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Jean-Paul Sartre

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Jeanne Le

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Sartre Existentialism & Human Existence Existentialism Sartre's Existentialism Sartre's Theories Beliefs Existentialism Animation The Existentialism Movement How it differs... What is Existentialism? Birth & Childhood Literature & Politics Education & Career Background Information 1929: 1936-1948: A philosophical ideology about human existence Philosophers also involved in developing the base of Existentialism: - Existentialism does not intend to promote dislike towards social values and social quota.

-It differs in a sense that it does not tell individuals to give up their aspirations. based upon freedom and the challenges an individual faces
-Moral Judgement: Humans exist than find their own purpose Jeanne Le Diana Armas Monserrat Reyes Alex Pham Melissa Martinez The broad idea ideas and theories Born: June 21, 1905
Paris, France Father died when he was one. graduated from Ecole Normale Superieure. -met Simone de Beauvoir 1933-1935:


1939:

1941: Researched philosophy at the French Academy (Institute Francais) -his ideas influenced by philosophers Husserl and Heidegger Became a teacher at Lycee in Paris In most years of his career, he published several literary works, that gave him recognition as a philosopher. -Nausea (1938)
-Being & Nothingness (1943)
-The Wall (1948) Les Tremps Modernas - was able to spread Existentialism ideas
- political & literary magazine French Resistance Birth to Career Jean-Paul Sartre's Impact -Humans will struggle throughout their lifespan, but it is natural
-Freedom to make choices
-Must be liable for their actions and responsibility
-It is human nature to stress under difficult circumstances Main Points Jean-Paul Sartre's Legacy Modern century Impact on Literature Connection to Modern Media philosophy & playwright Sartre's "The Wall" (1948) -William Beckett's Waiting for Godot
-contrasting ideas about death French Literature -The Flies and No Exit
-changed society's perspective Today's culture can be rooted back to Sartre's ideas Example: Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind -taking control of one's life and suffering the consequences For-itself In-itself Death Legacy -Martin Heidegger
-Albert Camus
-Fredrich Nietzche Parents: Jean Baptiste Sartre
Anne-Marie Schweitzer Joined the French Army - opposed French rule and the Vietnam War
- activist Writings -spreading the idea of Existentialism through literature -Soren Kierkegaard
-Simone de Beauvoir The philosophers denied their involvement in the movement. -The idea was that humans found their purpose while
going through life, unlike others who believed it was
God's will. Humans served their own decisions and are responsible for the consequences afterward. -self deception
-atheism beliefs
-responsibility
-despair To live unbounded by objects of life and be greater than life events "Existence precedes essence" -Sartre (Existentialism is a Humanism) -consciousness -objective world Existentialism may be misunderstood, in actuality it allows one to be optimistic - give one a chance to look toward the future -not controlled by a divine power 1964: won a Nobel Peace Prize for Literature -first to reject the award After WWI -people easily adopted the Existentialism idea
-lived by their own decision and not in faith
-they were no longer attached to "institutions" Technology -with it's impact, society can look towards the future
-no longer bounded by the past Died: April 15, 1980 -suffered from blindness , edema of the lungs, and heart attacks Buried: Montparnasse Cemetery -He believed humans are meant to be free and to live our own lives to find purpose. We are fully responsible for our actions. Therefore anyone can achieve anything by choosing the right choices. Heart of Darkness -Marlow & Kurtz traveling down the river (life) and finding their purpose Grew up to believe in Atheism. "I don't like work -- no man does but I like what is in the work, the chance to find yourself. Your own reality --for yourself, not for others -- what no other man can ever know" (Conrad, 25). Work Cited Sartre. N.d. Counter-Currents PublishingWeb. 20 Jan 2013. <http://www.counter-currents.com/tag/jean-paul-sartre/>. Sartre Childhood. N.d. Jean Paul SartreWeb. 20 Jan 2013. <http://www.jeanpaulsartre.org/index.html>. La Nausea. N.d. La Excentrica ModaWeb. 20 Jan 2013. <http://excentricamoda.blogspot.com/2012/02/y-yo-tambien-quise-ser-la-nausea-jean.html>. Jean Paul Sartre, Montparnasse Cemetery. 2008. Flickr, Paris, France. Web. 20 Jan 2013. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/petitecornichon/4680700747/>. Bennett, Michael V. "Sartre's 'The Wall' and Beckett's Waiting for Godot: existential and non-existential nothingness." Notes on Contemporary Literature 41.4 (2011). Gale Power
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“Existentialism- A Philosophy” allaboutphilosophy. 25 Feb 2012. Web. 9 Jan 2013.
<http://allaboutphilospophy.org/extentialism.htm>.

Flynn, Thomas, "Jean-Paul Sartre", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring
2012Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), 2012. Web. 10 Jan. 2013.
<http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2012/entries/sartre/>.

“French Literature.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 3 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.school.eb.com/eb/article-247801>.

Garth, Kemerling. "Sarte: Existential Life." Philosophy Pages. N.p., 12 2011. Web. 9 Jan 2013.
<http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/7e.htm>.

"Jean Paul Sartre." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 13. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 491-492. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 7 Jan. 2013.
http://www.school.eb.com/eb/article-274653>.

"Jean-Paul Sartre Biography." Jean-Paul Sartre Biography. The Gale Group, 1999. Web. 7 Jan. 2013. "Jean-Paul Sartre." (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). Ed. Thomas Flynn. N.p., 22 Apr.2004. Web. 7 Jan. 2013.

“Nausea.” Novels for Students. Ed. Ira Mark Milne and Timothy Sisler. Vol. 21. Detroit: Gale,2005. 221-232. Gale Virtual reference Library. Web. 7 Jan. 2013.

Zunjic, Slobodan. "Jean Paul Sartre The Humanism of Existentialism I." University Of Rhode Island. N.p.. Web. 10 Jan 2013.
<http://www.uri.edu/personal/szunjic/philos/human.htm>. Work Cited Zunjic, Slobodan. "Jean Paul Sartre The Humanism of Existentialism I." University Of Rhode Island. N.p.. Web. 10 Jan 2013.
<http://www.uri.edu/personal/szunjic/philos/human.htm>.
“Existentialism- A Philosophy” allaboutphilosophy. 25 Feb 2012. Web. 9 Jan 2013.
<http://allaboutphilospophy.org/extentialism.htm>. Garth, Kemerling. "Sarte: Existential Life." Philosophy Pages. N.p., 12 2011. Web. 9 Jan 2013.
<http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/7e.htm>. Flynn, Thomas, "Jean-Paul Sartre", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring
2012Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), 2012. Web. 10 Jan. 2013.
<http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2012/entries/sartre/>. Bennett, Michael V. "Sartre's 'The Wall' and Beckett's Waiting for Godot: existential and non-existential nothingness." Notes on Contemporary Literature 41.4 (2011). Gale Power
Search. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. Wel. Heart of Darkness. Ordinary Man & Ordinary Woman. 31, May. 2011. Le, Jeanne, dir. Existentialism. 2013. Film. 22 Jan 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4GpfL8SuWDg>. Sartre-et-Camus. N.d. As it out to beWeb. 22 Jan 2013. <http://asitoughttobe.com/2012/02/29/existential-echoes/>. Sartre . N.d. The Existential CowboyWeb. 22 Jan 2013. <http://existentialistcowboy.blogspot.com/2010_08_2_archive.html>. existence Theories
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