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elizabethan era crime and punishment
Transcript of elizabethan era crime and punishment
-only dealt with the violation of the ruler's peace
-they could ONLY fine or imprison
Court of Requests:
- a special court for poor men's causes-people too poor to get into common pleas
Court of the Duchy Chamber of Lancaster
- this court was equivalent to our Supreme Court today
- reviewed cases that occured in its jurisdiction
Most common crimes for Nobility included:
-High Treason, Blasphemy, Spying, Murder, Witchcraft
Punishment would vary from social classes:
*The highest nobles were automatically freed from torture, however, others were not so lucky.
*Instruments such as the Rack, the Scavenger's Daughter, the Iron Maiden, etc. were used for extracting confessions of the accused crime.
Common Crimes Committed by Commoners:
- Theft, begging, poaching, adultery, debtors
- Hanging, burning, whipping, branding, Ducking Stools
Other Methods were Usually Reserved for Specific Crimes:
- Boling in oil or water- usually for poisoners
-Chopping the right hand- for theft
*Most Punishments were carried out in public view *
Elizabethan Era Crime and Punishment
To understand what the Crime and Punishment in the Elizabethan era was you first need to understand....
The Elizabethan Era was during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. (1558-1603)
The Elizabethan era
was considered to be a golden age in history because it was during the English Renaissance, an age of advancement in poetry, music, and literature.
Linda, A.. N.p.. Web. 20 Mar 2014. <http://www.william-shakespeare.info/elizabethan-crime-punishment.htm>.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "English Law." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
Alchin, L.. N.p.. Web. 21 Mar 2014. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-crime-and-punishment.htm>.
Lambert, T.. N.p.. Web. 21 Mar 2014. <http://www.localhistories.org/tudorpun.html>.
Linda Alchin, . N.p.. Web. 24 Mar 2014. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-executions.htm>.
"Crime and Punishment in Elizabethan England." Crime and Punishment in Elizabethan England. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2014.
"Vagrancy in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England." Vagrancy in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
Kew, Richmond. N.p.. Web. 26 Mar 2014. <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/research-guides/star-chamber.htm>.
- Trials were in favor of prosecution
- Justice is usually swift and brutal
-Trials, if needed, would be continued in the torture room.
People Committing Crimes:
-often blamed for events that the gov't could not explain
-they were stereotypically supected to be poor, old, helpless, unprotected women
-would rather steal than live in streets because begging was one of the worst crimes in the Elizabethan era
* Prisons were typically very dirty, and full of rats and bugs
* Most prisons were holding areas for the people who committed crimes and were awaiting trial or their punishment
The Poor Law: 1563 Act
Parliament passed the Act of the Elizabethan Poor Law in 1563 for the different types of poor people to deserve the different treatments they needed:
The Deserving Poor:
for the young, old, or sick who needed help
- they were provided with clothes, food, or money
The Deserving Unemployed:
people willing to work but are not able to find jobs
- they were cared for in almshouses, orphanages, and workhouses
- those who were sick were taken to hospitals where they were cared for
The Undeserving Poor:
this was for people who chose to become criminals or beggars
- they received extremely harsh punishment, instead of help