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The 15 Most Important Dates in Colorado History

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Levi Ascher

on 6 September 2012

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Transcript of The 15 Most Important Dates in Colorado History

1859- Gold was found by George A. Jackson in Colorado along Chicago Creek. This is huge, because it meant that there would be a huge motivation to come out here to Colorado. Without this, there is no doubt in my mind that we not be here today if this discovery was not made. There is no true known location of his diggings, but there is no doubt that he had some big claims. August, 1 1876- Colorado becomes the 38th state of the United States. John L. Routt is appointed first governor. The state is added 100 years after the Signing of the Declaration of Independence, which is where the nickname "Centennial State" comes from. This is a major contribution to the United States expanding their land and creating more states. The outcome of this action is that a new state came to be and it still exist today. The long term affect of this is that another state is added to the United States. 1850- The Federal Government Purchased land from Texas annexation allowing Colorado to form its basic boundaries. This was significant due to the fact that Colorado wouldn't be the state today if that land wasn't purchased when it was. Today we still have the boundaries that were drawn right after the land was purchased. This was a major impact cause without these basic boundaries and the purchasing of this land then Colorado wouldn't be the same today. 1931-This year, the Colorado population hit over 1 million people. This meant so much because in less than sixty years, Colorado had gone from just another place begging to gain statehood, to a state with over one million residents, something that many were still working hard to earn. Colorado was originally a place that people avoided, because no one wanted anything to do with the weather and the harsh winters. When Colorado hit the one million people mark, it showed that we were the real deal, that we were here to stay. Now, with over five million people here, it just proves that we have been doing it all right, and more people are drawn here very year. 1894-Colorado becomes second state to allow women to vote. This allows states to follow and recognize that more and more states are allowing women to vote. Since Colorado was the second one to do this action it shows thst we care about womens rights and supported the idea. The long term affect of this is that it gave women the right to vote permanently. It was a major step in equal rights. 1864- The Sand Creek Massacre occurs. John C. Chivington massacred men women and children. Conflict between Native Americans and Whites stir as fights break out. This damaged Native Americans even more and made them become more angry. Showed that the conflict between them has escalated. 1900- Gold production reaches an all time high of $20,000,000 annually. It becomes the second richest gold camp in the world with a population of 539,700. This shows that in 41 years Colorado turned from just a mountainous range to a highly populated, gold producing state. Many towns were created like our very own Breckenridge. The creation of these towns allows for a this state to be officially called a state. May 8, 1910-First long distance phone call from Denver to New York City. This was a major technological advancement which gave hope to people out west who could now communicate with friends or family at a high price. This helps today because now we can use this technology and talk to friends and family anytime we want. It helped motivate us to expand the phone coverage and now it is very easy to call more than a thousand miles away. April 6 1917- William F. Cody or as we know "Buffalo Bill" died and they buried his body on Look Out Mountain. This was major because William was so well known for all the bison that he killed. For his body to be in Colorado was so significant because he was living in Colorado at the time of his death and he said he always wanted to be buried at the top of Look Out Mountain in Golden. The long term affect of it is that many people will come and go to look at the spot where a man so well know in the late 1800's is buried. 1930's- The Dust Bowl was a significant impact to crops and people everywhere. Crops were being destroyed and people were having to wear clothes to protect their lungs. This dust bowl was due to droughts. Even though we have worst droughts today we have irrigation to help prevent dust storms. The only main difference is that irrigation is used to help crops and doesn't become as dry as it did in the 1930's. 1953-The Rocky Flats plant begins production of components for nuclear weapons shortly after World War 2. The Rocky Flats plant broke ground in 1951 only 15 miles north of Denver, mainly to make plutonium triggers for the bombs. In 1957, there was a plutonium fire, and some plutonium was spread out into the air. Some barrels of radioactive waste were found leaking into an open field in 1959. This knowledge was made public in 1970, when some wind-blown particles were found in Denver. The 1980's were filled with protests against the plant from both peace and environmental activists. Recently, congress proposed that the Rocky Flats plant be transformed into a wildlife refuge, eaning that 6,400 acres would be saved, but only after extensive clean up and closure. July 23, 1886- Toms Baby was founded by Tom Groves in Breckenridge. He carried this nugget around town wrapped in a blanket and then was transported to Denver. This is the largest nugget of gold ever found weighing in at about 13.5 pounds. This is very significant due to the fact that it is the largest nugget ever found. Today it still represents Colorado because it shows that there was a bunch of gold here and it attracted many people. Today without the discovery of Toms Baby the Town of Breckenridge would not be the town it is today. 1942- Camp Hale was established in Colorado in between Red Cliff and Leadville. This facility trained men for winter and mountain warfare. There were flat plains and also steep mountains for men to train and prepare themselves for WWII. The men that trained there were part of the 10th mountain division. This brought men to realize their love for skiing and once they came back from war in Europe many of them created and founded many ski areas like our very own Vail and A-Basin. Today these are very important because it helps the economy of our mountain communities and attracts many tourists. 1941-1945- During this time in Stonewall, Colorado there was a German Officers prison camp. This is where US soldiers caught Nazi Officers and shipped them by boat and brought them to Colorado by prison rail. Here they held them and kept them for many years. They ate fresh vegetables picked from the garden and elk that was hunted by the US Officers. This place was in the middle of nowhere and was South of Pueblo and East of Alamosa. One long term affect of this is that it kept these Officers away from the war so they wouldn't be fighting against us. These officers may have been so important that the war may have continued another year or two. Keeping this officers allowed us to get more insight on the Nazis. Its shows that any state can hold such importance to Wars. This place is not well known (which is surprising since that Kansas and Nebraska would be a harder place to find) and has such a major impact on how the US handled the war. 1922- During this time frame was when the Colorado River Compact was announced. This Compact was between all seven states that the Colorado River flowed through, the Upper Basin and the Lower Basin. This gave water rights to all seven states and making sure that the Upper Basin states don't block all the water that flows to the Lower Basin states. This helps Colorado because we get to use as much of the water as we want but allowing enough for the Lower Basin states. This compact allows people to use it for irrigation and even rafting which is a major activity and hobby for many people living in Colorado. A major long term affect is that it gives us Coloradans access to water with allowing other states to have some too. 1922- Coloradans vote for new highway construction. $6,000,000 were voted for to help improve transportation to the western slope and by getting over the continental divide. The Moffat tunnel was established creating a 6.4 mile rout allowing transportation from East to West and West to East. Today this helps us tremendously because of all the traveling people do to get to the Rocky Mountains. This gives people an easier rout to get to the other side. Allows easier access to ski resorts and traveling out far west. Without this tunnel, our roads may have been a lot longer and more dangerous but with the ease of a tunnel you can get from Loveland ski area to Silverthorne in a jiffy. 1925-The Ku Klux Klan was gaining a lot of popularity throughout the state of Colorado, and won a majority vote for the Logmont city council, and begins replacing council members with KKK members. The new council voted on building a new dam above the pre-existing Longmont Dam, which was to quadruple costs. At the very nect election, all KKK members are voted out of office. This is huge for Colorado because it shows that we don't really want segregation, that we are willing to share our land with anyone, even colored people. This carrieson today with the attitude that anyone and eeryone is welcome here in Colorado.
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