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Transcript of Current Issues
What is your connection with the rest of the world?
Student task 1
The fa'a Samoa, or traditional Samoan way, remains a strong force in Samoan life and politics. Despite centuries of European influence, Samoa maintains its historical customs, social and political systems, and language. Cultural customs such as the Samoa 'ava ceremony are significant and solemn rituals at important occasions including the bestowal of matai chiefly titles. Items of great cultural value include the finely woven 'ie toga.
Some Samoans are spiritual and religious, and have subtly adapted the dominant religion of Christianity to 'fit in' with fa'a Samoa and vice versa. Ancient beliefs continue to co-exist side-by-side with Christianity, particularly in regard to the traditional customs and rituals of fa'a Samoa. The Samoan culture is centred around the principle of vāfealoa'i, the relationships between people. These relationships are based on respect, or fa'aaloalo.
Some Samoans live a communal way of life, participating in activities collectively. Examples of this are the traditional Samoan fale (houses) which are open with no walls, using blinds made of coconut palm fronds during the night or bad weather.
Tell class about the Priest, his daughter, the man who sells soft drinks and the Pig..!
Shrovetide Football 2016
Globalization is a relatively new term used to describe a historical process that began with humans moving out of Africa to spread all over the world.
As communication and transportation become faster and more extensive, connecting more people, the world seemingly gets smaller.
The key features in contemporary globilzation are instantaneous communication and satellite television. As globilzation makes the world smaller, cultures that were once relatively distant and insulated from one another are increasingly coming into contact.
Worksheet 1.2 Globalization
Navigating our global future
Globalization = interconnectedness between nations and cultures can be traced throughout history.
For the past 500 years different representatives of Western civilization have occupied other continents.
People are connected through various means. Many people migrate between nations to study and work.
The internet connects us all. Good/bad?
This process of globalization is uneven, those who can afford to travel and those who cannot, lack of transportation, inability to communicate. Large numbers of people marginalized excluded.
McDonald's and Globalization
McDonald's in Apia, Samoa
Traditional Fale in Samoa
Read the article on McDonalds and globalization
What can you notice about McDonalds?
Think about the staff, the layout of the restaurant, the food on offer..
What does this tell you? What is the purpose of this?
Culture and rituals
Why is there a McDonalds in Samoa?
Ideal Male Body type, Size and Symbolic Power
Read the article 'The Sambia Of Papua New Guinea' (Herdt 1982) and then‘ Globalisation: Football and Rituals of Modernity’
Compare and contrast the two pieces of information, can football be described as ritualistic?
History of football
Training the body in Sport (Wacquant 2004)
Humans have a basic anatomy, and there are limits to what the body can do; for example, it cannot be trained to fly. Participating in physical activities produces positive hormone changes that result in feelings of wellbeing. In more competitive sports and activities an adrenaline rush can be felt indicating a further pleasurable feeling.
In Western cultures sports are valued and form a way for people to gain self-esteem. Wacquant used participant observation to study boxing culture in the deprived area of Woodlawn on the South side of Chicago, USA. He spent three years as an amateur boxer and joined the gym with the other boxers.
In his study many young men from disadvantaged backgrounds in society saw boxing as a way of doing something with their lives. They experienced problems with racism and stereotypes and they perceived boxing and sport as a way out of the ‘ghetto’.
Case Study: Mike Tyson – Research Mike Tyson’s life and write 500 words on it. Forum on Moodle.
Body preferences in males:
Men tend to aspire to a muscular shape characterized by well-developed upper body muscles and a slim waist and hips. These attributes are preferred because it may symbolize health, economic success, political power and social status. The spiritual power (mana) and noble breeding of a Polynesia Chief are also expected to be reflected in his large physical size.
What other countries or cultures prefer 'Big-men'
What are the preferences for females?
How can sport equalize these images and perceptions? Does it? Does it encourage them?