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Integrating S.T.E.M. Across the Curriculum
Transcript of Integrating S.T.E.M. Across the Curriculum
Cassandra Murphy, ITC
Michael McGee, ITC
Aulander Skinner, ITC
What is STEM??
So, STEM is the INTEGRATION of..
STEM education creates critical thinkers, increases science literacy, and enables the next generation of innovators.
Why STEM Works
Innovation leads to new products and processes that sustain our economy. This innovation and science literacy depends on a solid knowledge base in the STEM areas.
It is clear that most jobs of the future will require a basic understanding of math and science—10-year employment projections by the U.S. Department of Labor show that of the 20 fastest growing occupations projected for 2014, 15 of them require significant mathematics or science preparation.
It is imperative that as a nation, we make STEM education a top priority. We have a lot of work to do. Consider this:
U.S. student achievement in mathematics and science is lagging behind students in much of Asia and Europe. International test scores tell us that in science U.S. eighth-graders were outperformed by eighth-grade students in Singapore, Chinese Taipei, Republic of Korea, Hong Kong SAR, Estonia, Japan, Hungary, and Netherlands.
In math, U.S. eighth-graders were outperformed by their peers in 14 countries: Singapore, Republic of Korea, Hong Kong SAR, Chinese Taipei, Japan, Belgium, Netherlands, Estonia, Hungary, Malaysia, Latvia, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, and Australia.
The 2010 ACT College and Career Readiness report found only 29% of the tested 2010 graduates are considered college-ready in science and 43% are considered college-ready in math.
Engages children of all learning styles and abilities
Provides opportunities and tools for authentic assessment
Provides differentiation of instruction
Supports and integrates the total curriculum not as an add on to the already busy school day.
Promotes technological literacy for all children.
The Study of Technology helps students
Integrate core subject areas using relevant activities.
Bridge the gap between memorization of facts and the understanding of skills and processes.It is a teaching strategy used to develophigher level thinking skills, differentiate instruction and promote teamwork.
Emphasis is on the process and not just the final product.
Technology satisfies human needs and wants through the design process.
Science explains nature so that humans can understand their environment through the scientific method.
Where is Language Arts in STEM?
Learn mathematics in the context of solving a problem
Practice the skills needed to apply mathematics to a real world problem—estimating, measuring, collaborating, etc.
Develop resilience as they solve a problem
Be creative….think outside the box
Develop a sense of efficacy in mathematics
Engineering challenges allow students to:
the world that exists.
the world that never was.
Develop critical thinking and problem solving skills.
Have experiences with the true application of knowledge.
What is technology ?
What was the problem?
Houses were not well built.
Pigs did not have right protection from their predator – THE BIG BAD WOLF.
What science standards can we cover solving these problems?
Around the World in Eighty Days
Wizard of Oz
Just a Dream
Balloon’s Over Broadway
Did you think of?
Think of one book you have read that posed a problem that needed to be solved.
Where is Reading in STEM?
Reading and Languages Arts in a STEM-based Lesson
Interdisciplinary instruction allows the coverage of multiple SOLs
Fewer behavior issues because students are genuinely motivated to solve the problem
A variety of informal & formal assessment opportunities
Can reveal students’ thinking
Accommodates the needs & skills of all learners (differentiation)
Benefits to the Teacher
Talk about what works, what doesn’t, and what could work better
Modify your design to make it better
Test it out
Follow your plan and create it
Test it out!!! (The Scientific Investigation Process)
Utilize the SI process in your classroom; needs to be done often; figure out ways to integrate
What is the problem?
What have others done?
What are the constraints?
The Design Process
Create new things
Test and revise
What do you think was the first technology
developed by humans?
Everything in our environment that has been human made or human altered. (artifacts)
How people have modified their environment to meet their needs and wants.
Think of The Three Little
The engineering design process is cyclical
Can begin at any step
Move back and forth between steps numerous times
This is how engineers work; they often work on one section and pass it off to another
Source: Engineer is Elementary (EiE)
The Engineering Process
Technology as a result of the engineering process
Technology over time