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Fidel Castro - Economic Policies
Transcript of Fidel Castro - Economic Policies
Castro decided to enforce
policies: Economic Facts on Cuba: Prior to Fidel's Reign GDP: Approximately 1.4 USD
High Unemployment Rate
Illiteracy Rate: 40%
Traded Only to America After ceasing power from Batista, the revolution against the class system immediately began with waves of revolutionary reforms sweeping across Cuba. The first of such was... The First Agrarian Reform Law demanded the division of 'unused land' amongst people of all class. The Government (led by Fidel) immediately expropriated large estates and companies; including many owned by the U.S Government. To which America responded negatively. With the financial instability Cuba was experiencing which was further impacted by the US stopping trade with Cuba's sugar; on 1962 Fidel agreed with Khrushchev to build a missile launch pad within Cuba. Benefits Gave Cuba financial stability
Improved public relations between Cuba + The Soviet Union
(Establishing trade between the two)
Provided protection against USA Disadvantages Created tension between USA and Cuba
One of Cuba's largest source of income (from America) was withdrawn as a result
US government refused to send technicians required to run Cuba's economy. Conclusion Eventually, Cuba retracted all missiles within the launch space when threatened by the US of a nation-wide invasion; after a naval blockade threatened the destruction of the site + Cuba. Although the US's decision to dismantle missile's situated in Cuba avoided a potentially destructive WW3; Cuba's economy suffered as a result. Diplomatic relations between both the Soviet Union & USA affected trade. 2, Cuban Missile Crisis 1, First Agrarian Reform Law 3, Literacy Campaign Before the campaign, statistics showed that 41.7% of people in the countryside were illiterate. Education was limited to the rich and was not accessible to all. Castro knew that education was key to locking down well-paid jobs; he decided that he needed to tackle education in order to better the communism community that Cuba is. Approxiamately 1,000,000 people were directly involved (composed of students and teachers) FIDEL: YOU WILL TEACH AND YOU WILL LEARN THE GOOD With Statistics showing many positives, many of the actual teaching methods weren't so positive. Many of the instructional texts used during the Literacy Campaign to teach the illiterate focused on the history of the Revolution and contained one-sided strong political messages about the Revolution. Teaching methods were questionable, for example, when teaching young children the English alphabet volunteers used phonetics to aid them in their learning. Using phonetics such as: R for Rifle, F for Fidel, C for Castro etc.
This teaching method was accusable of indoctrination; which was done to strengthen the public idea of the Revolution. THE BAD The Stats: Percentage of children enrolled in school:
1986: 99% Literacy Rate:
By 1962: 96% could read