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Treaties: Grade 7 & 8

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chris brennan

on 8 February 2014

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Transcript of Treaties: Grade 7 & 8

Who was involved in the Treaties?
There was conflict with the Government of Canada and the First Nations peoples. There was issues over :

Land rights.
Hunting rights.
Fishing right.
Education rights.
Medical rights.
Why are treaties a long and difficult process?
The Europeans and First Nations' rights are to be valued.
There was a big issue over Written Vs. Spoken agreements.
Every Treaty was different:
A treaty is a formal agreement between two or more groups of people.
Treaties are often made when there is conflict in an area and certain rights need to be defined.
Treaty coats
Treaty background for First Nations
Most treaties reflected the self sufficient lifestyle of the First Nations' peoples.
The Europeans:
Treaties are numbered in Canada:
We are all "Treaty People"
We all lived on treaty land in Saskatchewan and are effected by the agreements of the land.
There is usually a written document that outlines the agreement.
We are on Treaty 4 in Regina
It was a very long, and difficult process to create these treaties.
Both sides have different ideas about what they want to be outlined in the treaty.
The Europeans were the ones writing the treaties because they had more force and power.
Sometimes the rights of the group would go in favor of the Europeans because they had the final say.
Some promises were made orally about certain issues, but never written down.
If the promise was not written down, then it was not a promise or agreement.
Agreement on the Treaty:

"Each family of 5 covered by Treaty 4 would receive 2.5 square km of land, which they could sell back to the Government of Canada for compensation. Each person received $5 a year and a gift of clothing. A chief would receive $25 immediately plus an additional $25 per year, along with a coat and a silver medal. Every three years, a chief would receive a new suit of clothing. Four people of each band would also receive $15 a year and a new suit of clothing every three years. The people would also receive farming tools, and $750 annually for gunpowder, shot, bale and fishing net twine. Each reserve would get a school when they desired a teacher. The people would also have the right to hunt and fish on all ceded land, except that land used for agriculture, forestry, mining, or on any land that was settled". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_4
The government was concerned with the land because they wanted to build the
transcontinental railway.
Based on landscape and the needs of the group.
Northern Saskatchewan treaties were more concerned with hunting and fishing rights
Whereas, lower Saskatchewan was more about education and living arrangements
Treaties are an agreement between a group of people
Treaties divided up the land, and all treaties are a little bit different
The government wanted the land to build the transcontinental railway.
The First Nations wanted their traditions are rituals to be respected.
There was conflict between written vs. spoken agreements.
Full transcript