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Transcript of Mindfulness
Countries like North Korea and Afghanistan weren’t always under-developed and poor. North Korea started out as just Korea, still connected with South Korea. After WWII, when Japan no longer ruled them and they were in charge of themselves, they couldn’t agree on what type of government they should have. So they split up. Russia took control of the North and the USA the South. Soon enough, North Korea went downhill under a communist leadership, while South Korea thrived as a democratic republic. Now South Korea is nearly as wealthy and developed as us. As for Afghanistan, they started okay, but when the Afghanistan war hit, they went downhill rapidly. Even today, Australian soldiers are over in the war fighting for Afghanistan in the war against Taliban soldiers.
Kenya has always been under-developed. On top of that, refugee camps in Kenya are getting over crowded, with over 600,000 people living in a small area. Refugees come from neighbouring countries, but mainly Somalia and Ethiopia. They are low on resources & medicine. But the real problem is the lack of sustainable food & water supplies. Because it is so crowded, law & order & even the basic requirements of life are not being met and there is no chance of improvement.
Young countries like Australia have developed over time. A long time ago, before Australia federated, they weren’t as wealthy as they are now. There were only 6 states, and each was very separate from each other. Each state had its own governments, laws and taxes. Each state also had different railway tracks and trade tariffs for selling to other colonies, which made trade and transport difficult. Soon enough, the idea of federation was born. Henry Parkes and other willing people held conferences and drew up a constitution to suit everyone. After many amendments and 2 referendums, the people voted in favour & federation was declared. Soon, lots of people came to Australia, and we got more and more money. Taxes became lower and the amount workers got paid went up. And with good international relations & trade with other developed countries, we became highly developed ourselves.
And lastly, there is USA and Japan. These countries have always been wealthy, starting out that way. They are 2 of the most populated countries in the world but also 2 of the most technologically advanced and highly developed. They have elements of utopia, like sustainable energy & resources; extremely well equipped defense forces; good cultural identity and strong economies. To conclude, all countries are different, if we can help undeveloped countries to be like Australia, USA and Japan, we may finally achieve Utopia. 5 countries with good effects from the past. Tom, Tess, Corey and Zack. 12th January 2010
The Earthquake that hit Haiti's capital city of Port au Prince, Affected more than 3 million people. More than 250.000 homes were demolished as well as 30.000 other buildings. In the first two hours after the main earthquake around 8 aftershocks were recorded. By the 24th of January, at least 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater had been recorded by. The earthquake caused major damage in Port-au-Prince, Jacmel and other settlements in the region. Many notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail. Haitians received help from all over the world. United States and European Union promised long-term help by reconstruction of the city.
26th December 2004
The tsunami, which hit Sumatra coast in the Indian ocean a day after Christmas. Almost 250.000 died beneath deadly waves, which were produced by an underwater earthquake with a power of 9.1 on the Richter's scale. The tsunami completely erased parts of Sumatra and left nothing behind. It is the third largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph. The earthquake had the longest duration of faulting ever observed, between 8.3 and 10 minutes. It caused the entire planet to vibrate as much as 1 centimetre and triggered other earthquakes as far away as Alaska. Its epicentre was between Simeulue and mainland Indonesia. The plight of the affected people and countries prompted a worldwide humanitarian response. In all, the worldwide community donated more than $14 billion in humanitarian aid. After 6 years, most of the infrastructure has been repaired and normal life is starting again. With help of donations, more than 52.000 homes and 300 hospitals were built.
Hurricane Katrina was the deadliest and most destructive Atlantic hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the costliest natural disaster, as well as one of the five deadliest hurricanes, in the history of the United States. Among recorded Atlantic hurricanes, it was the sixth strongest overall. At least 1,833 people died in the hurricane and subsequent floods, making it the deadliest U.S. hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane; total property damage was estimated at $81 billion, nearly triple the damage brought by Hurricane Andrew in 1992. Hurricane Katrina formed over the Bahamas on August 23, 2005 and crossed southern Florida as a moderate Category 1 hurricane, causing some deaths and flooding there before strengthening rapidly in the Gulf of Mexico. The hurricane strengthened to a Category 5 hurricane over the warm Gulf water, but weakened before making its second landfall as a Category 3 hurricane on the morning of Monday, August 29 in southeast Louisiana. It caused severe destruction along the Gulf coast from central Florida to Texas, much of it due to the storm surge. The most significant number of deaths occurred in New Orleans, Louisiana, which flooded as the levee system catastrophically failed, in many cases hours after the storm had moved inland. Eventually 80% of the city and large tracts of neighbouring parishes became flooded, and the floodwaters lingered for weeks. However, the worst property damage occurred in coastal areas, such as all Mississippi beachfront towns, which were flooded over 90% in hours, as boats and casino barges rammed buildings, pushing cars and houses inland, with waters reaching 10–19 km from the beach. Now, years after the hurricane, many people still live in trailers and not in their own homes.
12th May 2008
An earthquake with 7.9 Magnitude killed 69.000 people in Sichuan Province in China. The earthquake created damage of costs estimated at around 85 billion dollars. The earthquake was also felt in nearby countries and as far away as both Beijing and Shanghai—1,500 kilometres (932 mi) and 1,700 kilometres (1,056 mi) away—where office buildings swayed with the tremor. Official figures stated that 69,197 were confirmed dead, including 68,636 in Sichuan province, and 374,176 injured, with 18,222 listed as missing. The earthquake left about 4.8 million people homeless, though the number could be as high as 11 million. Approximately 15 million people lived in the affected area. It was the deadliest earthquake to hit China since the 1976 Tangshan earthquake, which killed at least 240,000 people, and the strongest since the 1950 Chayu earthquake in the country, which registered at 8.5 on the Richter magnitude scale. It is the 21st deadliest earthquake of all time. Nearly 3 years after the catastrophe, people are still living in tents, with no money to build a new home. Many Chinese companies donated money, but they still don't know where the money has gone.
The war in Afghanistan
Afghanistan has long been used as a battleground for strategic wars by larger external powers. This is in part due to its geographic position between the Middle East, Central Asia and South Asia. In addition, the fragmented and polarised nature of Afghan society, which is made up of many different ethnic groups, has led to its multiple internal struggles which have gained support from the different external powers. The almost continuous devastation caused to the country for over the past three decades is a testimony to the strength and endurance of its people and the groups who work towards rebuilding their country. The War in Afghanistan began on 7 October 2001, when the armed forces of the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, France, and the Afghan United Front (Northern Alliance) launched Operation Enduring Freedom. The U.S. organized the operation in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11 in the United States. The objective of the invasion was to dismantle the Al Qaeda organization and end its use of Afghanistan as a base. The U.S. also intended to remove the fundamentalist Taliban regime from power in Afghanistan. The Taliban protected Al Qaeda and had refused to arrest Osama bin Laden for his ordering of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
List of most undeveloped countries:
1. Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
7. Burkina Faso
8. Sierra Leone
9. Central African Republic
18. Côte d'lvoire
35. Papua New Guinea
42. Bangladesh Conclusion: All of these countries in this list have either had issues in the past or problems now. Some have had both. It will take a long time for all of these countries listed to regain control of their country and meet the standards that we have in Australia today. These countries are all underdeveloped and are what we call third world countries. They haven’t had much of a chance to grow but even at these stages much is being done to support them. Many communities are helping out and are giving international aid to them. But there is still a very long way to go and it won’t be easy. Australia
Australia’s planning to nationalize our education standard, to manage our financial situation, and to make us a country that doesn’t rely on imports, but exports products has made Australia a very strong country. Australia has put lots of long-term plans into place to improve our situation in the future, such as the health care rebate. Many of the plans that the government puts into place may not affect us straight away, but will support our financial situation in the future. Australia has the world’s 13th largest economy, with a GDP of 918.978 billion! It also has one of the highest quality of life ratings. Their health and education is extremely good, with nearly a 100% literacy rate and an extremely high percentage of college graduates. Australia has an average life expectancy of 81.2 years.
Here are 4 more countries with similar plans in place, and a brief explanation of what they are doing.
Norway is one of the most developed countries in the world. Norway has an extremely high education standard, and a very low poverty or unemployment rate. Norway made the decision not to join the EU, which worked out well for them, as most of Europe is struggling financially, but they still have good relations with neighboring countries. Norway doesn’t have to rely on importing products from other countries, because they have some of the largest reserves of petrol, natural gasses, minerals, wood, seafood and drinking water in the world. It also exports lots of oil, and has lots of Hydropower. This country is recognized internationally for it’s universal health care, advanced schooling systems, and a very good social security system.
Holland has a very high education and literacy standard, and low poverty and unemployment rates. In 2011, The 16.7 million citizens that live in Holland were rated the happiest in the world. The average life expectancy is 79.8 years. It’s beautiful cities, low taxes, stable economy and a great government makes Holland a great place to live.
The USA is the most powerful country in the world with a GDP of 15$ Trillion!!!!!! This GDP is the largest in the world. The USA is a major importer and exporter, constantly doing trade with other countries. Although the US loses points on the UN scale, because their population is 315 million, and there is a 15% poverty rate, 9% unemployment average, but in some states it is a 14% unemployment rate! Even though The USA has a relatively high life expectancy of 79 years, the lose points in healthcare, because 33% of the adult population are obese. As well as this, America is spiralling into debt. As well as damaging their own economy, it is also affecting their trade partners.
New Zealand is a small group of islands close to Australia. They were one of the last islands to be settled by humans, so the landscape there is beautiful, and Flora and Fauna is abundant. It’s education, healthcare and employment standards are all very high, and New Zealand has a life expectancy of 80.2 years. New Zealand gets a good boost for their economy from tourism, which is very high there because of the beautiful scenery. Comparing countries Comparison Human Development
How the system Works
The HDI chart (Human Development Index) is based on how well basic requirements of human life is met. For instance main benefactors are food, water and shelter, then the next set of requirements involve a larger range including health/sanitation etc. The system works by measuring how much this country has and how much what it has is growing each year. It also takes into account the average life expectancy at birth and expected years of schooling.
Top end of the scale…
Australia was recorded in 2011 to have the second highest human development rating at 0.929 close after Norway at 0.943. This is an outstanding rating for Australia however well earnt. Over the past years with government funding etc. farmers have been increasing product growth rate to a current 2.8 percent however the rate is beginning to slouch due to oversea exports. Australia is also currently looking at several different water supply options such as fresh water catchment facilities and desalination plants. These options are capable of supplying water to the whole of Australia through out a severe fifty-year drought with no rain at all. Australia is also advancing in the other areas of the HDI chart with 18.0 expected years of schooling and an average of 81.7 life expectancy at birth.
EXPECTED GROWTH/DECLINE discussion
It has been predicted that Australia will continue to grow in many aspects over the coming years with the expected population in 2050 currently at 42 million. This means that greater requirements may arise and the land will be valued more because of less space, this may result in a Financial Crises. And Lack of Space with more mouths to feed may end in the negative.
In conclusion I believe that Australia will reach it’s peak HDI ranking in roughly 2025 then enter a slump.
Bottom end of the scale…
Kenya, 143 on the scale.
Kenya is ranked in the low human development section of the HDI scale and rightfully so. Kenya has a human development rate of 0.509 meaning it is lacking strongly in this area of the chart. Kenya also has a life expectancy at birth of only 57.1 due to lack of resources in the area to cure many non-severe sicknesses. Kenya has an expected schooling life of only 7.0 years meaning that jobs in places other than Kenya may be unachievable due to higher standards. In general Kenya is a lesser place for high standard living compared to Australia, however one of the many key aspects in this is Kenya’s lack of international relations. Kenya is also not active in the way of high production farming technology and desalination plants etc.
EXPECTED GROWTH/DECLINE discussion
Kenya according to predictions will hit 65 million inhabitants in 2050. With a current population of 43 million I believe that Kenya has begun the Predicament suggested earlier (refer to Australia Expected Growth/Decline Discussion). I believe Kenya has no simple option to free themselves from this, and while no action is taken they will continue to further their problems until crises hits epidemic etc.
In Conclusion I believe Kenya has entered a slump it canot exit without global assistance and level headed leaders.