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SUPERPOWER SUMMIT TALKS by Myranda&Quentin

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Myranda Boychuk

on 24 March 2011

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Transcript of SUPERPOWER SUMMIT TALKS by Myranda&Quentin

MALTA 1989 YALTA 1945 POTSDAM 1945 Every president since Franklin D. Roosevelt has met with the Soviet or Russian leadership. Summit talks: Where the heads of state or government meet, to make breakthroughs on difficult issues they have been unable to resolve through negotiation. The mission of the 1955 summit was to reduce international tensions. Each summit meeting is marked by circumstances specific to that historical moment. "I am glad to see you. I have tried for a long time to bring this about."
-FDR to Stalin 11/28/1943 Also known as the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference. Yalta included -President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and
General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectively All three leaders were trying to establish an agenda for governing post-war Germany -Germany would undergo demilitarization and denazification. -Creation of a reparation council which would be located in the Soviet Union. -The Polish eastern border would follow the Curzon Line, and Poland would receive territorial compensation in the West from Germany. -Nazi war criminals were to be hunted down and brought to justice. A "Committee on Dismemberment of Germany" was to be set up. Its purpose was to decide whether Germany was to be divided into six nations. Yalta and the Cold War Four of these nations are shown... Methods used:

Expansionism- The three leaders were all looking to acquire Germany and divide it in their own ways to lessen the risk of another power surge.

Liberation Movements- Germany is being oppressed by three other leaders.
Participants were..
-General Secretary Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union.
-Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and later, Clement Attlee of the United Kingdom.
-President Harry S. Truman, of the United States.
Conference takes place at Cecilienhof, Potsdam. The potsdam conference was created to decide how to administer punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany, which had agreed to unconditional surrender.

The conferees discussed the substance and procedures of the peace settlements in Europe but did not attempt to write peace treaties The purpose of the Potsdam meeting was the implementation of the agreements reached at Yalta. The atmosphere at Potsdam was often acrimonious, presaging the imminent Cold War between the Soviet Union and the West "The carrying out of the Potsdam Agreement has, however, been obstructed by the failure of the Allied Control Council to take the necessary steps to enable the German economy to function as an economic unit. "
-James F. Byrnes Conference was the last time the 'Big Three' would meet.
The final World War II conference (Potsdam) between allied leaders, transitioned the victors into a new more deadly era that was called the Cold War. The Cold War-was the continuance of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition existing after World War II . Methods used:

Containment- They did not want Europe to be penalized by Germany's actions. The Big Three established themselves as allies.

Liberation Movements- Europe wanted independence from the Soviet Union and not be oppressed by them. Location: Geneva, Switzerland, on November 19 - 20, 1985. SUPERPOWER SUMMIT TALKS GENEVA 1985
A summit meeting between, U.S. president Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. It was the first summit meeting of the two men, and indeed of any American and Soviet leaders in six years. by 1985 President Reagan was ready to meet with a new Soviet leader and test the possibility of relaxing tensions Contributed to the ending of the Cold War Geneva 85' led to four further meetings: Reykjavik in October 1986, Washington in December 1987, Moscow in May 1988, and finally Governors Island in New York Harbour in December 1988. Methods Used:

Detente- The US and Soviet Union meet to try to lessen the tension by reducing nuclear arms.
The summit did not produce significant movement in any of the three areas of arms control—intercontinental ballistic missiles, intermediate range missiles, and missile defense

Gorbachev went on to establish a new policy line on both the domestic and international front. 'The Big Four.'
-President Dwight D. Eisenhower of the United States.
-Prime Minister Anthony Eden of Britain.
-Premier Kikolai A. Bulganin of the Soviet Union.
-Prime Minister Edgar Faure of France. International tensions were at its peak during the Cold War, and the Cold War leaders thought it would be a good idea to unite for peace in Geneva. The Cold War had a major impact on the topics debated during the Geneva Summit. Methods Used:

Detente- The USA, Britain, and the Soviet Union attempt to lessen the tension between each other.

Brinkmanship-The US and Soviet Union are at a brink of war in 62'.
The world leaders discussed issues on security, armaments, and stronger east west relationships. This conference marked an era of renewed optimism in cold war relationships, GENEVA 1955 During the summit, Bush and Gorbachev would declare an end to the Cold War Participants-
President George H W. Bush of The United States
and, leader Mikhail Gorbachev, of the USSR. 12/2-3/1989 No agreements were signed at the Malta Summit. Its main purpose was to provide the two superpowers with an opportunity to discuss the rapid changes taking place in Europe. Both men announced that there would be a large reduction in troops in Europe. + = Location: Malta, Europe Methods:

Expansionism- USA going to the USSR to heighten the USA's national pride.

Detente- The two superpowers meet to reduce the tension in Europe, and lessen troops, and military weapons.

Containment- The USA and USSR establish a bond through military alliance. To what extent did ideological conflict affect international relations after the second World War during the Superpower Summit Talks? The summit talks had a very significant impact
on international relationships. The meeting of the
world leaders helped to end the cold and discussed
peace between the East and West. These talks not
only put people's minds at ease but also helped to ensure
human survival in the near future. The common fear of
global destruction was the problem that brought these
leaders together in an attempt to find a solution. This was a
main factor in avoiding a nuclear holocaust.
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