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Social Learning Theories
Transcript of Social Learning Theories
Albert Bandura (1925)
Professor of Psychology at Stanford University
Bandura's Social Learning Theory
Analysis of the Theory
Integration of cognitive learning behaviours
Explains a lot of behaviours
Is easy and applicable
Theory of Differential Association
Criminal behavior is learned through associating with other criminal individuals.
Problems with the theory
Does not take into account personality traits that might affect a person's suscepitibility to environmental influences
EDWIN H. SUTHERLAND
Social Learning Theories
By Hannah Ledlie and Elspeth Macintosh
Alfred Bandura biography: http://stanford.edu/dept/psychology/bandura/bandura-bio-pajares/Albert%20_Bandura%20_Biographical_Sketch.html
American Sociological Society Edwin Sutherland biography: http://www.asanet.org/about/presidents/Edwin_Sutherland.cfm
Wikipedia page for Edwin Sutherland: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Sutherland
Sutherland biography: http://cw.routledge.com/ref/criminology/sutherland.html
Sutherland biography: http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195396607/obo-9780195396607-0148.xml
Differential Association Theory- explanation and examples: http://study.com/academy/lesson/differential-association-theory-definition-examples.html
More technical explanation of Differential Association Theory: http://www.d.umn.edu/~bmork/2306/Theories/BAMdiffassn.htm
Criticisms of Differential Association Theory: https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/deviance-social-control-and-crime-7/the-symbolic-interactionalist-perspective-on-deviance-64/differential-association-theory-381-8939/
Strengths and weaknesses of Bandura's learning theory - http://bandurasociallearningtheory.weebly.com/strengths--weaknesses.html
About modelling process, learning theory and observational behaviour - http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/sociallearning.htm
What are social learning theories?
How do you think people learn?
What do you think learning has got to do with the likelihood of comitting a crime?
Social Learning Theory (1977)
Bobo doll experiment
"Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action."
Born in Nebraska, 13th August 1883
Earned Ph.D in Sociology in 1913
' in 1924
Developed his theory and released several updated editions over the next few decades
Crime occurs when behaviours learned within different cultures and groups come into conflict
If an individual’s peer group is delinquent, he will identify that behaviour as normal.
Criminals can exist in race, income or sociological background.
Other work by Bandura on Agression...
Adolescent Agression (1959)
Agression: a Social Learning Analysis (1973)
Most learning of criminal behaviour takes place within small groups.
"In an area where the delinquency rate is high, a boy who is sociable, gregarious, active, and athletic is very likely to come in contact with other boys in the neighborhood, learn delinquent behavior from them, and become a gangster; the psychopathic boy who is isolated, introverted and inert may remain at home, not become acquainted with other boys in the neighborhood, and not become delinquent."
- an individual demonstrates the behaviour
- descriptions of behaviour
- real or fictional characters displaying a behaviour
Generations of students used his textbook and learned Differential Association Theory
Numerous empirical studies supported the key arguments of his theory
Other explanations for criminal behaviour built on Sutherland's insights
What is needed for effective modeling?
Theory focuses on the eventual outcome of the learning, not the actual process
Doesn't explain ALL behaviour e.g. behaviour disorders
Doesn't take into account that one person's reward may be another person's punishment
Doesn't acknowledge physical / mental change