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HSSRP - Foreign Expatriates' Attitudes towards the use of Singlish
Transcript of HSSRP - Foreign Expatriates' Attitudes towards the use of Singlish
Singapore Colloquial English (SCE)
1. What are expatriates' perceptions towards the use of SCE and SCE speakers?
2. What do the results from above reflect about the integration of expatriates into the
Singapore colloquial culture?
attitudes towards SCE in
attitudes towards SCE in
Cheng Wai Yee & Pang Seok Mun
Nanyang Girls' High School
Mentor: Dr Chiang Wai Fong, IPS, NUS
Teacher-supervisor: Ms Ong Lee Hua, NYGH
3.1 million non-citizens
in Singapore by 2030 as projected in the White Paper 2013.
"Foreigners today might become citizens tomorrow."
However, Singlish is one of the
among the English varieties around the world.
Respondents' attitudes towards SCE speakers
Top 3 descriptions were
It has been argued that speaking poor English makes one seem less "intelligent or competent". However,
results have shown otherwise
SURVEY - Questions had multiple-choice and Likert scale options
Results & Discussion
responses towards the use of SCE in formal settings.
SCE is deemed a lower colloquial variety of English.
58% agree that SCE is
in informal gatherings
Foreign expatriates' ability to tell when to use the appropriate variety of English
Possess necessary awareness of Singapore colloquial culture that can help the integration process.
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Responses to Questions portray a
attitude towards SCE.
These positive attitudes towards SCE might be able to help foreign expatriates integrate into society.
Cindy Ong's study (2008)
Some foreign expatriates have begun to
Singapore Colloquial English. They even attempted to
Tan Ying Ying's study (2013)
than American English
feelings amongst foreigners
Certain degree of
conformity to social norm
Expatriates' Attitudes Towards Singlish
attitudes towards SCE speakers
4. Expatriates' integration is
by perception of SCE/ SCE speakers
- Speaking SCE is
- "Sentences are not only
, especially to foreigners."
40% do not like speaking Singlish.
Q & A
- "Reflects badly on us and makes us seem
Singapore's international communication
(SGEM, Mr Goh Chok Tong, 2000)
of the respondents think that SCE helps to foster friendship bonds
Goh, C. T. (2000). Speech at the Launch of the Speak Good English Movement 2000. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.goodenglish.org.sg/movement/over-the-years/2004/official-speeches-2004/pm-goh-chok-tong-2000/
Harada, S. (2009). The Roles of Singapore Standard English and Singlish. Information and Communication Studies, 40, 6981. Retrieved January 10, 2013, from http://www.bunkyo.ac.jp/faculty/lib/slib/kiyo/Inf/if40/if4006.pdf
Kang, M. K. (1992). Definitions of and attitudes towards Singlish in Singapore. Department of English Language and Literature, National University of Singapore.
Kirkpatrick, A. (2007). Implications for International Communication and English Language Teaching. World Englishes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mufwene, S. S. (2001). Language Birth and Death. The University of Chicago: Division of the Humanities. Retrieved August 10, 2013, from http://humanities.uchicago.edu/faculty/mufwene/publications/languageBirthAndDeath.pdf
National Population and Talent Division (2013). Population White Paper: A Sustainable Population for a Dynamic Singapore. Retrieved August 10 , 2013, from http://www.nptd.gov.sg/content/NPTD/news/_jcr_content/par_content/download_98/file.re s/population-white-paper.pdf
Expatriates do not necessarily hold SCE and SCE speakers in a negative light.
Surveys were disseminated by two means:
1. Online survey
2. Printed survey
Profile of Expatriates
Attractiveness of Accents