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British Royal Family

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Zsuzsanna Vid

on 13 January 2013

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Transcript of British Royal Family

The Queen is Head of State of the UK and 15 other Commonwealth realms. The elder daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, she was born on 21st April 1926 and became Queen at the age of 25, and has reigned through more than five decades of enormous social change and development. The Queen is married to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and has four children and eight grandchildren. The British Royal Family The information presented here
was taken from the Royal Family's
homepage: www.royal.gov.uk The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh celebrated their 64th wedding anniversary on 20 November 2011.

Shortly after the Royal Family returned from South Africa in 1947, the Princess's engagement to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten was announced.
The couple, who had known each other for many years, were married in Westminster Abbey on 20 November 1947.
On Wednesday, 6 February 1952, Princess Elizabeth received the news of her father's death and her own accession to the throne, while staying in a remote part of Kenya.

The tour had to be abandoned, and the young Princess flew back to Britain as Queen. She was greeted by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and other officials at the airport.

The Coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953. It was a solemn ceremony conducted by Dr Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury. Lieutenant Mountbatten, now His Royal Highness
The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh,
was the son of Prince Andrew of Greece
and a great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria.
He was born Prince of Greece and Denmark
in Corfu on 10 June 1921. Prince Charles, now The Prince of Wales,
heir apparent to the throne, was born in 1948,
and his sister, Princess Anne, now The Princess Royal, two years later. After Princess Elizabeth became Queen,
their third child, Prince Andrew, arrived in 1960
and the fourth, Prince Edward, in 1964.
Prince Andrew and Prince Edward were the first children to be born to a reigning monarch since Queen Victoria had her family. Their grandchildren Peter and Zara Phillips
(b. 1977 and 1981)
Princess Anne, the Princess Royal
and Mark Phillips Prince William of Wales and Prince Henry of Wales
(b. 1982 and 1984)
Prince Charles of Wales and Lady Diana Princess Beatrice of York and Princess Eugenie of York
(b. 1988 and 1990)
Prince Andrew, the Duke of York and Sarah Ferguson The Lady Louise Windsor and Viscount Severn
(b.2003 and 2007)
Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex and Sophie Rhys-Jones Their great-grandchildren:
Miss Savannah Phillips and Isla Elizabeth Phillips
(b. 2010 and 2012)
Peter and Autumn Phillips On 29 July 1981 The Prince of Wales married Lady Diana Spencer in St Paul's Cathedral.

They had two children, Prince William Arthur Philip Louis and Prince Henry Charles Albert David (always known as Prince Harry) who became second and third in line of succession to The Throne.

Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge, was born on 21 June 1982.
Prince Harry was born on 15 September 1984.

The marriage of The Prince and Princess of Wales was dissolved on 28 August 1996.
The Princess of Wales was killed in a car crash on 31 August 1997 in Paris. Marriages On 9 April 2005 The Prince of Wales married Mrs. Camilla Parker Bowles.

Upon her marriage to The Prince of Wales, Mrs Parker Bowles became known as HRH The Duchess of Cornwall. It is intended that The Duchess of Cornwall will use the title HRH The Princess Consort when The Prince of Wales accedes to the Throne. On 29 April 2011 Prince William married Catherine Middleton.

They are expecting their first baby now.

If you want to know more about them, visit: http://www.dukeandduchessofcambridge.org/ On 23 July 1986 Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson married in Westminster Abbey . At the time of their marriage Prince Andrew was created The Duke of York and Sarah became The Duchess of York.

Their first child Beatrice Elizabeth Mary of York was born on 8 August 1988.
Their second child Eugenie Victoria Helena was born on 23 March 1990.
They are fifth and sixth in line of succession to the throne.

In March 1992 it was announced that The Duke and Duchess were to separate; they were divorced in May 1996. On 14 November 1973 The Princess Royal got married to Lieutenant (later Captain) Mark Phillips of The Queen's Dragoon Guards.

Her Royal Highness's first child, Peter Mark Andrew, was born on 15 November 1977.
The Princess's second child, Zara Anne Elizabeth, was born on 15 May 1981.

The marriage was dissolved in April 1992. On 12 December 1992 The Princess Royal married Commander Timothy Laurence, Royal Navy (now Vice Admiral Laurence). SOVEREIGN
1. The Prince of Wales
2. The Duke of Cambridge
3. Prince Henry of Wales
4. The Duke of York
5. Princess Beatrice of York 6. Princess Eugenie of York
7. The Earl of Wessex
8. Viscount Severn
9. The Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor
10. The Princess Royal THE LINE OF SUCCESSION 11. Mr. Peter Phillips
12. Miss Savannah Phillips
13. Miss Isla Phillips
14. Mrs. Michael Tindall
15. Viscount Linley 16. The Hon. Charles Armstrong-Jones
17. The Hon. Margarita Armstrong-Jones
18. The Lady Sarah Chatto
19. Mr Samuel Chatto
20. Master Arthur Chatto 21. The Duke of Gloucester
22. Earl of Ulster
23. Lord Culloden
24. The Lady Cosima Windsor
25. The Lady Davina Lewis 26. Miss Senna Lewis
27. The Lady Rose Gilman
28. Miss Lyla Gilman
29. The Duke of Kent
30. The Lady Amelia Windsor 31. The Lady Helen Taylor
32. Mr Columbus Taylor
33. Master Cassius Taylor
34. Miss Eloise Taylor
35. Miss Estella Taylor 36. The Hon. Albert Windsor
37. The Hon. Leopold Windsor
38. The Lord Frederick Windsor
39. The Lady Gabriella Windsor
40. Princess Alexandra, the Hon. Lady Ogilvy On 19 June 1999 Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex and Viscount Severn and Miss Sophie Rhys-Jones were married. Upon marriage Miss Sophie Rhys-Jones became known as HRH The Countess of Wessex.

Their Royal Highnesses have a daughter, Lady Louise, who was born on 8 November 2003,
and a son, Viscount Severn, who was born on 17 December 2007. On 17 May 2008 Peter Phillips married Miss Autumn Kelly .

Their first child, and the Queen's first great-grandchild, a daughter named Savannah Anne Kathleen was born on 29 December 2010. Savannah is 12th in line for the throne.
On 29 March 2012 Isla Elizabeth Phillips, the second daughter, was born, who is 13th in line for the throne. Some family trees Where do
they live? Throughout the centuries, Britain's kings and queens have built or bought palaces to serve as family homes, workplaces and as centres of government. Some of these are still being used today as official Royal residences and many can be visited by the general public. The residences still standing today
can be roughly divided
into three categories: Official Royal residences

They are held in trust for future generations. As well as being family homes for members of the Royal Family, these are also working buildings which are used for housing the offices of staff from the Royal Household, entertaining official guests and hosting formal events and ceremonies.

The best-known of these residences are probably Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle. Private Estates

They are owned by The Queen and are often used to generate private income through farming or public access to Royal residences.

Some well-known private residences are Balmoral Castle and Sandringham House. Unoccupied Royal residences

They are all other buildings in Great Britain which once housed members of the Royal Family and are therefore of historical interest. These buildings are owned by numerous bodies and individuals and many are open to the general public. Buckingham Palace has served as the official London residence of Britain's sovereigns since 1837 and today is the administrative headquarters of the Monarch.

The State Rooms at Buckingham Palace are open to visitors every year.

Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms. These include 19 State rooms, 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms. The building is 108 metres long across the front, 120 metres deep (including the central quadrangle) and 24 metres high.

Buckingham Palace is furnished and decorated with priceless works of art that form part of the Royal Collection, one of the major art collections in the world today. It is not an art gallery and nor is it a museum. Windsor
Castle Windsor Castle is an official residence of The Queen and the largest occupied castle in the world. A Royal home and fortress for over 900 years, the Castle remains a working palace today.

The Queen uses the Castle both as a private home, where she usually spends the weekend, and as a Royal residence at which she undertakes certain formal duties.

Every year The Queen takes up official residence in Windsor Castle for a month over Easter (March-April), known as Easter Court. During that time The Queen hosts occasional 'dine and sleeps' events for guests, including politicians and public figures.

The Queen is also in residence for a week in June, when she attends the service of the Order of the Garter and the Royal Ascot race meeting. St George's Chapel remains an active centre for worship, with daily services open to all.
Funerals such as those of Princess Margaret and Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, have also taken place there. Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother lies buried in the Chapel with her husband, King George VI, and Princess Margaret, her younger daughter. Palace of
Holyroodhouse Founded as a monastery in 1128, the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh is The Queen's official residence in Scotland. Mary, Queen of Scots lived here between 1561 and 1567. Successive kings and queens have made the Palace of Holyroodhouse the premier royal residence in Scotland.

Today, the Palace is the setting for State ceremonies and official entertaining. During The Queen's Holyrood week, which usually runs from the end of June to the beginning of July, Her Majesty carries out a wide range of official engagements in Scotland.

King George V and Queen Mary held the first garden party in the grounds of Holyroodhouse and the tradition has been maintained to the present day. Each year, The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh entertain around 8,000 guests from all walks of Scottish life during Holyrood week. Balmoral
Castle Balmoral Castle on the Balmoral Estate in Aberdeenshire, Scotland is the private residence of The Queen. Beloved by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, Balmoral Castle has remained a favourite residence for The Queen and her family during the summer holiday period in August and September. The Castle is located on the large Balmoral Estate, a working estate which aims to protect the environment while contributing to the local economy.

The Estate grounds, gardens and the Castle Ballroom are open to visitors from the beginning of April to the end of July each year, under the management of the Balmoral Estate Office. Sandringham
House Sandringham House in Norfolk has been the private home of four generations of Sovereigns since 1862. The Queen and other members of the Royal Family regularly spend Christmas at Sandringham and make it their official base until February each year.

Like Balmoral, the Sandringham Estate is a commercial estate managed privately on The Queen's behalf. Sandringham House, the museum and the grounds are open to visitors. St James's
Palace St. James's Palace is the senior Palace of the Sovereign, with a long history as a Royal residence. As the home of several members of the Royal Family and their household offices, it is often in use for official functions and is not open to the public. The Chapels Royal The term Chapel Royal did not originally refer to a building but an establishment. It is a body of priests and singers to serve the spiritual needs of the Sovereign. Over time the term has become associated with a number of chapels used by monarchs for worship over the centuries. Today the two main Chapels Royal are located at St. James's Palace in London: The Chapel Royal and The Queen's Chapel. Clarence House Clarence House, which stands beside St James's Palace, was built between 1825 and 1827 to the designs of John Nash for Prince William Henry, Duke of Clarence. He lived there as King William IV from 1830 until 1837. During its history, the house has been altered, reflecting the changes in occupancy over nearly two centuries.

It was the London home of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother from 1953 until 2002 and was also the home of The Queen, then Princess Elizabeth, and The Duke of Edinburgh following their marriage in 1947.

Today Clarence House is the official London residence of The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall, and Princes William and Harry. It is open to the public during the summer months each year. Kensington
Palace Kensington Palace in London is a working Royal residence. Of great historical importance, Kensington Palace was the favourite residence of successive sovereigns until 1760. It was also the birthplace and childhood home of Queen Victoria. Today Kensington Palace accommodates the offices and private apartments of a number of members of the Royal Family. Although managed by Historic Royal Palaces, the Palace is furnished with items from the Royal Collection. Hampton Court Palace
Best-known as the home of King Henry VIII, Hampton Court Palace was originally built by Thomas Wolsey, then Archbishop of York and Chief Minister to the King, in 1514, probably for use a a cardinals' palace.

Today, the Palace houses many works of art and furnishings from the Royal Collection. The Tower of London
The Tower of London was founded in 1078 when William the Conqueror ordered the White Tower to be built inside the city walls, adjacent to the Thames.

Since then, it has been used as a fortress, a royal palace, and a prison. Some of its most famous inmates include Lady Jane Grey, Sir Walter Raleigh and Thomas More. The building has also served as a place of execution and torture, an armoury, a treasury, a zoo, the Royal Mint, a public records office, an observatory, and since 1303, the home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom. The Banqueting House
The only remaining part of Whitehall Palace, the Banqueting House is known as the site outsite which King Charles I was executed on a scaffold.

The building was designed by Inigo Jones in 1619. Kew Palace
Queen Charlotte and their 15 children enjoyed family life at Kew Palace (despite its name, it is the size of a manor house rather than a palace) and in its later years, it became a retreat for an ailing King George III. Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh
Towering over the city of Edinburgh since at least the ninth century the Castle has stood as a fortress, a royal palace, a treasury, a prison and a barracks. In recent times this ancient stronghold’s royal associations were renewed when in 1953 the newly crowned Queen Elizabeth II visited Edinburgh and was presented by the Governor with the keys to the Castle.

James VI (James I of England), who was born in the Castle, lavished money on the royal apartments between 1584 and 1615, and these were later visited by his son Charles I in 1633. The Castle then changed hands a number of times, but by the time of Charles II’s coronation in Scotland in 1650 it was staunchly Royalist.
After the occupation of James VI and I, the Castle ceased to be a royal palace becoming a military garrison and then a barracks and military prison. It continued in this military capacity until 1923.

Edinburgh Castle is now run and cared for by Historic Scotland, a Scottish Government agency. Hatfield House, Hertfordshire
Hatfield House was built in 1611 by Robert Cecil, First Earl of Salisbury and Chief Minister to James I and has been the home of the Cecil family ever since. It is currently the home of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury.

An earlier building on the site was the Royal Palace of Hatfield. Only part of this still exists, a short distance from the present house. The deer park surrounding the house and the older building of the Old Palace was owned by Henry VIII, who had used it as a home for his children, Edward, Elizabeth and Mary. It was while she was living in the Old Palace, in 1558, that Elizabeth learned of her accession to the throne. The Royal Pavilion, Brighton
The most idiosyncratic royal palace in Britain, and possibly in Europe, was the marine residence of George IV as Prince of Wales, Regent and King. It was built in the early 19th Century as a seaside retreat for the then Prince Regent.

The King made his last visit to Brighton in 1827, three years before his death. Wiliam IV and Queen Adelaide continued to use the Pavilion. Queen Victoria, who found the public situation of the Pavilion unappealing, visited Brighton less than half a dozen times, her last residence here being in 1845. The following year the contents were removed to London, many being used for the decoration of the newly enlarged Buckingham Palace, and in 1850 the Pavilion was purchased by the Town Commissioners of Brighton for £53,000. Palace of Westminster, London
Standing on the strip of land between the Thames and Westminster Abbey in London, the Palace of Westminster was created as a royal residence for Edward the Confessor in the 11th century and continued to be the principal residence of the Sovereign until 1512 when Henry VIII moved to Whitehall Palace.

Having been the home of the royal court and, by direct descent, the seat of Parliament, the Palace of Westminster has acted continuously as a centre of administration.

Each year, as Head of State, the Sovereign opens a new session of Parliament, addressing the Lords and the Commons from the throne in the Chamber of the Lords. No Sovereign has set foot inside the Chamber of the Commons since 1642, when, as part of the struggle for power between Parliament and the Crown, Charles I entered the Chamber of the Commons to demand the arrest of five members but was defied and had no alternative but to withdraw. Buckingham
Palace Thank you for watching
my little presentation.
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