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Creation Of Hip Hop Dance

Hip Hop dancing

Le Ozzy

on 12 January 2013

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Transcript of Creation Of Hip Hop Dance

Thesis THESIS A blend of large migrations, advances in technology and Funk music led to the creation of Hip Hop dancing in the 1970's. HISTORY Migration, technology, and Funk music all blended together to create Hip Hop dancing in the 1970's. Its (Hip Hop dancing) origins began way before its birth, the stage being New York City, New York. Like all stages, this one needed to be set. Beginning with the Second African American Great Migration, a chain of events began where immigration, technology, and Funk music mixed to make one of the most famous dances in the world. African American Great Migration Between 1915 and 1960 more than 6 million African Americans moved from the South to cities across the Northeast, Midwest and West. During this time the Jim Crow laws (racial caste system), and urbanization in the North prompted African Americans to pursue a better life style. https://www.myblackjourney.com/the-great-migration Result of African American Great immigration This great migration prompted many African Americans to permanently reside in cities that were urbanizing. The problem became that many of the African Americans migrating to these urban areas came with almost nothing in order to pursue what was known as 'the better lifestyle of the North.' Though, this caused problems for African Americans due to effects brought on by the first and second World Wars. World War 2 After the second world war, the nation's gross national product rose from $300,000 million in 1950 to more than $500,000 million in 1960. World War two brought on various economic achievements, a growing automobile industry, new industries, housing booms due to affordable mortgages for military members, and a very large number of post-war births. As a result, families were able to move from apartments in the city to the suburbs where they could purchase their own house. Eventually, businesses left the area for less crowded areas. When African Americans tried to follow this trend, something known as white flight took effect which set the stage for Hip Hop Dance. World War 1 During and after world war 1 African Americans who traveled to the North were greatly disappointed. Just like they immigrated to the North, large amounts of skilled Europeans did too in search of a better lifestyle. This meant that African Americans were left to do unskilled jobs and as a result worked in very low paying jobs. This continued while steadily, black impoverished communities began to arise and continue to expand well into the second world war. White Flight White flight was the migration of white people out of racially mixed neighborhoods into more racially separated ones. This stemmed from from fear of minorities. Even though African Americans were able to afford this suburban housing, they were met with discriminatory practices that hindered them from joining suburban homes. Because of this, African Americans had to reside in the city where only low wages and poor living conditions thrived. New York City With the stage set for Hip Hop Dancing set, Hip Hop Dancing took place in one of these cities riddled with poverty called New York City. These poor impoverished, crime ridden, racially segregated neighborhoods were called ghettos. The ghettos here were responsible for the creation of Hip Hop Dance. Here, key figures ranging from, musicians to Djs, helped spur on or even create some elements of Hip Hop Dancing with a little help from modern technology. This, all began with the invention of the modern turntable. The turntable The turntable didn't really have an inventor but it began as the phonograph. On February 19, 1878 Thomas Edison invented the phonograph. Through time, the phonograph gained more aesthetic and efficient replacements but the idea was the same, using needles the apparatus play a prerecorded message, creating sounds from the vibrations that the needle and prerecorded message caused. In a way, the turntable was the center of Hip Hop Dancing connecting musicians, and DJs. The first thing it affected was the music of the time, Funk. A picture of a DJ setup regular in the 1970's http://pubpages.unh.edu/~dem33/subpages/setups.html Funk music Funk music could be considered as an early form of Hip Hop. One person in particular, named James Brown was at the forefront of Funk during the late 1960s and 1970s. Hailed as the Grandfather of soul his music was used as the foundation of Hip Hop Music. HIP HOP DANCING James Brown On may 3, 1933, The inventor of Funk music was born. Called the grandfather of soul/Hip-Hop he wowed crowds with a new style of music. His new style mainly changed instrumentation giving them mainly percussive roles rather than melodic ones. This style of music soon became it's own genre called funk. Funk music was central in the creation of Hip Hop Dancing. Coupled with the technology of the turntables, Djs were able to use this technology to achieve early Hip Hop music for Hip Hop dancers. http://www.biography.com/people/james-brown-9228350?page=2 James Brown Disk Jockeys (DJs) DJs were the last ingredient in a way. They combined Funk music with technology to produce a new breed of Dance. DJ Kool Herc Born in 1967, Clive Campbell (DJ Kool Herc) immigrated from Jamaica to New York city. The ghettos during the 1960's and 1970's were concentrated areas of culture. During this time, dance clubs were declining while in the ghettos, block parties ruled. Music in neighborhoods would be cranked up and played obnoxiously. Because of this DJs became very important in these in these environments. DJ Kool Herc began his legacy at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue. Here, Herc would start turntablism, or the art of using turntables as a musical instrument by manipulation. More specifically, he invented a technique where two identical records were mixed back and forth to extend the rhythmic instrumental segment, or break of a song. Soon, these 'breaks' would give rise to Hip Hop and leave DJ Kool Herc the father of Hip Hop. Though one puzzle piece was left to complete Hip Hop dancing and it came in the form of another DJ. Afrika Bambaataa DJ Bambaataa started DJing in his teenage years during the 1970's, his real contribution came when he formed 'The Organization' in 1974 to synthesize the elements of Hip Hop. 'The Organization' was basically a large group of gang members turned break dancers. Two years later in 1976 he changed the groups name to 'Zulu Nation' and this group was essentially the first Hip Hop dance crew ever created. At this point this new dance was already in full force, with battles happening all over New York City and thus, Hip Hop dancing was born. Result of DJs With the introduction of these DJs Hip Hop was born. The music played by Kool Herc and Afrika Bambbatta caused a new style of music consisting of breaks from two identical records. Bambaataa created the means to which synthesize this culture and spread it around New York City. People who danced to these break beats created innovative ways to do so adding inspiration from James Brown's dance moves, and various other forms of dances. When Bambaataa collected these dancers together he created not only one of the first dance crews but a new dance movement called Hip Hop dancing. Summary Hip Hop Dancing began with the Second African American Great Migration. This migration cause African Americans to appear in urbanizing cities in search of a better lifestyle. With the end of World War 2, migration of White Americans (white flight) to suburban communities in an attempt to 'preserve' white communities. By using discriminatory practices white suburban neighborhoods kept African Americans living in the inner city, where the economic situation was bad from businesses leaving and other waves of immigrants who took the jobs of many African Americans. This prompted the development of ghettos. The ghettos, were almost all African American due to White Flight. Because of this culture slowly began to develop in these ghettos. With the invention of the turntable and its relatively low cost it gave attention to new music figures. One of the most famous figures in these ghettos was James Brown with his new genre of music called Funk. With highly rhythmic music it made the music very unique and became the central music for DJs to produce break beats from. These break beats took the ghettos by storm first in New York City. As Djs began to give more exposure to this music a new dance form was developed called break dancing. Since break dancing was the first dance under this new music it became known as a new genre of dance called Hip Hop Dance. Hip Hop Today The development of Hip Hop Dance began with break dancing, and later the addition of popping and locking. With shows like Soul train which showcased these early dances, Hip Hop gained mainstream exposure. Over time Hip hop gained a more improvised manner of dancing that mixed all three styles together. Below is one of my dance videos that showcases Hip Hop as it is today. Blended with break dancing, popping, locking and my own twist of creativity, this was what Hip Hop dancing was about and still is, using the foundations and your own creativity to create something new. Works Cited (online articles) Works cited (photographs) DJ Kool Herc-left http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/kool-herc http://www.last.fm/music/Afrika+Bambaataa Afrika Bambaataa young Hip Hop Dance and the environment Hip Hop dance is a culture that heavily relies on clothes. The most important item for a dancer are his/her shoes. Because of this, Hip Hop dancers can be taken to be heavy consumers when it comes to shoes, so much so, that those associated with Hip Hop spend 2.5 times more each month on shoes than non-urban consumers which is close to $6 billion per year on the latest shoes. This has a major effect on the environment. The shoe itself is made from a variety of materials which means using up much nonrenewable resources. In addition, Factories that make shoes release harmful gases into the area from and use large amounts of energy to keep the factory running. Modern example of freestyle Hip Hop Dancing Economy/society and Hip Hop Dance When Hip Hop Dance was created it was mainly used to entertain the crowds. In the 1970s a show called Soul Train pushed the exposure of Hip Hop Dancing into the main light. Quickly, its unique style granted it fame and as a result music began to endorse Hip Hop as a way for music industries to gather money. Fad dances began to emerge like the cabbage patch, and dougie(modern example) and began elevate the popularity of certain songs. It wasn't long before these songs raked in millions while appealing to societies view on Hip Hop. Today Hip Hop dancing continues to cause large economical shifts, effecting movies, clothing lines, and even music of our period. Sources (misc. slides)
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