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Education in Russia vs. USA
Transcript of Education in Russia vs. USA
By: Kaarina and Savanna
Grading system in the U.S.
American Education System
Education in the U.S. is compulsory for five-eight years old and ending between ages sixteen and eighteen, depending on the state.
Prior to higher education, American students attend primary and secondary schools for a combined 12 years.
Around the age six, U.S. children begin primary school, which is commonly called "Elementary." They attend 5 to 6 years until they go onto secondary school.
Students also have homeschooling and online schooling options.
Students 15 years of age may choose to enter a vocational school or non-university institute. They typically offer programs of academic subjects and a program or training in a technical field until students reach 17 or 18 years of age.
U.S. Higher Education
Higher education is an optional final stage of formal education that follows secondary school.
A student who is attending a college or university and has not earned a bachelor’s degree, is studying at the undergraduate level.
Two-year colleges (community colleges) and a small number of four-year institutions grant associate degrees.
Associate degrees may represent a terminal degree in a vocational field or may prepare students to complete a bachelor’s degree at a four-year institution.
Three degrees exist at the graduate level: Master's degree, professional degree, or a doctoral degree.
Russian Education System
Education in Russia is compulsory (required by law) for students 6 through 15 years of age.
Primary school begins for students from 6 years old to 10 years old.
Secondary school begins for students from 10 years old to 15 years old.
Senior school begins for students from 15 years old to 17 years old.
Primary and secondary school includes 11 years of study. Every school has a core curriculum of academic subjects.
After completing this stage, students are awarded the Atestat o Srednem (Polnom) Obshchem Obrazovanii or the Certificate of Secondary Complete General Education.
Russian Grading and Subjects
Russian students are graded on a scale of 2-5 (5 being the top grade)
Each student has his/her "diary"; a personal book off academic achievements in which teachers record the given grades.
Mandatory subjects are Russian literature, Russian language, Russian history, world history, and the maths and sciences.
Class work often means reciting and written and oral testing. Criticism by the teaccher in front of the other students is frequent. If a student doesn't meet the standard, they are "left back" to remain another year.
Russian Academic Year
There are four terms in a school year with vacations throughout the year. 1 week in November and March, 2 weeks in January, and then roughly 3 months of summer vacation. School begins on September 1st and ends in the last week of May, with final exams in June. Some schools require extra study on Saturdays.
Russian Higher Education
American Academic Year
The school calendar usually begins in August or September and continues through May or June.
The academic year at many schools is composed of two terms called “semesters.” (Some schools use a three-term calendar known as the “trimester” system.)
Some schools divide the year into the quarter system of four terms.
There is 3 months of summer vacation.
At the end of each semester, a grade for the quality and quantity of your work in a given class. A student’s academic standing is determined by the number of credits (classes) completed and his or her GPA and report cards are usually sent out to parents.