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Literary Explorations

Big Idea: The Journey, Monomyth

Cynthia Russell-Williams

on 28 October 2011

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Transcript of Literary Explorations

Literary Explorations:
the monomyth
the hero's journey 1 3 6 9 12 2 4 5 7 8 10 11 Ordinary World: Departure "Limited Awareness of the World" Call to Adventure "Increased Awareness" Refusal of the Call "Reluctance to Change" Ordinary World: Meeting With the Mentor "Overcoming Reluctance" Special World: Crossing the Threshold "Committing to Change" Special World: Tests, Allies, Enemies "Experimenting With the First Change" Special World: Approach the Innermost Cave "Preparing for the Big Change" Special World: Ordeal "Attempting a Big Change" Special World: Reward/Seizing the Sword "Consequences of the Attempt: improvements, setbacks" Ordinary World: Road Back "Rededication to Change" Ordinary World: Resurrection "Final Attempt at a Big Change" Ordinary World: Return with the Elixir "Final Mastery of the Problem" http://www.readwritethink.org/
files/resources/interactives/herosjourney/ http://orias.berkeley.edu/hero/ http://www.theoi.com/ http://www.pbs.org/mythsandheroes/
myths_archetypes.html The monomyth can be traced in these screen play synopses for "Star Wars" (1977) and "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone" (2001) the shorter (2:53) version. the longer (7:18) version... "The monomyth is the cyclical journey undertaken by the standard mythological hero as described by Joseph Campbell in his book The Hero With a Thousand Faces. The core concept of the monomyth is: 'A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow men.'

The pattern of the monomyth can be found in more contemporary mythology as well. The pattern was followed by George Lucas in the original Star Wars trilogy (and followed more loosely in the prequel trilogy.) Other examples of the monomyth cycle are Disney's The Lion King in 1994 and Larry Wachowski's The Matrix in the 2000s."
or http://www.clickok.co.uk/index4.html http://www.mythologyteacher.com/The-Hero%27s-Journey.php http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/story-epic-proportions-what-makes-poem-epic Some further thoughts... Where will your journey take you? RL.9-10.1. Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
RL.9-10.2. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
RL.9-10.5. Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise.

RL.9-10.6. Analyze a particular point of view or cultural experience reflected in a work of literature from outside the United States, drawing on a wide reading of world literature. RL.9-10.7. Analyze the representation of a subject or a key scene in two different artistic mediums, including what is emphasized or absent in each treatment (e.g., Auden’s “Musée des Beaux Arts” and Breughel’s Landscape with the Fall of Icarus).
RL.9-10.9. Analyze how an author draws on and transforms source material in a specific work (e.g., how Shakespeare treats a theme or topic from Ovid or the Bible or how a later author draws on a play by Shakespeare).
Common Core State Standards The Big Idea: Once we understand and can identify patterns within literature, it is possible to develop a deeper understanding of commonalites in the human experience. Beowulf Buddha Gilgamesh Odysseus 9th-10th grade level

Rationale: I have designed this resource as a way to show students that literature (both the reading and the composing) is a shared experience among all humans. While not all literature fits into the monomyth or hero's journey mold, many parallels can be made to help students make sense of complex literature. By developing an understanding of the monomyth or the hero's journey through picture books, children's and young adult literature, students are prepared to explore more complicated writing while making connections between themselves and the world around them. Objectives:
Students will recognize and identify the elements of the monomyth or the steps in the hero's journey in a variety of literature.
Students will make connections between a classical work and a contemporary work by analyzing the monomyth in each work.
Students will utilyze the information about the monomyth and the hero's journey to make connections and draw inferences about the human condition. http://www.idea-sandbox.com/blog/2011/04/next-presentation-take-your-audience-on-a-heros-journey/ Two Videos: http://www.huffenglish.com/?p=1283 Grimm's Fairy Tales The Heroine's Journey The Hero With a Thousand Faces teaching resources
to explore Epic poems such as Beowulf, the Odyssey and the Iliad are staples in the ELA classroom. By identifying and analyzing patterns in these poems, students will begin to see that the hero’s journey or monomyth can be found in many works of literature.
What makes a poem epic?
How can we correlate heroes in different poems and what does this mean about their authors?
What qualities must a poem have in order to be considered epic?
What qualities do the heroes in epic poetry share? Why is this so? Kate is a successful high school senior who suddenly experiences ego-crushing failure and loss. She begins an emotional journey that takes her away from all that is sane and predictable but teaches her an important life lesson.
(IR) - Create a book trailer using moviemaker.
How does Kate initially cope with not being accepted to MIT? What stage of the hero’s journey does this fall into?
While Kate’s journey is more psychological than literal, how does she travel from one stage to the next?
How does failure serve as Kate’s “catalyst”?
How are obstacles often the change needed for people to grow emotionally? This website gives a thorough overview of the classical Greek myths and the archetypes that are based upon these stories. By studying these myths of the Greek gods, students can develop a solid foundation to build their understanding of archetypes and the monomyth in contemporary literature
(SGR) - Create an illustrated encyclopedia of the heroes fornd in the website
What are the qualities of a Greek hero?
In what ways do myths connect each individual, regardless of time or place, to the rest of humankind?
How can knowledge and understanding of myths increase and deepen our understanding of diverse people and their literary works?
Why is mythology important? Cameron is a classic slacker; motivated by nothing but his own lack of ambition. Eclectic to the core, Cameron prefers to annoy those around him rather than make friends or bond with his family. However connections are what he needs when Cameron learns that he has mad cow disease. He embarks on a journey that will bring him to a cure or to the end of the world.
(SGR) - groups produce a map of Cameron and Gonzo's "journey" using Googlittrips
How does Cameron show qualities of the epic hero?
What important life lesson can we learn from Cameron’s journey?
What of the end goal isn’t the end goal? What if it is about how we live when we can? How could Cameron change if he knew how the journey would end? Hero's Journey - ReadWriteThink. (n.d.). Homepage - ReadWriteThink. Retrieved May 4, 2011, from <http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/student-interactives/hero-journey-30069.html>
This is an excellent resource for teachers looking to bring an interactive element to their unit on the monomyth or the hero’d journey. It allows students to develop an understanding while creating their own hero’s journey tale.
(RPR) - teams of students create a hero and design a storyboard from the new "her's jounrney"
What will your hero’s essential qualities be?
How will you make your journey an ordeal for your hero?
What is the goal? Is it internal or external?
What is the lesson that you want your readers to learn? Monomyth Website, ORIAS, UC Berkeley. (n.d.). ORIAS Home Page. Retrieved May 4, 2011, from <http://orias.berkeley.edu/hero/>
This website is devoted to analyzing the monomyth. Teachers should use this resource themselves or encourage students to explore its pages for understanding.
(IR) - create a soundtrack for the movie version and explain song choices
What is the monomyth?
What are the steps of the hero’s journey?
How are the journey stories told around the world related?
What do these common characteristics say about human civilization? Speare, E. G. (1961). The bronze bow. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Daniel bar Jamin is a young man who is consumed with anger at the Romans who crucified his father. He spends his life devising ways to drive the Romans from his homeland, Israel. Daniel is solely focused revenge and bloodshed until he learns of the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.
(IR) - Create a "mini" epic poem about Daniel's journey
This biblically based hero’s journey deals with the themes of revenge and atonement; how does this fir into the monomyth pattern?
Daniel’s rage is overwhelming at the start of this novel; how does his journey change his character?
What role does Jesus of Nazareth play in Daniel’s journey? Creech, S. (1994). Walk two moons. New York: HarperCollins.
Salamanca is a young girl whose grandparents take her across the country to find the mother who had left her behind to go on a spiritual journey. While traveling, Salamanca tells the parallel story of Phoebe Winterbottom as a way to cope with the realization of her mother’s abandonment.
(IR) - keep a journal from Salamanca's grandmother's point of view as she drives Salamanca across country to find her mother.
How is Salamanca an embodiment of a hero?
What is Salamanca searching for and what does she find?
What role does Phoebe Winterbottom play?
At the end of the novel, Salamnca comes to a realization. How has Salamanca’s jouney been psychological as well as physical? Rumford, J. (2007). Beowulf, a hero's tale retold. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
This graphic novel of the Anglo-Saxon epic poem tells a classic hero’s jouney. Beowulf must defeat Grendel and his mother in order to save the people of Heorot Hall.
(RA) - Create a book trailer for this epic using a movie maker.
What makes Beowulf a classic hero?
What lesson is illustrated in this hero’s journey?
What role is Grendels’ mother playing?
What are some of Beowulf’s flaws? Vaughan, B. K., Henrichon, N., & Klein, T. (2006). Pride of Baghdad. New York: DC Comics.
This contemporary tale of the journey to freedom based loosely on a true story about an escaped pride of lions from the Baghdad Zoo. The lions must decide whether to stay in the safety of their prison or risk death for freedom. To do this, the leader must bring his family to a place of safety while avoiding many pitfalls.
(IR) - Create a soundtrack for this book, explaining your song choices
How do the lions follow the elements of the hero’s journey?
Obvious parallels are made to the Iranian people under Saddam Hussein’s rule; what choices must be made in order to survive?
The bear is a parallel to which archetypal character? The old lioness also plays a specific role; what is her archetypal character parallel? McDermott, G. (1972). Anansi the spider; a tale from the Ashanti. ([1st ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
This traditional Ashanti folk tale from Ghana tells of the journey that Anansi the Spider, the trickster, must make. He is faced with many obstacles, but each of his sons helps him as the hurdle arises.
(IR) - create a picture book about another journey themed folk tale.
What roles do each of the sons play in this hero’s journey?
Is Anansi the classic hero? What qualities does he carry?
What are the steps in Anansi’s journey that correlate with the monomyth? Brooke, S. R. (2003). The Lion King. Lincolnwood, Ill.: Publications International.
Simba is the heir to the king of the lions. However, a greedy and evil uncle changes the course of Simba’s life. In exile, Simba learns of the truth behind his father’s fate and must return home to save his family.
(RA) - write a compare contrast essay about this book and another epic journey such as "Hamlet"
What choices does Simba have when he learns of his family’s fate?
Simba avoids his task at first. Why does he change his mind?
Simba’s journey requires him to be more brave than he thinks he can be? How do his friends help him?
What roles do all of the characters play in this hero’s journey? Yolen, J. (1992). Briar Rose. New York: T. Doherty Associates.
A retelling of the Sleeping Beauty fairy tale, this story focuses on Rebecca Berlin who travels to Poland to find information about the stories she heard from her grandmother, Gemma. Gemma’s stories lead Rebecca on a search that brings her back to the Holocaust while paralleling with the story of Briar Rose, the Sleeping Beauty.
(IR) - Create a list of other books that have "retold" famous fairytales
What qualities does Rebecca possess that make her a hero?
How does Gemma’s storytelling serve as the catalyst for Rebecca’s journey?
What is the goal that Rebecca is trying to reach? Is it internal or external? Jacobson, S., & Colon, E. (2010). Anne Frank: the Anne Frank House authorized graphic biography. New York: Hill and Wang.
This graphic novel tells the story of Anne Frank , the famous young woman whose diary became a classic tale of survival and emotional freedom during the Holocaust. While Anne’s journey is not physical, it is deeply personal and emotional as she writes about her time hiding in the annex that will become her personal prison.
(IR) - Rewrite the last 5 panels of the graphic novel
How do we create our own cages mentally as well as physically?
How responsible are we for our neighbors?
Is forgiveness always possible?
How can we live beyond our boundaries? Byrd, R. (2005). The hero and the minotaur: the fantastic adventures of Theseus. New York: Dutton Children's Books.
This graphic novel illustrates the hero, Theseus, and his adventures into the labyrinth. He must use his cunning and his strength to overcome the minotaur. With the help of a beautiful princess, Ariadne, Theseus vows to conquer the minotaur and save the children of Athens.
(RA) - Create a map of the labyrinth that also illustrates specific events.
What qualities does Theseus have that make him a hero?
If Theseus is so smart and strong, why does he need Ariadne to help him?
Is it Theseus strength or smarts that overcome the minotaur?
How is this story an example of the hero’s journey? Twain, M., Bradley, S., Beatty, R. C., Long, E. H., & Cooley, T. (1977). Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: an authoritative text, backgrounds and sources, criticism (2d ed.). New York: Norton.
Samuel Clemens classic tale of friendship is a prime example of the hero’s journey. Huck and Jim must travel through across many obstacles in their attempt to reach their goal.
(SGR) - If Huck and Jim lived today, what would be there road trip music? Create a song list with explanations.
How does Huck and Jim’s relationship illustrate the hero’s journey?
What role do Aunt Polly and Pa play in this novel?
What qualities does the boy, Huck, have that make him the hero of this story? Zeman, L. (1992). Gilgamesh the king. Montreal, Quebec: Tundra Books.
This epic tale tells of the heroic deeds of Gilgamesh accompanied by his closest friend, the Wildman Enkidu. After Enkidu’s death, Gilgamesh starts a journey to find immortality.
(RA) - Write the eulogy that Gilgamesh would speak at Enkidu's funeral.
What role does Enkidu play in the epic tale?
Gilgamesh is not all good but he is still considered o hero. Why?
How does the goddess Ishtar fulfill the role of Temptress?
What steps of the hero’s journey does the epic of Gilgamesh follow? Ryan, P. M. (2000). Esperanza rising. New York: Scholastic Press.
Esperanza must leave the comforts of her wealthy existence in Mexico to escape the threats of her step-uncles. Desperate to escape, Esperanza’s mother takes her on a journey to work in the fields of America where life is very different for Esperanza. Esperanza begins her own journey while growing up in this coming of age story.
(IR) - Keep a journal from Esperanza's pint of view
Esperanza must change in order to assimilate to her new life. What changes must she make?
How are these changes part of her journey?
What role does America take in this hero’s journey? Lesser, R., & Zelinsky, P. O. (1984). Hansel and Gretel. New York: Dodd, Mead.
This classic fairy tale follows the hero’s journey as the two protagonists must use their wit to overcome the obstacles ahead of them. Even though a story meant for the very young, this tale can easily illustrate the hero’s journey.
(RA) - Rewrite Hansel and Gretel as a contemporary picture book in a setting of your choice.
How are Hansel and Gretel’s parents involved in this journey?
The mother and the father both act differently. How are they archetypal characters?
The final goal is survival, but what is the lesson to be learned from this fairy tale?
The evil witch falls into which step of the hero’s journey? Kubert, J. (1996). Fax from Sarajevo: a story of survival. Milwaukie, Ore.: Dark Horse Comics.
This non-fiction graphic novel is Ervin Rustemagic’s journey to bring his family out of war torn Sarajevo during the Serbian siege of the early 1990s. His flight to safety with his family is told through the images created by the faxes Rustemagic sent by fax to friends outside the country.
(SGR) - Create a book trailer using movie maker and flip cameras.
How is Ervin Rustemagic a hero in terms of the archetypal hero?
How can a real life experience still be classified under a fictional writing convention?
How are we all experiencing real life journeys?
Rustemagic must expose his family to even more danger in order to escape? How does this follow the steps of the monomyth? Farmer, N. (1996). A girl named Disaster. New York: Orchard Books.
Nhamo must escape from an arranged marriage that she does not want. She leaves her home in Mozambique and spends a year traveling to her father’s home in Zimabwe.
(SGR) - Using Googlitrips, create a map of Nhamo's journey and encounters
What is the motivation for Nhamo to leave her family?
How does her journey parallel the hero’s journey?
What roles do the people she meets along the way play?
Even though this is the story of a young scared girl, what makes her story an example of the monomyth? Sendak, M., & Egolf, R. L. (1963). Where the wild things are. New York: Harper & Row.
Max undertakes his own imaginary journey when his mother sends him to bed without supper. While on this trip, Max encounters many wild things and becomes quite wild himself. But his journey is to grow up and Max learns a valuable lesson in this classic children’s book.
(RA) - Create a conversation between Max's mother and her best friens about Max's behavior using Voki
What lesson must Max learn in order to complete his journey?
When the Wild Things try to convince Max to stay, what other myths does this remind you of?
What are the steps illustrated in Max’s journey? Fleischman, P. (1998). Whirligig. New York: H. Holt.
Depression and desperation drove Brent to try to commit suicide. Instead he killed a bright and promising young woman in a car accident. Driven to the brink of his senses, Brent accepts the mission given to him by the young woman’s mother who sends him on a mission around the country placing whirligigs at the four corners of the United States.
(SGR) - Create a whirligig that captures the theme of the novel
Brent is an unlikely hero. What must he accomplish to fulfill Campbell’s guidelines for the hero?
Many people are affected by the whirligigs that Brent leaves behind. How are each of them experiencing their own hero’s journey?
If the car accident had never happened, how would Brent’s life have changed?
What role is Lea’s mother in this story? Westerfeld, S., & Thompson, K. (2009). Leviathan. New York: Simon Pulse.
This illustrated novel s is a retelling of World War I and pits the Clankers against the Darwinists. Prince Aleksander meets Deryn and the two are forced to journey together in an uneasy alliance.
(IR) - Create a soundtrack for the movie you'd like to make of this novel. Explain your choices
How does a monmyth play along with a historically based plot?
How does the journey apply to two opposing characters? Steinbeck, J. (1993). Of mice and men. New York: Penguin Books.
This classic novella is a tragic example of the hero’s journey set in the Great Depression. Lenny and George are on a quest to reach a home of their own. However, many obstacles occur to end their dream.
(RA) - Put George on trial for murder and compose the opposing lawyers final statements.
What is the story arc of George’s hero’s journey?
Even though George commits a horrible act, how does this still make him the hero?
How is Curley’s wife both the Temptress and the catalyst in this story? Roth, S. L. (1994). Buddha. New York: Delacorte Press.
This picture book is about Buddha’s journey to enlightenment. This is a classic example of the obstacles or triumphs of the monomyth.
(RA) - Create a voki that has Buddha chronicle his journey.
What are the obstacles that Buddha must overcome?
Why does he want to reach enlightenment?
What qualities does Buddha carry that make him a hero?
What are the steps in this classic monomyth? Rapp, A. (2009). Punkzilla. Somerville, Mass.: Candlewick Press.
Jamie is a runaway who is taking one bad turn after another. He is on a journey to see his brother who is dying of cancer. Before he gets there, Jamie meets many characters some of whom are there to help, others to hinder. This coming of age story is also a clear representation of a journey of change.
(IR) - Create a travel video journal of Jamie's trip to see his brother.
Jamie is an unlikely hero, but he does begin to change. How?
What roles do each of the characters play in Jamie’s life?
What does Jamie see for himself at the end of his journey? How does that change? Hodges, M., Hyman, T. S., & Spenser, E. (1984). Saint George and the dragon: a golden legend. Boston: Little, Brown.
This ancient tale recounts the journey of Saint George as he slays an evil dragon while rescuing a fair maiden.
(RA) - Create a Blabber that gives the dragon's point of view.
How is this legend an example of the monomyth?
What archetypes are used in this story? Why?
Do you feel badly for the dragon? Why or why not?
Why is the princess in these types of stories always so helpless? What does this say about the story tellers? Wright, R. (1945). Black boy, a record of childhood and youth. New York: Harper & Bros.
Richard Wright’s memoir follows his journey from childhood in the south to his adolescence in Chicago. He encounters racism, religious fanaticism and political zealotry on his journey to adulthood.
(SGR) - Hols a socratic circle discussing the themes found in the novel.
What are the steps in Wright’s journey to adulthood?
Even though this is a non-fiction story, it still has a clear correlation to the monomyth; what does this mean about the human existence?
What role do the women in Wright’s life play? Talbott, H. (1995). King Arthur and the Round Table. New York: Morrow Junior Books.
This classic tale of King Arthur is a clear example of the hero’s journey. King Arthur comes from humble beginnings and must make both an internal and external journey to bring together his vision for the Knights of the Round Table.
(IR) - Create a book trailer for this picture book but set in contemporary times.
King Arthur begins his journey as a boy and continues through adulthood. Is his Journey finished with his death?
What roles do Merlin and Morgan play in this hero’s journey?
Lancelot and Guinevere romance plays what role in King Arthur’s hero’s journey? Steptoe, J. (1987). Mufaro's beautiful daughters: an African tale. New York: Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books.
Mufaro has two beautiful daughters; one as kind as she is beautiful, the other as greedy. The king is looking for a new wife and both girls set off to be presented to the king. Along the way they meet many different characters and are helped according to their interactions with that character.
(RA) - Create character models of both sisters that describes their differences.
How is this illustrated story an example of the hero’s journey?
Which of the two daughters is the hero in this story?
How does the story arc of this book align with the hero’s journey? Steig, W. (1969). Sylvester and the magic pebble. New York: Windmill Books.
Sylvester the donkey loves to collect pebbles and one day finds a magic rock that will grant him his every desire. Unfortunately in a moment of fear, Sylvester turns himself into a rock to hide from a lion. His journey is filled with pitfalls but is a simple illustration of the journey.
(RA) - Write your own picture book that contains a journey.
How is Sylvester a hero in this story?
What are the steps Sylvester must take to reach his destination?
How does the pebble serve as the catalyst for Sylvester’s journey? Hosseini, K. (2004). The kite runner. Prince Frederick, MD: Recorded Books.
Amir is the classic underdog. He has very little self-respect and certainly does not appear to be the hero. Yet he undertakes a suicide mission to save a boy he has never met. This novel is an excellent example of the obstacles both internal and external that a hero must overcome to attain his goal.
(SGR) - Hold a Socratic Circle discussing Amir's journey in the novel.
Amir and Hassan are best friends and yet not. Which boy is more heroic?
Hassan is a lower class person in the Afghan society, yet Amir’s father seems to love him best. Why?
As an adult, Amir has never come to terms with his actions as a boy. How has this shaped him as an adult?
To forgive himself, and forgive his father, Amir makes a decision. Which step is this on the hero’s journey? Wood, M. (2005, November 16). In Search of Myths &amp Heroes. Myths & Archetypes | PBS. PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved May 4, 2011, from <http://www.pbs.org/mythsandheroes/myths_arch_quest.html>
This resource is useful for teachers that want quality information about archetypal characters and the monomyth. The links and video options are well-developed and easily accessed by students too.
(SGR) - Create a story board for one of the hero's journeys found on the website.
What is the hero’s journey?
What are archetypes?
What do the common traits found in monomyths from around the world tell us about human nature? Gallo, D. R. (2003). Destination unexpected: short stories. Cambridge, Mass.: Candlewick Press.
This collection of short stories are all examples of the hero’s journey. Each protagonist must overcome obstacles and accomplish some task. While all of the stories are very different, each contains elements of the monomyth.
(IR) - Write your own short story with a journey theme.
What are the similarities between these stories?
Which main characters are the most similar and why?
How does adversity affect these characters?
Which of these stories is most like a hero’s journey and which is least? Why? Nye, N. S. (1997). Habibi: by Naomi Shihab Nye. New York: Aladdin Books.
A reverse tale of the American Dream, Liyana moves with her family from St. Louis to Jerusalem. Expecting extreme culture shock, Liyana is welcomed by her extended family and begins to see the richness of her new life in her ancestral home. With this comes the shock and then outrage as the turmoil between Palestine in Israel becomes more and more violent.
(IR) - Research the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and create a Prezi to inform your classmates.
How is Liyana’s move from America to Palestine like the beginning of the hero’s Journey?
What quality does she posses that make her become the hero in this story?
What obstacles must she face, both internal and external? DiCamillo, K., & Malcolm, G. (2008). The Tale of Despereaux. Melbourne: Bolinda Audio Books.
A mouse who is a brave and honorable knight wants to rescue a beautiful princess. He must overcome obstacles and terrors and does so with the help from some unexpected places.
(IR) - Design a 3D version of the Rat World and Mouse Town, placing pins with notes where specific plot events occured.
Despereaux is not like the other mice. In his mouse world, what would be the qualities of a hero? How is he different?
Princess Pea is delighted by Despereax but is horrified by Chiaruscuro. Why is this? What makes them so different?
The hero’s journey is evident in this tale. What are the main steps? Hinds, G. (2010). The odyssey: a graphic novel. Somerville, Mass.: Candlewick Press.
This classical work by Homer tells of Odysseus’ return home after the ten year Trojan War. It is an exemplary work that defines the hero’s journey.
(IR) - Create a soundtrack to go with the movie version; be sure to explain choices.
What qualities does Odysseus carry that are classic hero qualities?
Is Odysseus infallible? What do his mistakes say about him?
Why must he accomplish so many tasks before he can find his way home?
Does Odysseus use his brawn or his brain more to overcome his obstacles? Steig, W. (1990). Shrek!. Paris: Kaleidoscope.
This original Shrek enters his hero’s journey after being told by a witch that he will marry a bride even uglier than he is. Along the way he meets many characters; some who help and some who don’t. Shrek must travel to great lengths to find his perfect mate.
(RA) - Write diary entries from the Shrek's Bride's point of view. What is her journey?
Why does Shrek want a bride as ugly as he is? Why is this important to the journey?
What are the steps that Shrek must take to reach his goal?
Shrek is an ogre, but what makes him a hero too? Daily, D., McCole, D., Grimm, J., & Grimm, W. (2001). The classic treasury of Grimm's fairy tales. Philadelphia: Courage Books.
These fairy tales are a collection folk tales and legends from around the world. Archetypal evidence is abundant in these stories to use as examples to support Campbell’s monomyth.
What are the similarities to be found in these stories?
How are the good and evil characters portrayed?
What symbols or motifs can be found throughout the fairy tales? Campbell, J. (2008). The hero with a thousand faces (3. ed.). California: Novato.
This text discusses the use of archetypes and coins the term “monomyth” to explain the pattern of the hero’s journey that is found in so much of literature throughout time and culture. Campbell explains the many archetypes found in literature to explain and make connections between the different cultures around the world.
What are the steps in the hero’s journey?
How does a reader use this knowledge to analyze other literature?
Why the term “monomyth”?
What does this mean about the human experience? Hamby, Z. (2010, March 6). MythologyTeacher.com. MythologyTeacher.com. Retrieved May 4, 2011, from <http://www.mythologyteacher.com/The-Hero%27s-Journey.php>
This website is an excellent resource for educators and students looking for more information about the hero’s journey and archetypal characters. A clear and easily understood explanation of the hero’s journey is given here.
What is the hero’s journey?
What are the most familiar aspects of the journey?
What other stories, movies or songs have you heard that remind you of the hero’s journey? Huff, D. (n.d.). The Journey. HuffEnglish: issues, ideas, and discussion in English Education and Technology. Retrieved May 4, 2011, from <www.huffenglish.com/?p=1283>
This website is a fantastic resource for teachers looking for more information on the hero’s journey. Many links are available to help teachers develop their own units.
Murdock, M. (1990). The heroine's journey. Boston, Mass.: Shambhala.
This non-fiction work is an excellent addition to the resources that educators might use for deeper development and understanding of the elements of the hero’s journey. It would be a great addition to a feminist theory class and should be used for more involved study for students looking to understand psychological perspectives in women’s studies.
How are women portrayed in classical literature?
Why are women often placed into two categories: the temptress or the wise woman?
What does the treatment of women in classical literature tell us about attitudes towards women in those time periods?
How is literature changing as more and more women are becoming the hero’s in their own journeys?
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