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6.07 American Symbols

An Assignment for an American Government course.
by

Caroline Bingner

on 12 February 2013

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Transcript of 6.07 American Symbols

Government Buildings Located in Washington, DC near the Capitol, this building has housed the Supreme Court since 1935. When the capital moved to its permanent location in Washington, DC, Congress lent the Court space in the new Capitol Building, until a permanent location was established for the Court. On either side of the main steps are seated marble figures. On the left is a female figure, the Contemplation of Justice. On the right is a male figure, the Guardian or Authority of Law. Above the entrance to the Supreme Court Building appears engraved motto "Equal Justice Under Law". Government Buildings Built on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, the U.S. Capitol was completed in 1800. The U.S. Capitol is home to the House of Representative and the Senate. The capitol is easily distinguished by it's large white, iron dome. The dome has a statue of a woman representing Freedom mounted on top of it. Which symbol I think is most important to the USA and why: The American Flag: It is the symbol of our liberty and freedom. It stands for the blood and tears of our people, the many lives lost to pay for that freedom, and it serves as a beacon of hope and liberty to the rest of the world. Symbols The U.S. flag has undergone many changes since the first official flag of 1777 as many stars have been added to original 13 as new states joined the union. Currently, the flag contains 50 states. White represents purity and innocence. Red represents valor and bravery. Blue is for vigilance, perseverance, and justice. The starts respresent the heavens, and the stripes represent the rays of the sun. Symbols The delegates of the Constitutional Convention believed an emblem and national coat of arms would be evidence of an independent nation and a free people with high aspirations and grand hopes for the future. The Great Seal was finalized and approved on June 20, 1782. The Great Seal can be seen on the back of a one-dollar bill. The Secretary of State is the official custodian of the seal. It is only attached to certain documents, such as foreign treaties and presidential proclamations. Symbols The bell was made in London, England in 1752, and shortly after its arrival, the bell cracked. The Liberty Bell rang when the Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence and has become the symbol of freedom in the United States.state occasion until 1846. Not everyone agrees on when the first crack appeared on the Liberty Bell, but by 1846 a thin crack began to affect the sound of the bell. It was repaired so the bell could be tolled for Washington's birthday on February 23, 1846. Today, the Liberty Bell hangs in Philadelphia at the Liberty Bell Pavilion on Market Street for all to see and is still gently rung each July 4th. By Caroline Bingner American Symbols U.S Capitol The White House Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, DC, the White House has been the official residence of all the presidents of the United States with the exception of George Washington. By the time the White House was completed in 1800, John Adams was President. The Oval Office is where the President does the business of the country--signing bills and Executive Orders and meeting with staff, visitors, and guests. The Supreme Court American Flag Bald Eagle The bald eagle was made the national bird of the United States in 1782. The Founding Fathers wanted to choose an animal that was unique to the United States. For six years, the members of Congress engaged in a dispute over what the national emblem should be. As a result of the debate, the bald eagle was chosen because it symbolized strength, courage, freedom, and immortality. The image of the bald eagle can be found in many places such as the Great Seal, Federal agency seals, the President's flag, and on the one-dollar bill. Great Seal Liberty Bell Uncle Sam The exact origins of Uncle Sam as a symbol for the United States are unknown. But the most widely accepted theory is that Uncle Sam was named after Samuel Wilson. During the War of 1812, Samuel Wilson was a businessman that supplied the U.S. Army with beef in barrels. The barrels were labeled "U.S." When asked what the initials stood for, one of Wilson's workers said it stood for Uncle Sam Wilson. The suggestion that the meat shipments came from "Uncle Sam" led to the idea that Uncle Sam symbolized the Federal Government and association stuck. The most famous picture of Uncle Sam appeared on an Army recruiting poster. The poster was designed in WWI and was used again in WWII. The caption reads "I Want You for U.S. Army." Statues and Memorials Societies build war memorials because often there is a need to freeze history, to be sure that people will remember what has happened. Stone monuments stand forever, and are meant as eternal reminders. For example, located in Arlington, Virginia, Arlington National Cemetery honors those men and women who served in the Armed Forces. Currently, there are over 260,000 people buried in there and approximately 5,400 burials are conducted each year. Such memorials can also be seen as a way to resurrect a brushed reputation, and to be reconciled with other nations or groups of people. It’s a statement of taking responsibility of its own actions. Arlington National Cemetery Lincoln Memorial The statue depicts a woman escaping the chains of tyranny, which lie at her feet. The burning torch she holds represents liberty. The tablet is inscribed with the date "July 4, 1776". Near the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor is Ellis Island. This island served as an immigrant station and a temporary shelter for people coming to the U.S. from other countries. Between 1892 and 1954, approximately 12 million people passed through Ellis Island seeking refuge, freedom and opportunity. Statues and Memorials The Statue of Liberty Songs & Oaths The Pledge of Allegiance Mount Rushmore In the Black Hills of South Dakota, stands the national memorial, Mount Rushmore. It was designed as a testament to growth of the country and its great leaders. This wondrous carving depicts the 60-foot high faces of four great U.S. Presidents. They are: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln. The Pledge of Allegiance was first published in 1892 in The Youth's Companion magazine in Boston, Massachusetts to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America. It was first used in public schools to celebrate Columbus Day on October 12, 1892. The Pledge received official recognition by Congress on June 22, 1942. During the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key visited the British fleet in Chesapeake Bay to secure the release of Dr. William Beanes who had previously been captured. Key was held by the British overnight during the shelling of Fort McHenry. In the morning, Key was surprised to see an enormous American flag still flying proudly after the bombing. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson ordered that it be played at military and naval occasions. In 1931, the Star-Spangled Banner became our national anthem. The Star Spangled Banner Korean War Veterans Memorial Marine Corps War Memorial Statues and Memorials Washington Monument The Lincoln Memorial honors Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United State. It symbolizes his belief that all people should be free. The memorial is located on the National Mall in Washington, DC. Located in Washington, DC, at the western end of the National Mall, this structure honors the "Father of our Country," and the first president of the United States, George Washington. The Washington Monument towers over everything in Washington, DC and is one of the tallest masonry structures in the world. Fifty flags surround the base of the Washington Monument and symbolize the 50 states of the Union. The Dollar Bill The United States one-dollar bill is a denomination of United States currency. The first president, George Washington, is currently featured on the obverse, while the Great Seal of the United States is featured on the reverse. The current dollar bill design was created in 1963. 42% of currency produced today in the United States are one-dollar bills. The Space Shuttle The space shuttle was made to take astronauts and cargo to and from Earth orbit. The space shuttle normally takes as many as seven astronauts to and from space. It has launched satellites from its cargo bay. It's been a science laboratory while orbiting Earth.
The first space shuttle flight took place in 1981. The final launch took place in 2011. Another symbol not presented, but it just as significant are the citizens of the United States. All these symbols were created to serve or to represent, or to honor our people. U.S. citizens keep America up and running and a country would be nothing without its citizens.
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