendship and discussing boundaries.
Early in 1920: Trials take place in Constantinople and a number of Turkish officials and Young Turks (the political party leading Turkey during the Genocide) are sentenced to death for their involvement in the crimes against the Armenian people.
Death Marches
Extermination:
Crucifixion
Starvation
forced dug overdose
working to death
burning
drowning
poisoning
starvation
Disease
They attempted to get rid of religious practices that survivors used.
Changing of some surviving children's names to turkish names and raising them in the farms in Turkey.
The Turks removed events of the Genocide from history books and textbooks.
In the 1930's the Turkish Government convinced MGM to stop the production of a movie on a book based on a story from the Armenian genocide.
Resources:
http://worldwithoutgenocide.org/genocides-and-conflicts/armenian-genocide
http://www.gendercide.org/case_armenia.html
http://www.armenian-genocide.org/index.htm
http://www.umd.umich.edu/dept/armenian/facts/genocide.html
http://www.genocide-museum.am/eng/armenian_genocide.php
http://www.genocide-museum.am/eng/armenian_genocide.php
http://www.nytimes.com/ref/timestopics/topics_armeniangenocide.html
http://www.genocide1915.info/
http://thegreatcrime.weebly.com/stages-of-genocide.html
Full transcript