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Seedtime of the Republic
Transcript of Seedtime of the Republic
Judeo/Christian biblical law
The first colonists, being Christians of the new and old testaments, integrated many ideas of Judeo-Christianity into the first founding documents of the U.S. From these principles derived the ideas of the equal practice of law, and a covenant that has influenced our constitutional structure.
Ideas of limited government had already been widely accepted in Britain, and were then carried over into the colonies. Such principles allowed for the limited power of monarchs and more power to the people. Colonists then became familiar with the practice of representative government, in which the people elect delegates, and not the king.
Through movements such as the Enlightenment, Colonists as well as those living in Britain began to challenge the ideas that monarchs has put in place. Ideologies such as divine right, or the right to rule given by God, were faced with a great amount of opposition as colonists began to consider different ways that governments can be made legitimate.
Philosophers such as John Lock, Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Charles-Louis de Montesquieu were the first of those to speak about government among the people. The spread of such ideas resulted in rights such as life, liberty, ownership of property, freedom, speech, and the practice of separating powers within government.