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Transcript of Maria Theresa
Bohemia Queen wedding breakfast As a Child Austrian Coins Forbidden to enter the construction site Death date: November 29, 1780 Born and Died in Vienna, Austria #1
From the date of her father's death on October 20, 1740, until her own death in 1780, Maria Theresa was a central figure in war and politics of Europe. #2
War of the Austrian Succession gave her a European reputation for diplomatic skill when she called for a mass levy of troops #3
She was known as a champion of peace. The empress also gave her attention to education and especially to the middle and higher schools.
The gymnasia received a new curriculum in 1752.
The medical faculty of the University of Vienna was raised to greater efficiency.
The legal faculty also became a strong body.
The empress founded the academy of the nobles (Theresianum) and the academy for Oriental languages as well. Effect on Education #4
she decided on the separation of administration and justice. For the administration of the law, the Supreme Court was established. #5
Maria Theresa adopted the principle "cujus regio, ejus religio", and defended unity of faith in the State Did you know...
in her will:
She gave to the poor
Gave extra pay to the soldiers
Gave 100,000 florins (1 florin= 2 shillings) for the funds of the schools. #6
She was the foundress of the Austrian monarchy #7
She was "The greatest of her line because she was the most human"
~anonymous Frederick the Great said...
"She has done honor to the throne and to her sex; I have warred with her but I have never been her enemy." Maria Theresa was the eldest daughter of the Holy Roman emperor Charles VI and Elizabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel In 1736 she married Francis Stephen of Lorraine (holy roman emperor) She had 16 children, however only 10 survived into adulthood. Her 16 kids were.... she had a brother, Leopold, who she recieved the throne over. Leopold died at a young age. 1.
Archduchess Maria Elisabeth (1737-1740). 2.
Archduchess Maria Anna (1738-1789). 3.
Archduchess Maria Caroline (1740-1741). 4.
Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790). Holy Roman Emperor from 1765; Archduke of Austria, King of Hungary and King of Bohemia and from 1780. 5.
Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (1742-1798) 6.
Archduchess Maria Elisabeth (1743-1808) 7.
Archduke Charles Joseph (1745-1761) 8.
Archduchess Maria Amalia (1746-1804) 9.
Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II (1747-1792); Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 (abdicated 1790); Holy Roman Emperor from 1790; Archduke of Austria, King of Hungary and King of Bohemia from 1790. 10.
Archduchess Maria Caroline (1748) 11.
Archduchess Johanna Gabriela (1750-1762) 12.
Archduchess Maria Josepha (1751-1767) 13.
Queen Maria Caroline of Naples and Sicily (1752-1814) 14.
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este (1754–1806); Duke of Breisgau from 1803. 15.
Queen Marie Antoinette of France and Navarre (1755-1793) 16.
Archduke Maximilian Francis (1756-1801), Archbishop-Elector of Cologne (1784) Maria Theresa had a positive influence on society. She played a major role in Austrian Monarchy, and contributed to the idea of a supreme court. She was a very strong person that proved a lot for women and also did a lot for childrens well being and education and she did a lot for the military. cujus regio ejus religio means
his country, his religion Fredrick the Great planned to marry Maria Theresa but instead he was persauded to marry another women. Many people say this could have changed the world if they got married .