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What is a myth?

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Alexis Gentiluomo

on 11 April 2016

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Transcript of What is a myth?

Myths
Understanding, Reading, and Writing Our Own!
What is a myth?
Myths are stories that explain the world around us and human experiences,
Mythological stories and characters reflect a cultures past traditions.
GOAL!
Now that we have learned about the different elements of myths, as well as looked at examples of different myth's in greek mythology we will begin writing our own myths!
Let's go back down the mountain to begin writing our own myths....
What do myth's teach us?
Problems/Situations
Earthquake shakes the city

Monsters in the sea

Solar Eclipse

Volcanic Eruption

Love and Jealousy
Elements in Myths
Good vs. Evil
Myth's often show a struggle between good and evil forces.
Answers to questions about the natural world
"Who made the universe?"
"Where does thunder come from?"
"Why do flowers grow?"
"Where do echos come from?"
"Who put the big dipper in the sky?"
"Why do we have oceans?"
Morals and Lessons
Pandora- Curiosity sometimes kills the cat.

Narcissus- Vanity causes you much trouble.

Trojan Horse- Don't trust your enemy

Medusa- Beauty is only skin deep, whereas true beauty comes from one's self.

Orpheus- don't look back on bad situations or memories, don't intervene with fate.

Daedalus- don't push your luck, sometimes it's better to just follow the rules to avoid trouble, or in Icarus's case, death.

Theseus- be prepared and think ahead.

(Characters)
Gods and Goddesses
Humans
Mythical Creatures
Vampires
Centaurs
Witches
Dragons
Nymphs
Setting
Agora - a busy marketplace

Acropolis - sacred hill

Mount Olympus - home of the gods

Olympic Games - at Olympia

Partheon - teme for Athena

Aegan Sea
Endings/Resolutions
Building of a new temple
Reclaimed the kingdom
sent to Sparta to live for eternity
defeated a serpent/mythical creatures
rode off on a golden chariot
found treasure
Explanations
Myth's often give us explanations for questions we have about the natural world.
For example, the idea of soul mates comes from greek mythology.
"According to Greek mythology, humans were originally created with four arms, four legs and a head with two faces. Fearing their power, Zeus split them into two separate parts, condemning them to spend their lives in search of their other halves."
What makes a myth different from other stories?
Tension between opposing forces in the Universe (different Gods/Goddesses, forces of nature, etc...)
A struggle for power
Explanation of the origins of life and the natural world
Fate and prophecies
Supernatural or non-human characters
A quest or completion of an important task
Examples of Popular Myths
The Lost World of Atlantis
Pandora's Box

Medusa
http://www.kidzworld.com/article/960-history-the-lost-city-of-atlantis
http://www.history-for-kids.com/pandoras-box-poem.html
http://www.dltk-kids.com/world/greece/m-story-medusa-and-athena.htm
Greek Myth's: Narcissus
The story of a man who fell in love with his own reflection
Before we beginning writing our own myths, we need some practice.
Each period (3, 4, 6, 7) will write our own myths together as a class.
Each periods will be broken up into 4 groups...
Characters
Setting
Magic
Morals/Lesson/Explanation
Character Group
The character group will be responsible for determining what gods/goddesses, humans, and mythical creatures will be involved in our myths. Each person will have a unique role.
*Each person in the group will be responsible for contributing ideas but everyone will have an individual role.
A & B - Two people will be responsible for drawing or printing out clip-art photos of the gods and goddesses, humans, and mythical creatures.
C - One person will be responsible for writing the description of each of the characters INCLUDING character traits and physical characteristics.
D - One person will be responsible for the presentation of material at the end of the lesson. They will be in charge of presenting the material to one person at the end of the lesson. Create a power point, poster, etc. This person is able to conference with our groups to gain more detail to help their group develop their elements.
Setting Group
Where will our myth take place?
This group is responsible for developing the setting of each period's story. Use examples from greek mythology, use past worksheets, and the internet for ideas.
A & B - Two people will be responsible for drawing the setting of the story. If the story takes place in more than place all settings need to be drawn.
C - One person will be responsible for writing a description of the setting. If the myth is taking place in the market place, what goes on there?
D - One person will be responsible for the presentation of material at the end of the lesson. They will be in charge of presenting the material to one person at the end of the lesson. Create a power point, poster, etc. This person is able to conference with our groups to gain more detail to help their group develop their elements.
Magic
This group will be responsible for creating and describing what magical powers will be present in this story. This can include powers the characters possess AND if there are any magical artifacts! (Ex. Magic Mirror, Amulet that grants magical powers, etc...)
A & B - Two people will be responsible for drawing
the magical artifacts your group came up with. Draw with attention to detail and color!
C - One person will be responsible for writing the description of each of magical artifact INCLUDING if the artifact is used for good or evil.
D - One person will be responsible for the presentation of material at the end of the lesson. They will be in charge of presenting the material to one person at the end of the lesson. Create a power point, poster, etc. This person is able to conference with our groups to gain more detail to help their group develop their elements.
Lesson/Morals
This group is responsible for deciding what the lesson in this story is going to be. Are their multiple lessons or morals?
A - This individual will be responsible for researching ideas for morals and lessons. These came come from other books or you can brainstorm ideas.
B - One person will be responsible for writing the description of the morals/lesson and also write why it is important to include the lesson you chose in our myth. (beauty is skin deep, curiosity killed the cat, etc...)
C - One person will be responsible for the presentation of material at the end of the lesson. They will be in charge of presenting the material to one person at the end of the lesson. Create a power point, poster, etc. This person is able to conference with our groups to gain more detail to help their group develop their elements.
D -
One person in this group will have a graphic organizer where they will go around and conference with the presenters in each group. They will be responsible for
presenting the material
to the teacher. This role is crucial to helping the class take the elements we have come up with to create a story.
Now what?!
Many author's plan out the elements of their story before they begin writing! That is what we just did as a class. Now, as a class we need to decide where our story is going! Using the characters, setting, magical elements, and lessons/morals how can we create a myth?
Each period will have a different question about the universe to base their story on. After determining the elements in our groups, we will discuss how to resolve and explain the essential question. Think about what natural occurrence you want to explain.
Period 3 - Why do birds fly and fish swim?

Period 4 - How did the Big Dipper get in the sky?

Period 6 - Why do droughts happen?

Period 7 - Why does the sun rise and set?
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