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The Effects of Sargassum to the Growth of Okra Plant ( Abelmoschus Esculentus L )

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maria theresa mejias

on 27 October 2012

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Transcript of The Effects of Sargassum to the Growth of Okra Plant ( Abelmoschus Esculentus L )

The Effect of Sargassum as plant Fertilizer to the growth of Group 2 Fertilizer is any material that is added to a soil to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to its growth. One of the materials used is the Sargassum which is not so common among farmers and plant growers. Sargasum fertilizer is one of the cheapest fertilizers available in the market. As a result of studies conducted in other countries, in fact it has been used for centuries. People gather up available seaweeds they found on the shore and use it to promote healthier, quicker growing crops.

Most seaweeds are disgusting, smelly and aesthetically unpleasant among swimmers and beach owners and even among fishermen because of the fact that these floating algae can affect their work. But they are unaware of its importance. Sargassum Muticum is a genus of brown macroalgae ( seaweed ) class Phaeophyceae in the order of Fucales. Sargassum or " samo " in our native tongue, is a brown olive green colored algae which belongs to the brown algae family. These seaweeds grow and attach themselves on rocks, corals or shells in the rocky or pebble areas where they generally inhabit shallow water. However, the genus may be best known for its pelagic or free- floating species and have never been attached to the seafloor during their life cycle. These species provide food and shelter to many of the sea animals. We choose Okra Plant or Lady finger with a scientific name Abelmoschus Esculentus L., as our dependent variable for this research for the reason that this plant is a popular health food. Okra plant is also a good source of calcium potassium.

This study will give us information regarding the effects of sargassum seaweed as a fertilizer for terrestrial plants. All rights reserved..... INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Significance of the study Sargassum can be a good fertilizer to the growth of okra plant. Objectives of the study: This study also aims to make an organic fertilizer from a Sargassum and to determine its possible effects. The results of this study, will be of great help to our farmers who suffer from spending hundreds or even thousands of money buying expensive inorganic fertilizers: To all households who wish to have a garden this will give them knowledge on how to grow their own plants. To us pupils or students who want to help our parents save money from buying vegetables in the market we can plant at home, And lastly, to the future pupils who will conduct research relative to this study, this can be used as their reference. Scope and Limitations The focus of our study is on the Effect of Sargassum as Plant Fertilizer" to the growth of Okra plant. We will observe the growth of the (2) plants prepared:
( a ) The Okra plant with sargassum and the
( b ) The Okra plant without sargassum and its possible effects on it.
Sargassum gathered from the offshore of Montaner Beach Resort, located in the municipality of Linamon. However, We believe that it's the nutrients of sargassum that help the plant grows healthier. Thus, we make it sure that proper procedure must be observed. Our results are considered based on the changes that will occur as to their appearance, sizes and heights. Aesthetic - pleasing in appearance, relating to beauty. Alternative - option Nutrients - a food or other substance that provides energy or building material for the survival and growth of a living organism Pelagic - living occuring in the upper waters of open sea or free floating Terrestrial - growing on land and not in water ( aquatic ) Unpleasant - disagreeable to the senses, to the mind. Materials 2 canister
mortar and pestle
Knife or scissors
2 okra plants ( young plant )
Sargassum seaweed
winower or " nigo "
chopping board PROCEDURES: 1. Prepare ( 2 ) two young plants of okra for comparison effects. 2. Get Sargassum plant in the seashore. 3. Wash the Sargassum with top water to free from toxins, salts and sand particles. 4. Cut it into pieces. 5. Pound it using mortar and pestle. 6. Dry it under the heat of the sun for one day. 7. Apply dried sargassum to plants. 8. Observe the plants for ( 2 ) two weeks to see its effects. After ( 2 ) two weeks observation, the following results were observed. RESULTS and OBSERVATION 1. Plant A ( with sargassum ) vary from Plant B ( without sargassum ) because Plant A has changed its growth specifically the size of stem, the number of leaves, and its height. The stems become bigger, the number of leaves increased from 2- 7 pieces and the height increased from 75cm to 120cm. While plant B has minimal increased in the number of leaves from 2 - 5 pieces, its height has also increased from 75cm to 100cm 2. Plant A is prone to pest like aphids while Plant B has no aphids. RECOMMENDATION We strongly recommend that the plant growers should use organic fertilizers. To escape from the harmful effects of using chemical fertilizers to our health. The use of sargassum extract is then highly recommended for it has better advantages on the growth of the plant compared to other chemical fertilizers. And that, this study be introduced to our Local community as one of the alternative sources of livelihood. CONCLUSION: Based on our results and observation, we conclude that Sargassum has some effects on the plants that we prepared. Though it was not applied to a variety of plants., we believe that the result of our study serves our objective. This could be an alternative fertilizer for plant growers or farmers to save some money from buying expensive inorganic fertilizers in the market which we all believe have negative effects on the soil. Acknowledgment Definition of Terms Having a successful investigatory project is really a great satisfaction to us. Yet all these will not be possible if not for hardwork, persistence and cooperation among the researchers. We would like to acknowledge and express our genuine appreciation to the following people who help this research. They are the people who contributed much for the accomplishment of this project. To our God, thank you for the gift of wisdom, love ans strength and for answering our prayers in times of need. To our dynamic mentor Ms. Marites R. Arat for pushing us to the limit and believing in our capacity to this project, To the SMART Group from Philippine Science High School super headed by Sir Rolex for sharing their knowledge and time to us. To Jerome Aparri for teaching us the fundamentals of research and investigatory writing and for showing a great deal of patience through the time. To our parents and family members, for the untimely support and unending love that they give to us. The group 2 pupils of Galileo class chose to study the " Effects of Sargassum as Plant Fertilizer." Hypothesis Algae or seaweeds - are organisms or living things that found in water. Algae were once considered to be plants but are now classified separately because they lack true roots, stems, leaves and embryos. Aphids - are small, soft-bodied insects with long, slender mouth parts with which they pierce stems, leaves, and other tender plant parts to suck out plant fluids. 1 2 3 4 7 5 & 6 8 Statement of the Problem The focus of our study is on the Effect of Sargassum as Plant Fertilizer. Specifically this study seek to answer the following questions: 1. What is Sargassum?
2. What are the possible changes that will occur to plant when sargassum fertilizer is applied?3. Who will benefit from this study? Abelmoschus Esculentus L.,
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