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Big Ideas for 7th Grade Social Studies CRCT

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Mister Parker

on 19 April 2016

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Transcript of Big Ideas for 7th Grade Social Studies CRCT

West Bank
Gaza Strip
Israel
Saudi Arabia
Afghanistan
Iran
Iraq
Turkey
Egypt
Sudan
South Sudan
Nigeria
Kenya
Dem. Republic of the Congo
SouthAfrica
India
China
Vietnam
Indonesia
N. Korea
S. Korea
Japan
Pakistan
Geographyof SW Asia
Unequal access to water and oil.
Few rivers.
Jordan
Euphrates
Tigris
Birthplace of
3 monotheistic religions
Judaism
Christianity
Islam
Ethnic Groups
Arabs
Persians
Kurds
Mainly (not all)
Muslim
Environmental Problems
:
Water pollution
shortage of clean drinking water
Jerusalem is sacred to all 3
Islam split into
Sunni
&
Shia
Argument over who should be the new leader
History of SW Asia
Partition of SWA
Fall of Ottomans
U.S. Wars
Jews motivated to establish State of
Israel
U.S. Wars in SWA
2007
Israel
Religious connection to land
Zionism
Anti-Semitism
Holocaust
Leads to many years of conflicts with Palestinian Arabs who also have religious and historical claims to the land.
Persian Gulf War 1990
Iraq invaded Kuwait
Afghanistan 2001
Destroy al-Qaeda after 9/11 & get bin Laden
Iraq 2003
U.S. thought Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction
Was part of
Ottoman Empire
until end of
WWI
British
and
French
partitioned area using
artificial borders
Artificial borders
create conflicts between ethnic / religious groups
Governments of
Southwest Asia
Israel
Saudi Arabia
Iran
King rules
little freedom or citizen participation
Citizens elect representatives to legislature; representatives choose Prime Minister
Lots of freedom and citizen participation
Ruled by religious leaders
Very little freedom or citizen participation
Geography of Africa
4 Climate Regions
(biomes)
Resources
Ethnic Groups
Notable Features
Environmental Problems
Sahara Desert
Sahel
(just below Sahara)
Savanna grassland
Tropical Rain Forest
gold, diamonds, and uranium
in
South Africa
oil
in Nigeria and Sudan
Arabs
(North)
Bantu

(largest)
Ashanti

(West)
Swahili
(East)
Sahara
is so big it divides the continent culturally
The
Nile
is world's longest river
Africa
is the 2nd largest continent
Rising population
&
poor soil
cause:
deforestation
&
desertification
Desertification
is especially bad in
Sahel,
near the desert
African History
Europeans colonize Africa
Nationalism & Independence
Africans develop a sense of
nationalism
and fight for
independence
Peaceful -
Nigeria
Violent –
Kenya
Whites only –
South Africa
Civil wars in
Sudan
are caused by
artificial borders
To ease conflict,
South Sudan
becomes independent country
Sudan
Apartheid
Colonialism
They wanted
Natural Resources
Markets to sell stuff
Spread religion
Prestige / Bragging rights
They created
artificial borders
Artificial Borders
lead to
conflict!
Apartheid:
racial separation in South Africa
Nelson Mandela
and African National Congress

fought this.
Foreign
embargoes
hurt the economy of South Africa
F.W. de Klerk
worked with
Mandela
to end Apartheid.
Governments in Africa
Kenya
Unstable Governments
Citizens elect representatives to legislature; representatives choose leader
S. Africa calls its leader President
Lots of freedom and citizen participation
South Africa
Unstable Governments
and
corrupt
dictators make these problems worse:
Civil Wars
Famine
HIV / AIDS
Access to education

(girls usually left out)
Geography of Southern & Eastern Asia
5 big religions
Environmental Problems
Notable Features
Hinduism:
karma and reincarnation from
India
Buddhism:
end suffering
Islam
:
obedience to God / Allah
Confucianism:
proper behavior in society
Shinto:

Nature worship from
Japan
Air Pollution
Coal, factories, cars, wood cooking fires, forest fires
Water Pollution
China:
industrial waste
India:
untreated sewage
(especially in the
Ganges
)
Asia
is the largest continent
Monsoon
seasonal winds bring lots of
rain
(and floods).
U.S.
helped
Japan
rebuild after WWII.
Rebuilt economy
New government
Economy is now very strong; called
miracle.
Few natural resources:
Japan
relies on
educated workers.
India
India was a colony of
Britain
Mohandas Gandhi
leads Indians to resist British rule non-violently.
After many years, they got got independence in 1948, but India was divided into
India
and
Pakistan
along religious lines.
Mao
leads the
Communists
to take over China after WWII-
It's a huge disaster! People have few rights and the economy tanks.
Great leap forward:
produce more food and industrial products (huge failure- 20 million starve)
Cultural Revolution:
eliminate opposition to Mao
(terrorizes population)
Tiananmen Square 1989:
Government kills thousands of pro-democracy demonstrators
China
U.S. Wars
Japan
The U.S. fought in
Korea
and
Vietnam
to
contain the spread of communism
.
Korea:
successfully contained communism, border remains at 38th parallel
Vietnam:
Communism not

successfully contained.
Communist leader is
Ho Chi Minh
They conquer South Vietnam and unify Vietnam under
communism
bin Laden
Saddam Hussein
Big Ideas in 7th Grade Social Studies
Southwest Asia
Africa
Southern / Eastern Asia
Good luck on the Milestones Test!
Governments
of Asia
India
Japan
China
Emperor is
ceremonial
Lots of freedom and citizen participation
democratic
"Federal Republic"
Lots of freedom and citizen participation
Oligarchic Dictatorship
"Communist State"
No
freedom or citizen participation
Cecil Rhodes
Jomo Kenyatta

Click the play button to watch a video review
of the map of SW Asia
Click the play button to watch a video review
of the map of Asia
Click the play button to watch
a map review of Africa
SS7G5 The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia (Middle East).
a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza Strip.
b. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the nations of Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.

SS7G6 The student will discuss environmental issues across Southwest Asia (Middle East).
a. Explain how water pollution and the unequal distribution of water impacts irrigation and drinking water.

SS7G7 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, physical characteristics, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution on Southwest Asia (Middle East).
a. Explain how water pollution and the unequal distribution of water impacts irrigation and drinking water.
b. Describe how the deserts and rivers of Southwest Asia (Middle East) have affected the population in terms of where people live, the type of work they do, and how they travel.

SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East).
a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group.
b. Explain the diversity of religions within the Arabs, Persians, and Kurds.
c. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.
d. Explain the reason for the division between Sunni and Shia Muslims.

SS7H2 The student will analyze continuity and change in Southwest Asia (Middle East) leading to the 21st century.
a. Explain how European partitioning in the Middle East after the breakup of the Ottoman Empire led to regional conflict.
b. Explain the historical reasons for the establishment of the modern State of Israel in 1948; include the Jewish religious connection to the land, the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, and Zionism in Europe.
c. Describe how land and religion are reasons for continuing conflicts in the Middle East.
d. Explain U.S. presence and interest in Southwest Asia; include the Persian Gulf conflict and invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq.

SS7CG5 The student will explain the structures of the national governments of Southwest Asia (Middle East).
a. Compare the parliamentary democracy of the State of Israel, the monarchy of the Kingdom ofSaudi Arabia, and the theocracy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.

SS7G1 The student will locate selected features of Africa.
a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: the Sahara, Sahel, savanna, and tropical rain forest, Congo River, Niger River, Nile River, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Atlas Mountains, and Kalahari Desert.
b. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the countries of: Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Sudan, and South Sudan.

SS7G4 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Africa.
b. Explain the diversity of religions within the Arab, Ashanti, Bantu, and Swahili ethnic groups.

SS7G1 The student will locate selected features of Africa.
a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: the Sahara, Sahel, savanna, and tropical rain forest

SS7G3 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, and physical characteristics on population distribution in Africa.
a. Explain how the characteristics in the Sahara, Sahel, savanna, and tropical rain forest affect where people live, the type of work they do, and how they travel.

SS7G2 The student will discuss environmental issues across the continent of Africa.
a. Explain how water pollution and the unequal distribution of water impacts irrigation, trade, industry, and drinking water.
b. Explain the relationship between poor soil and deforestation in Sub-Saharan Africa.
c. Explain the impact of desertification on the environment of Africa from the Sahel to the rainforest.

SS7E3 The student will describe factors that influence economic growth and examine their presence or absence in Nigeria and South Africa.
c. Explain how the distribution of diamonds, gold, uranium, and oil affects the economic development of Africa.

SS7H1 The student will analyze continuity and change in Africa leading to the 21st century.
a. Explain how the European partitioning across Africa contributed to conflict, civil war, and artificial political boundaries.

b. Explain how nationalism led to independence in South Africa, Kenya, and Nigeria.
c. Explain the creation and end of apartheid in South Africa and the roles of Nelson Mandela and F.W.de Klerk.
SS7CG2 The student will explain the structures of the modern governments of Africa.
b. Explain how political, economic, and social conflicts resulted in the independence of South Sudan.
SS7CG3 The student will analyze how politics in Africa impacts standard of living.
a. Compare how various factors, including gender, affect access to education in Kenya and Sudan.
b. Describe the impact of government stability on the distribution of resources to combat AIDS and famine across Africa.

SS7CG2 The student will explain the structures of the modern governments of Africa.
a. Compare the republican systems of government in the Republic of Kenya and the Republic of South Africa, distinguishing the form of leadership and role of the citizen in terms of voting and personal freedoms.
SS7G9 The student will locate selected features in Southern and Eastern Asia.
a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: Ganges River, Huang He (Yellow River), Indus River, Mekong River, Yangtze (Chang Jiang) River, Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, Sea of Japan, South China Sea, Yellow Sea, Gobi Desert , Taklimakan Desert, Himalayan Mountains, and Korean Peninsula.
b. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the countries of China, India, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, and Vietnam.

SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia.
b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism and the philosophy of Confucianism.

SS7G10 The student will discuss environmental issues across Southern and Eastern Asia.
a. Describe the causes and effects of pollution on the Yangtze and Ganges Rivers.
b. Describe the causes and effects of air pollution and flooding in India and China.

SS7G11 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, physical characteristics, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution on Southern and Eastern Asia.
b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel.

Citizen Participation
Power Distribution
Government Vocabulary Videos
SS7H3
c. Explain the role of the United States in the rebuilding of Japan after WWII.
SS7H3
d. Describe the impact of Communism in China in terms of Mao Zedong, the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and Tiananmen Square.

SS7H3
a. Describe how nationalism led to independence in India and Vietnam.
b. Describe the impact of Mohandas Gandhi’s belief in non-violent protest.


SS7H3
a. Describe how nationalism led to independence in India and Vietnam.
e. Explain the reasons for foreign involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of containment of Communism.

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