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There was a beginning
Transcript of There was a beginning
Red-shift effect: light appears redder when a star is moving away from the earth and bluer when coming toward
why most cosmologists support a beginning of the universe
"Many people do not like the idea that time has a beginning, probably because it smacks of divine intervention." -Stephen Hawking
So where did evil come from?
God created beings who had the capacity to fail
God's creations have real power to make real choices
If God created us without that right, we wouldn't be having this discussion
God didn't create us to be robots
3 types of worlds God could have created:
The Fine-Tuning of the Universe
Ex. Tuning a guitar
Imagine a universe starter kit
Each knob must be precisely set, or you don't have a life-permitting universe
ex. If the neutron mass were 0.1 percent more massive, the universe would not have sufficient heavy elements essential for life, or if it were 0.1 percent less massive, all of the starts would have collaposed into black holes.
These values that include the strengths of the fundarmental forces of gravity, the strong nuclear force (which holds the nucleus together), the weak nuclear foce (which govern radiation), and the electromagnetic foce (which governs the attraction of opposite charges to one another). Other quanties range from the charge of an electron to the expansion rate of the universe. Some values must be set within modestly tight ranges.
There was a beginning
"God created things which had free will. That means creatures which can go wrong or right. Some people think they can imagine reature which is free but had no possibility of going wrong, but I can't. If a thing is free to be good, it is also free to be bad. And free will is what has made evil possible. Why, then, did God give them free will? Because free will, though it makes evil possible, is also the only thing that makes possible any love or goodness or joy worth having. A world of automata-of creatures that worked liek machine would hardly be worth creating."
Why doesn't God remove evil from the world?
God defines evil
God denounces evil
God defeats evil
God destroys evil
"the universe is just there, and that's all?"...
also if the strong nuclear force were just 2 percent weaker or 0.3 percent stronger, the universe would lack sufficient quantities of essential elements