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A Survey of Human Trafficking Around the Globe: the Scope, the Reality, and the Gaps

What trafficking looks like in different parts of the world and what knowledge is missing in the broad scope of the data
by

Kim Hunt

on 20 November 2014

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Transcript of A Survey of Human Trafficking Around the Globe: the Scope, the Reality, and the Gaps

Human Trafficking
Human Trafficking Clinic
The Freedom Project
Regions
The Americas
Africa
Europe
Asia
Gaps
http://humantraffickingclinic.org
What about men?
Latin America and the Caribbean
Industrialized North America
14,500+ trafficked annually into the United States
(Free the Slaves/Kevin Bales)
Less than 500,000 slaves
(Free the Slaves/Kevin Bales)
Prevalent forms of HT: External trafficking into the agricultural sector; internal trafficking into CSE
2009: 51 Convictions
Latin America and the Caribbean
1,320,000 slaves
(Free the Slaves/Kevin Bales)
250,000 people in forced labor as a result of trafficking
(ILO 2005)
Prevalent forms of HT: CSE [CSEC]; forced labor [mining, agriculture, logging, domestic servitude]
(CRS 2007)
Europe
Less than 500,000 slaves
(Kevin Bales/Free the Slaves)
Prevalent forms of trafficking: forced labor [agriculture, fishing, forced begging, domestic servitude, construction], forced prostitution [CSE,CSEC]
Human Trafficking Prosecutions
2004: 3,270
2005: 2,521
2006: 2,950
2007: 2,820
2008: 2,808
2009: 2,208
(DOS, 2010)
Human Trafficking Convictions
2004: 993
2005: 1,792
2006: 1,821
2007: 1,941
2008: 1,721
2009: 1,733
(DOS, 2010)
A Global Survey of a Global Problem
Associates
Research
Taxonomy
Outreach
Community
To Spotlight on the Horrors of Modern-Day Slavery
To amplify the voices of victims
To Highlight Success Stories
To Unravel the Complicated Tangle of
Criminal Enterprises Trading in Human Life
http://thecnnfreedomproject.blogs.cnn.com/2011/02/17/more-about-the-cnn-freedom-project/
920,000: Estimated people enslaved in Africa
$1.6 Billion: Estimated profit from slavery in Africa
Common Slave Markets:
cocoa
coffee
cotton
fishery
mines
domestic servantry
prostitution
24 Million: Estimated enslaved in Asia
250: Dollars needed to free an enslaved family in India
18 Million: Number of slaves in India, Pakistan, and Nepal alone
Debt Bondage:
a family
held collateral
against a loan
forced to work
as the "debt" only
continues to accrue
Hereditary Enslavement:
entire families enslaved for generations
The Data
Sources: DOS TIP Report, ILO, IOM, UN
S/D/T
Forms of Trafficking
Populations Affected
National
Action
Plan
Anti-Trafficking Laws
Numbers
Specialized
Anti-Trafficking
Law Enforcement
Unit
Victims
Services
Number of
Identified
Victims
Prosecutions/Convictions
Tier Designation
--> Sophisticated trafficking rings ran by Japanese
businessmen sourcing girls from Kenya to Europe.
--> Child labor
as a cultural norm
for domestic servitude.
--> Individuals used by drug cartels as mules to traffic drugs
--> Children, teachers, and other school employees are taken out of school and forced to work during the annual crop harvests
--> Hereditary enslavement of
families for generations in the
brick kiln industry.
--> State-imposed forced
labor and mass atrocity
Validity of information
Thank you!
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