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DREAMing Out Loud: Transmedia Activism by Undocumented Youth

Media practices in DREAM activist networks

Sasha Costanza-Chock

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of DREAMing Out Loud: Transmedia Activism by Undocumented Youth

Transparency Experts Amplification Messaging Standing Media Practices: Characteristics Sasha Costanza-Chock @schock | http://schock.cc Media Teams & Working Groups Occupy Detroit Photo: Martin Engelking Occupy London Photos: Neil Cummings Occupy Vancouver Photo: Occupy Vancouver Media Occupy LA Photos: Neon Tommy Occupy Toronto Photo: Steve E. Photo: David Shankbone Occupy Wall St (NYC) Live Streams http://web.media.mit.edu/~cfd/occupystreamsmap/ http://globalrevolution.tv/ World Social Forum, Brazil, 2009 G8, Scotland, 2005 Photo: ClarA, https://docs.indymedia.org/Local/ImcUkG8Dispatch Occupydata Hackathon cdetar, occupy hashtag URL visualization: http://alltheurls.tirl.org/pixel/date/#all/1 amac, new occupy hashtag users over time
http://montera34.com/occupyresearch/author/amac/ Overview Key Concepts Mixed Methods Media Practices Conclusions Discuss! Social Movement Media Practices Media Ecology Transmedia Mobilization Movement based research | Interviews | Workshops | Textual Analysis | + Print Film Games Design Mobile Music Posters Code #Occupy: Movement Media Practices People's Mic 14 Occupy @reply networks, by Ryanne Turenhout, Ruben Hazelaar, Thomas Boeschoten and Mirko Schäfer.
http://rlturenhout.net/2011/12/visualising-14-hashtag-networks-occupydata/ New Facebook Occupy supporter page activity Caren, Neal and Gaby, Sarah, Occupy Online: Facebook and the Spread of Occupy Wall Street (October 24, 2011). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1943168 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1943168 #OccupyWallSt, July 23rd #OccupyWallSt, October 13 Gilad Lotan, SocialFlow Social Media Media Practices "Things that people do with the media" (Couldry, 2004) Tools, skills, and norms that social movement participants use to create, circulate, curate, and amplify movement media across platforms. Systematic dispersal of social movement narrative across multiple media platforms, creating a distributed and participatory movement ‘world,’ with multiple entry points for organizing, for the purpose of strengthening movement identity and outcomes. Characterized by: 1. political economy of the media system; 2. technical affordances of available media platforms; 3. levels of ICT access and read/write/execute media literacies in the population; 4. legal protections of and constraints on speech; 5. media practices Megaphone + People's Mic,
WTO Jail Solidarity, Seattle, 1999
youtu.be/yBUZH2vCD_k?t=1h4m2s People's Mic, OWS, 2011 GAs
Open WGs
Open notes
Livestreaming GAs Security culture
Tyranny of structurelessness
Structural barriers
Egos & 'Hard Core' Are there media and communication experts who work to produce and circulate movement messages? If so, what are the accountability mechanisms that link their messaging to participation from the movement base? What are the movement's mechanisms for internal and external transparency in decisionmaking? Are there mechanisms (formal or informal) by which voices from the movement base are amplified across platforms? What steps does the movement take to lift up the voices of participants who are in positions of structural disadvantage? Formal mechanisms: POC WG, OTH
Procedural mods: Progressive Stack
Informal: Discussion, debate, dialogue Do movement norms encourage participants to speak for themselves, to speak but remain ‘on message,’ or not to speak at all? Are there few, or many, movement spokespeople who represent the movement in the mass media? How concentrated is movement ‘standing’ in mass media? Tools, Skills, and Norms Tools | Platforms | Transparency | Experts | Amplification | Messaging | Spokespeople | Openness | (etc) Context
Key Concepts
Media Ecology
Media Practices
Conclusions Occupy Boston Wisconsin, March 2011 Deep Dish TV, 1986 The Uptake, RNC 2008 Broadcast Infrastructure http://www.loudsauce.com/occupyspots OccupySpots Not just social media |
Spanish language print + broadcasters, community media |
Rich and complex transmedia activist practices |
Cultural depth, cross-movement histories, and tactical innovation | DREAMing Out Loud:
Transmedia Activism and Undocumented Youth DREAM activists, 2010 Free Software Open/Closed In what ways does the movement media culture lean towards open (participatory), and in what ways does it lean towards closed (top-down)? Media Ecology Hostile or indifferent Anglo mass media, occasional opportunities | Relatively low visibility in white progressive blogosphere |
Supportive Spanish language mass media |
Increasingly influential social media |
Supportive Community media Freedom rides Sit-ins and Live Streams http://globalrevolution.tv/ Media Workshops & Trainings Print Film Games Video Mobile Music Posters New Tools Transmedia Activism Coming Out Social Media Wisconsin, March 2011 Deep Dish TV, 1986 The Uptake, RNC 2008 Broadcast Mixed Media Sit-in at McCain's office, 2010 Free Software END our pain sit-in, 10.12.2011, DHS LA 2010 dreamiscoming freedom ride Civil Rights Freedom Riders, 1961 Denver Obama Campaign HQ sitin, June 10, 2012: http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/23223516 Santiago Uceda Favianna Rodriguez Poster by Julio Salgado Julio Salgado Poster: Julio Salgado Poster: IDEPSCA Workshop image from vozmob.net Undocuqueer Social Media: can augment relationships
with mass media reporters English Language Mass Media Social Media Spanish Language Mass Media Community Media Special thanks: Rogelio Alejandro Lopez “[Immigrant youth] are often able to find, whether it’s a friend or someone they generally love, to get married to them and they’re able to get status that way. But there’s a whole group of immigrant youth that don’t get married because they’re identified as queer, you know, and so disproportionately the leadership in immigrant youth movement actually identifies as queer.” ['L.C.,' online organizer] “If you’re in a queer space, do you tell them you’re undocumented, or if you’re in a undocumented space, do you tell ‘em you’re queer? [...] I’ve heard conversations, you know, homophobic talk within undocumented folks, I’m like, “Guess what, you’re part of an oppressed group, do not oppress other groups.” ['K.T.,' artist/activist] "I found Student Immigrant Movement on Facebook. What really struck me about SIM and like this Facebook page is cause, you know, I was undocumented, my family was going back to Brazil and I really felt like these students from the stuff that they put on their Facebook. They had videos of the kids running after the bus, they had a video of Mario telling his story, and then when I saw those videos I was like, “I am one of those students.” Right away I wanted to be a part of them, and that’s what I did, I just, I was living forty-five minutes south of Boston and I came all the way on the commuter rail, just to check ‘em out.” [S.U.] Story based organizing + Controlling the narrative "One of the sound bytes that we would always refer to, which is what we’re trying to combat now, is the sound byte that we were the model immigrant, that 'we came here at no fault of our own.' Those are some things within the immigrant youth movement that we don’t agree with [...] [Our framing is:] We were brought here by our courageous parents, who are responsible parents, and wanted their children to have a better life, right, because we don’t want to, we don’t have to criminalize our parents." [Anon.] “I could send a Twitter message to a reporter and that reporter will respond ten times faster than if I send a press release. And it’s ten times less work.” [O.N.] Explicit cross-platform strategy “For example, whenever we have a rally, an event, we make sure that we have key networks there, like Univision, Telemundo, Teleflash, Channel 2, Channel 7. But when the news stories come out, we always post those news stories on our Twitter and our Facebook, because we know that’s the only way that younger folks, and I would say, 80% of people get their news from, so we are very intentional about connecting the two.” [Anon.] It makes people trust us. When they see us in El Planeta, they’re like, “oh I saw you in El Planeta so that’s why I wanna be involved,” or, “I saw you in the Brazilian Times and I heard so much about you guys, here’s a hundred dollars, I wanna donate to the campaign.” In terms of getting more support from like your own community, its a good resource, cause it almost makes you more legit, you know (laughs)? Even though its your community, when they see you in the paper they’re like, “oh these kids are real.” [’S.U,’ student organizer] Key to building legitimacy Ethnic media more willing to follow
DREAMer narratives
"Ethnic media has been one of our biggest resources. El Mundo, El Planeta, The Brazilian Times, and all the Brazilian media outlets, because they get the narrative out there. And they usually use the narrative that we want them to use, which is different from the American media, which is like they can spin it any way they want." [’S.U,’ student organizer] Social Media: can generate f2f connections Undocuqueer leadership Movements within movements Undocubus, 2012 Context SB1070 + Copycat Bills Obama Administration
Increased raids, detention, deportation, border militarization DREAM Act
Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act / Ley de fomento para el progreso, alivio y educación para menores extranjeros DACA
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals SComm: "Secure Communities"
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