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Henry VIII's Foreign Policy
Transcript of Henry VIII's Foreign Policy
To resist the power of the enemies of England.
To dominate European politics. The Council was divided over what approach to take.
Clerics, Warham and Fox preferred a policy of peace as it was safer and significantly cheaper.
The Earl of Surrey, and old soldier, on the other hand resented the peace policies and encouraged war. Aim is to win honour and glory in war, especially against France;
meaning of the English word 'policy' - means fighting the French and conquering their territory Henry VII 's Foreign Policy Henry VII removed previous threats to England from neighbours and with fairly strong alliances.
Henry used marriages of family members to build relationships between countries. However these weren’t indissoluble if a death occurred in the family.
France still sheltered and supported Yorkist claimants.
England was only a minor power on the European scene and had very limited resources compared to other powers such as France. Henry VIII's approach to Foreign Policy Henry VII recognized the weakness of England relative to France and Spain, so he allied with Spain and avoided aggressive adventures in France.
The policy of pursuing good relations with Spain led to the Treaty of Medina del Campo in 1489 and the marriage of Prince Arthur to Catherine of Aragon (younger daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella) in 1499. Henry VIII was hungry for glory and wanted to assert himself as a powerful king on the European scene.
He wanted to emulate Henry V by winning back land in France and to assert his claim to the French throne. Successes 10,000 scots killed Including 3 Bishops King James IV was also killed Despite not being in the country at the time, the Battle of Flodden was extremely successful in defeating the Scots: He claimed the Battle of The Spurs as his military victory. He successfully increased the power of the Navy with the building of 18 new naval ships within the first six years of his reign, at the dockyard on the Thames. Successes Failures Failures Henry failed to achieve his primary goal, which was to recover the French Empire which had been conquered by Henry V. His resources were too small to help meet his high hopes of defeating the French, who in comparison had vast resources for use in war. Henry allowed himself to be manipulated by Ferdinand of Spain and Emperor Maximilian ion going to war with France however, they did not offer to help. Change or Continuity? Change Continuity For the first two years of his reign, he continued in the way of his Father by avoiding military engagement in war.
Henry continued to use Marriage Alliances in foreign policy:
Henry married Catherine of Aragon in 1509.
Mary married Louis XII of France in 1515. From 1512, Henry broke off from his Father's example, when he invaded France.
He continued this more confrontational approach throughout his reign. Henry VIII's Foreign Policy