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Short Story Terms Glossary

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Vandeep Ghuman

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Short Story Terms Glossary

Short Story

Short Story-
Round Character-
Flat Character-
Static Character-
Dynamic Character-
Direct Characterization-
Indirect Characterization-
Internal Conflict-
External Conflict-
Rising Action-
Falling Action-
Resolution/ Denouement-
Point of View-
Dramatic Irony-
Verbal Irony-
Situational Irony-
For Example: "On The Sidewalk Bleeding"
is a short story
Is a short fiction in which in the main character is faced with an conflict that is resolved in the plot
A person that is a part of a story, movie, poem or play
For Example: Hermione Granger is a character
from a popular book series and movies
A character that is unique, original and has many character traits. This character`s personality is well thought out by the author.
For Example: Katniss Everdeen from the Hunger Games is a round character. Usually The main character in a story is a round character.
A character that is a stereotyped and doesn`t have many character traits. These characters usually help speed up the story.
For Example: Lavender Brown from the Harry Potter Series is a flat character
A character that does not change throughout the story.
For Example: Gale Hawthorne from the Hunger Games is a static charcter
A character that changes and is affected greatly throughout the story.
For Example: Beatrice Prior from Divergent is a dynamic character
Is how the stories author creates the characters. The author builds the characters through their actions, dialogues and what other characters say about them.
When characteristics of the character are stated in the text of the story by the author.
Is when the characteristics of the character are shown throughout the characters actions, feelings, thoughts, appearance and words.
The main character of the story and is the hero/good guy in the story (can be a person or force). This character is always a dynamic and round character.
For Example: Maya Delaney is the protagonist of the Darkness Rising Series.
The villain/bad guy in the story that is against the protagonist (can be a person or force). This character is always a static character.
For Example: Smaug the dragon was the antagonist in The Hobbit
When and where the story takes place.
For Example: Twilight took place in Forks
The problem or situation in which the two sides oppose each other. The conflict is resolved in the denouement of the story.
For Example: The conflict in The Hobbit was that the dwarfs wanted their gold and jewels back that were stolen by Smaug the dragon. They have to travel to the mountain where there gold lies under Smaug and defeat him to obtain it.
The conflict is between the character and him or herself.
For Example: The conflict in Borders was internal.
The conflict is between the main character and another character, technology, society, supernatural or society.
For Example: The conflict in Divergent was external
Many events that take place and related with each other that create the story.
The part of the story in which characters, conflicts and the setting are introduced.
A number of complications that occur when the main character chooses to resolve the conflict and then is faced with more problems.
The part of the story that has the highest of interest or suspense and is the turning point in the story. This is usually also the part where the main character makes a decision.
The events that take place after the conflict in the story and the part in which any remaining problems are resolved.
It is the ending of the story and it tells us how the situation becomes after the conflict is resolved.
The vantage point in which the character tells the story.
Types of P.O.V's:
- first person
- second person
- third person limited
- third person omniscient
The author’s message or main idea of the story.
When there is a scene that happened in the past that interrupts the present scene in the story. The scene that is shown from the past usually shows us something that is important and may help advance the plot.
Is when the author tries to add clues to give hints to the reader about what will happen next in the story.
An object, event or person that represents something but, also has a function that may not relate to what it represents.
Example: Scales
Function: weights objects
Represents: justice system
Involves a comparison between two things. One of the things is usually is an adjective while the other thing can be described by that adjective.
For Example: "Quite as a mouse."
A metaphor is like a simile but, without a comparison. It is when something is described as something that may not make sense.
For Example: "She is the apple of my eye.'
When you describe an inanimate thing or something that isn’t human with a human attribute or quality.
For Example: "The stars are dancing."
Is when you use words sarcastically and they mean the opposite of what they usually mean.
When the reader understands what is happening but, the characters don’t know about what is happening.
For Example: When Romeo kills himself thinking that Juliet is dead, when she is actually alive.
When someone writes or says something that means the opposite of what they usually mean.
When there is a situation involved that involves irony in which the actions effect is opposite of what was intended.
When you casually make a reference or mention something incidental either directly or implying it.
A part in the story where a decision will be made which excites the reader because they have no idea what might happen.
When the reader can picture a scene from the book in their mind.
Is a figure of speech in which two opposite words are put together for a self- contradictory effect.
For Example: "The Living Dead"; living and dead are opposites but are put together.
How the author writes the story with a feeling or the feeling someone incorporates in their voice when talking.
For Example: The tone can be serious, humorous, sad and etc.
How someone feels in the present moment.
For Example: He is angry.
Uses irony and sarcasm to show how foolishness in things such as humans, groups, governments and etc. It is usually used to prevent or change serious events and problems.
For Example: Satire can be used to mock politicians.
A statement or opinion that can actually be true or be accepted by many others.
When two or more words in the same sentence start with the same sound or letter.
I when you call a word what it actually sounds like.
For example: "Calling the wind a whistle." Since the wind sounds like a whistle.
Is when you add a description to something to exaggerate or emphasis it.
For Example: "I'm so hungry I could eat a horse."
"Dictionary Definitions You Can Understand - YourDictionary." Dictionary Definitions You Can Understand - YourDictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2013.
Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2013.
When you use a word or sentence humorously creating a play on words.
For Example: "The best way to communicate with a fish is to drop them a line."
"Example Articles & Resources." Examples on YourDictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2013.
Vandeep Ghuman
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