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Transcript of Euthanasia
Bengu Naz Argument against euthanasia Cultural Aspects Religion Countries that allow euthanasia Mental state of the patient The"Slippery Slope" effect Going against the Hippocratic Oath Alternative treatments are available Ending unbearable pain Freedom of choice -
(right to commit suicide) Allows more medical units to be available for the current and forthcoming patients Arguments for euthanasia A soldier has their stomach blown open by a shell burst. They are in great pain and screaming in agony. They beg the army doctor to save their life. The doctor knows that they will die in ten minutes whatever happens. As he has no painkilling drugs with him he decides to spare the soldier further pain and shoots them dead. - this is also an example of involuntary euthanasia eg. providing medical care for young and promising patients rather than untreatable and old patients Many people worry that if voluntary euthanasia were to become legal, it would not be long before involuntary euthanasia would start to happen. This is called the slippery slope argument. "I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody if asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art." The patient who wants to be euthanized may not be in a decent mental state, so no conclusions can be drawn by relying on those patients' decisions Belgium
Luxembourg Euthanasia in Turkey What is euthanasia? Three ways of deciding euthanasia Two methods of euthanasia What Euthanasia is not The intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit with a doctors assistance. 1. Voluntary euthanasia: the person requests to be euthanized.
2. Involuntary euthanasia: the person who is euthanized made an expressed wish to the contrary.
3. Non-voluntary euthanasia: the person who is euthanized made no request or consent. Passive Euthanasia: intentionally causing death by not providing necessities of life and/or medical care.
Active Euthanasia: intentionally causing death by performing an action such as lethal injection. not starting treatment which is known to be ineffective in any way
not providing treatment that has been shown to be ineffective
not wanting to deal with very difficult cases
over dosing patients with pain-killers that may endanger life
not a way of suicide The person has the right to decide what to do with their own bodies. It is considered as a crime by the Catholics
Protestants take a more liberal view
In Islam it is forbidden
In Hinduism euthanasia is not practiced because its believed that it interferes with the cycle of death and rebirth.
Shintoists only agree with voluntary euthanasia. Against euthanasia Advertisement about euthanasia In Turkey active euthanasia is considered as murder, whereas passive euthanasia for patients that have brain death is authorized if the family members also agree. For euthanasia Bibliography Euthanasia: England. Care. London. CARE Euthanasia The Arguments For and Against Comments. By Care. N.p., 2010. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. <http://www.care.org.uk/advocacy/end-of-life/euthanasia-the-arguments-for-and-against>.
Hippocratic oath:Wikipedia. "Hippocratic Oath." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Dec. 2012. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippocratic_Oath>.
Tutor 2u. "Euthanasia and Ethical Theory." Euthanasia and Ethical Theory. Boston House, 27 Jan. 2009. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. <http://www.tutor2u.net/blog/index.php/religious-studies/comments/euthanasia-and-ethical-theory>.
BBC. "Voluntary and Involuntary Euthanasıa." BBC News. BBC, 2012. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/overview/volinvol.shtml>.
Weebly. "John Coppard - Against - Euthanasia: Mercy or Murder?" Euthanasia: Mercy or Murder? Weebly, 28 Nov. 2011. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. Knowledge issue Should euthanasia be legalized, and if so, under what circumstances is it ethical?
To what extent does culture play a role on the act of euthanasia? Ways of Knowing Emotion
Reason Real life example Ceyla Golcuklu Ceyla Golcuklu who was a Turkish celebrity suffered from pancreas cancer followed by brain death two years ago. After long debates, the final decision was to passively euthanize her. Areas of Knowledge Ethics
Natural sciences Real life example The John Coppard Case - Canada
Ill with brain cancer, John Coppard went through surgery, radiation and chemotherapy; afterwards he was not even sure he would live on nor be able to have children. At this precise moment, on the verge of despair, committing suicide appeared as an option. However because it was forbidden, he could not kill himself while he was “vulnerable”. In the end, a new drug was found and he could recover.
“I’m worried that legalizing assisted suicide would make it too easy for people — including doctors — to give up the fight for health and take a fast exit out of life.” John Coppard.
About the relatives
"I see elder abuse in my practice, often perpetrated by family members and caregivers, a desire for money or an inheritance is typical." John Coppard. Opinions and suggestions Doctors Family Government Family Euthanasia should only be carried out if brain death has occurred.
Government should always provide medical care and support for the citizens.
There should be a criteria for how many years should waited before euthanasia could be done on a patient. Real life example The Kelly Taylor Case - Britain
Having struggle all her life with a congenital heart defect and a spinal disorder, she has implored the doctors to end her pain with morphine. The law in Britain allows ease of pain, but not hastening death. Because her pain could not be eased, she argued she should be given whatever treatment, even if it shortened her life.
When she still met refusal, she stopped eating for 19 days and gave up.
"Enough is enough, I don't want to suffer any more. I'm not depressed - I've never been depressed. I am a happy person. But my illness is now at the point where I don't want to deal with it any more." Kelly Taylor.
Richard Taylor, her husband, also asked for the doctors to inject morphine. He understands that her pain of living is worse than his of loosing her.