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Life of Pi
Transcript of Life of Pi
(Superego) Free-Floating Ego The drastic changes in an environment or a situation moulds an individual into thinking and acting in a particular way that they were not accustomed before the situation has occurred. (Rabiner, May 2013) Assessing the three parts of Sigmund Freud’s complex of the Human Psyche: the Id, Superego, and Ego. Thesis: What is the drastic environmental change that occurred to Pi? BRAIN STORM As a result.... Wake up Survive Sleep "Several times I started bringing the hatchet down, but I couldn't complete the action. Such sentimentalism may seem ridiculous considering what I had witnessed in the last days, but those were the deeds of others, of predatory animals. A lifetime of peaceful vegetarianism stood between me and the willful beheading of a fish." (202) "I put the hatchet down. I would break its neck, I decided. I imagined what it would feel like if I were wrapped in a blanket and someone were trying to break my neck." (202 - 203) "Yet I knew it had to be done..." (203) "I wept heartily over this poor little deceased soul." (203) "I was now a killer" (203) "I was now guilty as Cain." (203) Sigmund Freud Austrian neurologist
Founded the discipline of psychoanalysis
Best known for theories of the unconscious mind and the mechanism of repression.
Established sexual drives as the primary motivational forces of human life.
For example: Oedipus complex
Denotes the emotions and ideas that the mind keeps in the unconscious, via dynamic repression, that concentrates upon a child's desire to sexually possess the parent of the opposite sex (e.g. males attracted to their mothers, whereas females are attracted to their fathers). May 6, 1856 - September 23, 1939 Let me ask you a What do you think is the Unconscious? question Thanks to my boy dictionary.com Sooo.... what does conscious mean? hint: hint: hint: hint: hint: hint: hint: Opposite of unconscious hint: hint: hint: 1. aware of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc. 2. having the mental faculties fully active 3. known to oneself; felt: conscious guilt. 4. aware of what one is doing Conscious: 3. Occurring in the absence of conscious awareness or thought Unconscious 4. Without conscious control; involuntary or unintended: an unconscious mannerism. 2. Temporarily lacking consciousness. 1. Lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception EGO SUPEREGO ID Id: The id is the unconscious portion of the mind which is responsible for satisfying one’s basic needs An instinctual drive that is largely dominated by the pleasure principle We are born with Id Id wants whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation. Ego: The conscious structure which operates on the reality principle to mediate the forces of the id. Within the next three years, the baby's personality begins to develop; their ego. It's ego's job to meet the needs of the id, while taking into consideration the reality of the situation. Superego: Serves as an internal censor to regulate our conduct by using guilt as a powerful weapon. Stores the 'shoulds' and have-tos' which we absorb in the process of growing up under the influence of authority, parents, teachers, bosses, priests, society. Tells us we are 'good' when we do good actions and tells us we are bad which makes us feel guilty when we do bad actions. So what's the connection? Id Ego Superego Conscious Unconscious Preconscious Fears Violent Motives Unacceptable Sexual Desires Selfish Needs Shameful Experiences Immoral Urges Memories Stored Knowledge Thoughts Perceptions “I think I set world records for sawing open the belly shells of turtles.” (249) “Plan Number Seven: Keep Richard Parker Alive” (183). “He met evil in me – selfishness, anger, ruthlessness. I must live with that” (Martel 345). Pi’s situation can surely be deemed more than extraordinary but what is the psychological reason for his desertion of his morals? “The basic principle is that once the needs of the one level are met, the individual strives for the next level of needs” (Maslow). Would you ignore your morals like Pi in order to satisfy your basic needs? Works Cited: 1) Martel, Yann. Life of Pi. Toronto: Vintage Canada. 2001. Print 2) “Freud’s Structural and Topographical Models of Personality.” AllPsychOnline. 21 Mar. 2004. 27 May. 2013. 3) Maslow, Abraham. “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.” Psychology – the Search for Understanding. 1987. Print. "You are so bored you sink into a state of apathy close to a coma." (241) Pi starts talking to himself... "The words came again, 'is someone there?' I concluded that i had gone mad. Sad but true. Misery loves company, and madness calls forth." (269) Who is the Blind Frenchman? Pi on the brink of starvation and guilt, could have imagined the blind Frenchman. "Do you hear me? I am Piscine Molitor Patel, known to all as Pi Patel! What? Is someone there? Yes, someone's here!" (276) "Richard Parker ripped the flesh off the man's frame and cracked his bones. The smell of blood filled my nose. Something in me died then that has never come back to life." (283) Did he actually kill and eat the Blind Frenchman or was it his mind playing tricks on him?