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Copy of The Constitution

All three parts: Preamble, Articles, and Amendments

Randy Edgar

on 30 August 2018

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Transcript of Copy of The Constitution

photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr
The Constitution
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union,
establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common
defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to
ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the
United States of America.
The preamble was actually a brief introduction to the rest of the Constitution. It said that the document was written by people, and that the Union would be better under the Constitution than under the Articles. Other than that, the States would need a government of some sort to protect from all the Indians and possibly warring countries abroad. Also, the U.S. citizens didn't want another monarchy, but then again, the Articles had failed, so the type of government going to be made would be federal.
Why the Preamble was put into the Constitution
Sets up the executive branch; it also defines how the president and vice president are elected
Sets up the legislative branch in government/ Congress(made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate)
Article 1
Article 2
Sets up and gives power to the judicial branch
Also mentions Treason, punishable by Death
Article 3
Gives directions on how to admit new states to the Union and tells the relationship between the states and the national government
Article 4
It States: that to add an amendment or change to the Constitution, two-thirds of both houses in the Congress have to agree
Article 5
No one is above the law, including the president
Article 6
Article 7
Once the Constitution is ratified by at least 9 states, it takes effect
Amendment 1
Freedom of speech, Press, Religion, Petition, Assembly
right to bear arms
Amendment 2
no soldier will be quartered without the consent of the owner
Amendment 3
Search and seizure
search warrant, Probable Cause
Amendment 4
Your Rights when arrested
Miranda Rights
Remain Silent & Double Jeopardy
Amendment 5
Amendment 6
Amendment 8
Citizenship rights Due Process Clause,
the Equal Protection Clause,
Amendment 14
Amendment 9
Government gets its powers from states and people
Amendment 10
Limits judicial powers
Amendment 11
How to choose the president and vice president
Amendment 12
Slavery abolished 1865
Amendment 13
The right to vote can't be denied, even through race, color, etc.
Amendment 15
Gives Congress the power to lay taxes on income
Amendment 16
Senators elected by popular vote
Amendment 17
Alcohol abolished
Amendment 18
Women get the right to vote
Amendment 19
Explains the presidential terms, congressional terms, and who to appoint as president if the president dies
Amendment 20
Amendment 18 repealed (alcohol is allowed)
Amendment 21
Presidential term limits (limits to 2 terms per president)
Amendment 22
The Representatives and the Senate vote for the president in DC
Amendment 23
Amendment 24
Presidential succession
Amendment 25
Voting age set to 18
Amendment 26
Limits changes to congressional salaries $$$$
Amendment 27
Amendment 7
Rights when you go to court, Jury Trial Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses
Trial by Jury in Civil Cases
No excessive bail imposed, nor is there any cruel/unusual punishment
Poll tax abolished
The Bill of Rights was not included in the 1787 Constitution.

The first ten amendments (Bill of Rights) were ratified on December 15, 1791
The First Amendment allows citizens to express and to be exposed to a wide range of opinions and views.

It was intended to ensure a free exchange of
ideas even if the ideas are unpopular.
"A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed."
Major Principles in the Constitution
What is the significance of the Six Big Ideas in the Constitution historically and for Americans today? The Seven Big Ideas are:
popular sovereignty
separation of powers
limited government
Individual rights
checks and balances
Why is the constitution so important?
Why is is consided the model for freedom and democracy?
Why does it inspire so many to quest for our country?
Fun Quiz:
The electors would pick two of these candidates, one for President and one for Vice President.
rights other than the ones listed in the Constitution
are retained by the
1st Amendment video
Should it be changed?
Re-write the first

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion,
or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Snyder v. Phelps
Therefore, the Court held that the Phelps and his followers were "speaking" on matters of public concern on public property and thus, were entitled to protection under the First Amendment.

Constitutional Convention
In May of 1787 the Constitutional Convention gathered to discuss changes to the Articles of the Confederation.
a new Constitution was needed
A primary aim of the Constitution was to create a government that would be powerful enough to run the country, but would not impose on people's or state's rights.

To avoid too much power being held by one person or group, they created the Balance of Power between the three branches of government: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial.

In Trump's administration, here's the full line of succession.

Vice President Mike Pence
Speaker of the House Paul Ryan
Senate President Pro Tempore Orrin Hatch
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson
Secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin
Secretary of Defense James Mattis
Attorney General Jeff Sessions
Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke
Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue
Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross
Secretary of Labor Alexander Acosta
Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Ben Carson
Secretary of Transportation Elaine Chao
Secretary of Energy Rick Perry
Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos
Secretary of Veterans Affairs David Shulkin
Secretary of Homeland Security John Kelly
Full transcript