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Public Speaking- Introduction
Transcript of Public Speaking- Introduction
PS vs CONVERSATION?
tailored to audience
adapt based on feedback
rules and values a group defines to guide conduct and distinguish between right and wrong
(right decision not always clear)
Occur at each stage of speech process:
PEOPLE MAKE CHOICES?
exhibit the same behavior in all situations
varies on the situation
If it doesn't feel right- it probably isn't
If people think
you are being
will lose your
FREEDOM OF SPEECH
Freedom of Speech is to speech freely without censorship, limitation, or both.
Discrimination against a group based on: ethnicity, color, race, nationality, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion, etc.
Protected under constitution- but is it ethical?
even if it's legal, being unethical can backfire and damage your credibility
just because you can say something, doesn't always mean you should
What is not the truth:
you intentionally deceive
you tell only part of the truth
you lead audience to incorrect conclusions
taking out of context
If you have to lie to make your speech work, pick another topic
Leaving out information that doesn't support your claim can be dangerous and ruin your credibility
Demonstrating an open mind
Holding the speaker accountable
be the audience member you would want if you were giving a speech
If you have a question, ask it in a way that doesn't attack the speaker
audience's perception of your effectiveness and appropriateness as a communicator
degree to which the audience perceive the presenter as honest and honorable
a thorough understanding of your topic
Monitor emotional reaction
Avoid jumping to conclusions
Listen with eyes and ears
Listen for main points
Be a selfish listener
(identify your listening goals)
Listen for pleasure
Listen for information
Listen to empathize
Listen to evaluate
does not mean "harsh" or "negative"
process of listening to evaluate the quality, appropriateness, value, and importance
mental process of making judgements about the conclusions presented
Why is Public Speaking important?
The communication process
Discuss ethics and freedom of speech. Generate some speech categories that might be ethically questionable (ie. racist speeches)
Provide a list of terms that a speaker might want to avoid to be sure they are speaking ethically
How can a speaker be "alert" to differences and values among audience members?
Name some important values a speaker should have in the speeches (i.e. respect)
Name some celebrities/politicians/etc that are good public speakers. What makes them good? Name some bad public speakers? What makes them bad? Are they ethical?
A speaker is using evidence that she knows is out of date, but it supports her point about underage drinking, while the current evidence disproves it. What might a person who believes in situational ethics say about her evidence usage? What would a person who believes ethics are absolute say about her choice? What are some culturally relative factors that might influence the ethicalness of her choice? How would her choice be viewed in light of the ethical guidelines of this campus and this classroom?
REFLECT & DISCUSS
Indicate your own reaction to or first impression of each of the following words or phrases. Record your first response: work through quickly. Use the following scale: (5) highly favorable, (4) favorable, (3) neutral, (2) unfavorable, or (1) highly unfavorable
Affordable Health Care Act
To what extent do you think your reaction to each of these phrases would affect your ability to concentrate fully and listen actively to a speaker's message?
In other words, based on your varied emotional responses to these phrases, how would each phrase tend to distract or assist you in listening actively to a speech on that topic?
Get into small groups of about 3-4
Write down your thoughts/ feelings/ emotions/ etc towards the listed words
words, phrases- written, spoken
gestures, facial expressions, eye contact, posture, touch, paralanguage, personal appearance
DECODE: interpret, add meaning