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History of ICT


Axel Kittenberger

on 26 June 2013

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Transcript of History of ICT

History of ICT
One World ... One Telephone: The Iridum Satellite Venture and the Global Age
Martin Collins
66 Low-Earth Orbit satellites
largest private capital investement
space venture for decades
technical culture
polictal culture
End of cold war
Rooted in gov. projects
global market ethos of 1990s
legitmizaion of policies of deregulation
belief in global communication technologies -> liberal values/autonomy
Construction of the concept, "the global"
interaction of tech, market, ideoogy, politics, military
Elite technology, not "bottom up"
1. Transition from Cold War to post*
But US/military interest, creating global
2. Global: controlling entire planet by tech.
for military/markets
3. Two "globals", military and markets
Scientific Origins and Legacies of the Internet
Janett Abatte
Origin of the internet (ARPANET)
"from scientists for scientists" (users tech-savy)
sharing of data/ressources (save costs)
(tool for research -> object of research)
(openness to innovation)
Conflicts & Policy Issues
1980s controlled by National Science Foundation

military disliked experimental
character -> creation of MILNET

1980s debattes of openess of internet standards

commercialisation of the internet -> Internet2
Future of the internet
determined by strongest actors
Suggestions for scientists:
1. Design projects on appropritate technology (include local users)
2. Build on existing professional networks.
3. Particapte in public debate on the future of the Internet.
Brazil in the Information Society
Celse Candio
Information Society (post-industrial, post-capital)
commercialization of PCs, internet (freemarket)
Brazil, "protected market" 1977-19991
30 million computers (65% black market)
specifics of Brazil
Internet use:
Research (curriculum on web)
Taxes, Voting process
Internet spread:
1996: 2 Million users
2000: 10 Million users
2007: 30 Million users
Enormous digital divide:
Brazil: high social exclusion
high concentration of wealth

-> "digital inclusion" projects
[knowledge = infrastructural base of production
need for a model for the age of the "digital neolithic"
Open Source: Synergies in ICT Education and Research
Mikael Snaprud
European Internet Accessibility Observatory (EIAO)
A case for OpenSource:
Course for Web mining and Data Analysis.
Benefits from using Open Source in education:
Students get a view what is "going under the hood"
Facilities the collaboration with enterprises&authorities.
Involve the Open Source community in research-based-education!
definition of research proposals on Open Source policy
workshops with clear focus on Open Source
close cooperation with companies using Open Source
improvement of studen porject documentation
Ch. 3 Shrum et al. (Pp. 33-45) Duque, R., M. Collins, J. Abbate, C. Candido and M. Snaprud 2007. History of Information and Communication Technology, in W. Shrum, K. Benson, W. Bijker and K. Brunnstein (Eds) Past, Present & Future of Research in the Information Society. Springer.
"An organic understanding Internet of the Internet's potential and constraints as a developmental agent"
> Internet as a global agent of power
> historical conflict in openness between scientific&political cultures.
> imperative of creationg local capacity = "technological cannibalism"? Do reduce digital divides -> social divide
> maintained optimism circumvented by other speaker. Legacy of diversity and inclusion
Full transcript