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AS History-Weimar Germany

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by

Ian Da

on 3 October 2015

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Transcript of AS History-Weimar Germany

Economic and social tensions
Foreign Policy
"In one word: We wish to throw no one into the shade, but we demand our own place in the sun."
Tensions arise!
Nationalism
The Impact of First World War on Germany
Germans were very proud and its people were some of the most talented and educated in Europe.
People began to be influenced by
Social Darwinism
. The idea Germany in order to survive had to get "rid" of weak aspects in the country, this included Gypsies, Jews and more.
Growth of Anti-Semitism.
Foreign policy of '
Weltpolitk
' was adopted by Kaiser Wilhelm II, overseas colonies in Africa.
The Germans hoped for a quick victory against the Allies . 1914- The Schlieffen plan failed.
1916-Generals Ludendorff and Hidenburg create a military dictatoriship.
1917- Radicals opposed to the war break with the SPD and form the USD.
1918- Ludendorff Offensive fails.

$1.25
Pre-1918, 1918 to 1933
The policitcal Structure of the Second Reich 1871-1918
1918 Political Structure
Headline 5
AS History-Weimar Germany
Kaiser(Emperor)
Herditary Monarch
Appointed/Dismessed Goverment
Could dissolve Reichstag
Controlled army
Believed in Divine Right of Kings
Supported policy of Weltpolitik
Abdicated in 1918 after Germany looses war
Goverment:Chancellor and others
Appinted/Dismissed Kaiser
Proposed new laws to Reichstag
Reichstag
Deputies elected by electorate
Could agree or reject laws proposed by Kaiser(but Kaiser had final say)
Could not remove govermnet or chancellor
Summons/Dismisses
Appoints
Reichstrat
Assembley of ambassodors(26 states)
Had veto on laws proposed by Reichstag
Elects
Political Parties
SPD Social Democratic Party
Centre party( Catholics)
Electorate
Men over 25 could vote for Reichstag
No statement of individual rights

Semi-Absolotuist
When there is one main ruler but aspects of democracy.
The Second Reich was not a parliamentary goverment. The reichstag did NOT control the goverment.
The expanding working class(
proletariat
) lent their support to the SPD.
SPD demanded

poltical reform
(improving the laws in accordance with the expectaticion from the public).
Kaiser and
Junkers
hostile to reform.
Those at the top fearful of socialist revolotuion.
Full transcript