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Simple Past vs Present Perfect

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by

Aaron Faidley

on 23 June 2014

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Transcript of Simple Past vs Present Perfect

SIMPLE PAST vs PRESENT PERFECT
EXERCISES
PRESENT PERFECT
COMPARISON
SIMPLE PAST

WHEN DO WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT?
1. TO TALK ABOUT SOMETHING THAT HAPPENED IN THE PAST AND THAT STILL HAPPENING
exemple :
Simple Past
Present Perfect
FORM:
Verb+ed OR irregular verbs
Time period
HAS FINISHED
OLDER
information
Time is
CLEAR (time words)
Used with
FOR
and
SINCE
,
when the actions
HAVE ALREADY FINISHED
Time period
HAS NOT FINISHED
RECENT
news
Time
IS NOT SPECIFIC
Used with
FOR
and
SINCE
,
when the actions
HAVE NOT
FINISHED YET AND TO SHOW HOW
LONG IT LASTED
Positive

* I call
ed
.


Negative
* I
did
not call.


Question
*
Did
I call?

1. Completed action in the past :



Past Present Future

Examples:
Yesterday
, I watched a movie.
Last year
, I went to China.
Two years ago
, I had a dog.
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
2. Series of completed actions in the past:




Past Present Future

Examples:
I walked to the beach, found a nice place to swim, and played volleyball.
He arrived from the airport at 9:00, met me at 10:00 and we took lunch at 12:00.
3. Duration in the past :



Past Present Future

Examples:
I lived in Brazil
for two years
.
They sat at the beach
all day
.
We talked on the phone
for one hour
.

(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr

(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
4. Habit in the past:



Past Present Future

Examples:
I studied french when I was a child.
I never played volleyball.
She always worked after school.
To talk about experiences.

Examples
I have been to Canada two times.
Anna has never broken a leg.
Have you ever eaten sushi?

We often use
never
and
ever
to talk about experience.
Unfinished Actions
'since' with a fixed time in the past
'for' with a period of time
Finished Actions
1: life experience
(we don't say when the experience happened, just sometime in the past)

I have been to Tokyo.
She has lived in Germany.
They have visited Paris three times.
We have never seen that film.
Have you ever read 'War and Peace'?
We can’t use the present perfect with a finished time word:
(NOT) I’ve seen him yesterday.
WE USE 'BEEN'

to mean that,for exemple, the person being talked about has visited the place,
and came back
. Notice the preposition
'to'
:
I've been to Paris
She has been to school today
They have never been to California.
WE USE 'Gone'
to mean that the person is at the place now:

Julie has gone to Mexico (now she's in Mexico)
They've gone to Japan for three weeks (now they're in Japan)
http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/present-perfect-use.html
How to form the present perfect
To make the positive present perfect tense, use:
'have' / 'has' + the past participle
Make the past participle by adding 'ed' to regular verbs (for example, 'play' becomes 'played')
There are a few verbs that change their spelling when you add 'ed' (for example, 'study' becomes 'studied')
There are also completely irregular verbs
Action starts
Action just stopped
Example: I have just called Linda.
Action starts
Action ends
Example: I called Linda 2 hours ago.
When do we use the
simple past?
IRREGULAR VERBS
1. When ________________ the company?
a) have you joined
b) did you joined
c) did you join
d) have you ever joined

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. ___________________ in Pakistan?
a) Did you ever worked
b) Have you ever worked
c) Worked you
d) Didn't you have worked

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. That's the best presentation ______________
a) I never heard
b) I didn't hear
c) I used to hear
d) I've ever heard

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. He's the most difficult customer _____________________
a) I never dealt with.
b) I never had to deal with.
c) I've ever had to deal with.
d) I've never had to deal with.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5. ___________________ to him last week.
a) I spoke
b) I've already spoken
c) I didn't spoke
d) I speaked

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6. ______________ a binding contract last year and it is still valid.
a) We have signed
b) We signed
c) We haven't signed
d) We have sign

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7. The reason I look so brown is that _______________ from a business trip to Barbados
a) I come back
b) I came back
c) I never came back
d) I've just come back

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8. Sales ________ in 1995 but then _____ in 1996.
a) rised falled
b) rose fell
c) have risen have fallen
d) rose have fallen

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

9. You ____________ to a word ____________
a) listened I haven't said
b) didn't listen I say
c) listened saying
d) haven't listened I've said

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

10. It's obvious that ________________ this report.
a) you haven't read
b) you didn't read
c) you don't read
d) you read not
Have you ever had malaria? If you have, the chances are that you (get) the disease in a hot country. Malaria is most common in tropical countries, especially those with wet and humid climates, where the mosquitos which carry the disease can flourish. However, recently, malaria (become) more common in Canada. According to a recent report, over 1000 people (contract) the disease in Canada in 1997, and the number (rise) every year since 1994. This is an alarming trend.

Why is the incidence of malaria rising here? The answer is travel. More and more Canadians travel abroad every year, and some of them catch malaria. However, when a Toronto woman (become) sick last year, her doctor (discover) that she (never travel) abroad in her life. She must have been bitten by a mosquito which (get) the disease from another sick Canadian.
A) Which tense is used with which action?

1) result of an action is important in the present
Present Perfect
Simple Past


2) action began in the past and is still continuing
Present Perfect
Simple Past


3) action finished in the past
Present Perfect
Simple Past



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
B) Which answers are correct?

1) Which verb forms are used with the Simple Past?
2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs
Infinitiv + -ed
had + past participle
have/has + past participle


2) Which sentences are in the Simple Past?
He has read a book.
He read a book.
He reads a book.
I listened to music.
I'm listening to music.


3) What are typical signal words for the Simple Past?
ever
in 2004
just
last week
now
two days ago
yesterday


4) What are typical signal words for the Present Perfect?
already
ever
just
last week
tomorrow
yesterday
yet


--------------------------------------------------------------------
D) Negate the given sentence.

Example: He worked in an office. - He did not work in an office.


1) Matthew looked after the baby.


2) You have understood the text.


3) A thief stole the handbag.


4) She has sent an invitation card.



--------------------------------------------------------------------
E) Fill in the verbs in brackets into the gaps.

1) We ______ in a restaurant in May 2001. (to work)

2) The children ____ their room. (not/to clean) It's still dirty.

3) ___ you ever ____ magic tricks? (to do)

4) Last Monday she_____ her computer. (to check)


--------------------------------------------------------------------
F) Signal words in sentences

1) Which sentence is correct?
Anke ever moved to England.
Anke moved to England in August 2006.


2) Which sentence is correct?
Alexander Fleming discovered the penicillin in 1928.
Alexander Fleming just discovered the penicillin.


3) Which question is correct?
Have you ever seen a rattlesnake?
Have you seen a rattlesnake yesterday?


4) Which question is correct?
Did he ride his bike two hours ago?
Did he ride his bike yet?



To talk about a past action that has the result in the present.

Examples
I have lost my wallet. = I don't have it now.
Jimmy has gone to Mexico. = He isn't here now.
Have you finished your homework? = Is your homework ready?


We often use
just
,
already
and
yet
for an action in the past with the result in the present


http://www.eclecticenglish.com/grammar/PresentPerfect1A.html
.

To talk about an action which started in the past and continuous up to now.

Examples
I have been a teacher for more than ten years.
We haven't seen Janine since Friday.
How long have you been at this school?


We often use
since
and
for
to say how long the action has lasted.



3: with an unfinished time word
(this month, this week, today, in the last year)

I haven't seen her this month.
She has drunk three cups of coffee today.
This week they have been shopping four times.

2: a finished action with a result in the present
(focus on result)

I have lost my keys
(so I can’t get into my house)
She has hurt her leg
(so she can't play soccer today)
PRESENT PERFECT
SIMPLE PAST
THANK YOU!
(contracted form)
(contracted form)
have/has + subject + verb in the past participal + rest of the sentence
question word + have/has + verb in the past participal + rest of the sentence
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