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Have you ever visited Galata Tower?

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by

Şeyma İlkbahar

on 3 January 2015

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Transcript of Have you ever visited Galata Tower?

Have you ever visited Galata Tower?
Do you know anything about
Galata's History?
Let's read the text "Galata"
Paragraph 1
Throughout Istanbul's history, there have been a number of bridges between Eminönü and Karaköy. Karaköy's traditional name, Galata, has also been the name given to many of these bridges, especially to the most famous of those, the Galata Bridge that spanned the Golden Horn from 1912 until June 1992. Although its replacement is more functional, the old Galata Bridge still holds a nostalgic place in the hearts of many people in İstanbul.
Paragraph 2
The Byzantines built the first Galata Bridge in the 1300s near the mouth of the Kağıthane River. During the reign of Yavuz Sultan Selim, the existence of a second bridge, designed by Leonardo da Vinci was recorded, but no physical evidence of this bridge remains. A third bridge was built by Sultan Mahmud II near Unkapanı in 1836. The main function of these three bridges, however, had been simply to provide a link between the old walled city in Eminönü and the shipyards in Karaköy.
Paragraph 3
By the mid-19th century, major changes started to occur in Istanbul. Wealthy Ottomans increasingly moved out of the old city to the other side of the Golden Horn to escape the cholera epidemics and frequent fires that troubled the closely built-up districts within the city walls. The sultans and other royals soon followed their example, building new summer palaces on the shores of the Bosphorus. Meanwhile, the Galata and Beyoğlu districts had emerged as İstanbul's commercial and financial centre. Because of these changes, a fourth bridge was built in 1844. This Galata Bridge was a gift presented by Valide Sultan to her son Abdulmecid so that he could abandon the antiquated Topkapı Palace and move the imperial household to the new Dolmabahçe Palace on the opposite shore. This move marked both the beginning of Western influence in Türkiye and the eventual collapse of the Ottoman Empire.
Paragraph 4
Like the 1836 Unkapanı Bridge, this Galata Bridge was a pontoon bridge, which meant that it floated on the water. This wooden bridge remained in place until 1863, when it was replaced with another wooden one. However, in the 1870s, with the construction of Tünel and the installation of rails for the first trams, a new steel bridge was required. This new bridge was built by a British company at a cost of five hundred thousand gold liras. This Galata Bridge became a symbol of modern İstanbul, in the same way the Eiffel Tower was of Paris. Along with mosques and the Galata Tower, it was a landmark in İstanbul.

Paragraph 5
With the arrival of motor cars and the electrification of the tramlines, and the need to allow the access of larger ships into the Golden Horn, another new bridge was required. The most famous of all the bridges that have connected Eminönü and Karaköy, it was opened with a large ceremony on April 12, 1912. However, the sinking of the Titanic, which occurred on the same day, overshadowed this news. The new bridge, with its wrought-iron railings in arabesque patterns, became a social centre: by day, fishermen and tourists gathered on the bridge; by night, the famous and not so famous dined in the restaurants built on the lower level of the bridge.
Paragraph 6
Unfortunately, by the 1980s, the bridge was the focus of a great deal of criticism. First of all, because of the way it was built, water could not flow freely into the Golden Horn, and the result was serious pollution. Secondly, the bars below the bridge had started to attract the "wrong clientele" (ie: young people who listened to rock music). The most serious problem, however, was the same problem that had affected previous bridges: traffic. Unable to deal with the increased volume of cars, the most famous of the Galata Bridges was considered obsolete, and finally closed in June 1992.

Paragraph 7
Today's Galata Bridge, like much of the modern construction in İstanbul, lacks character. While the fishermen still gather, the constant rush of traffic makes walking there an unpleasant experience for many. The old Galata Bridge holds a nostalgic place in the hearts of many because it represented a simpler time, a time that valued beauty more than function, a time when people had the time to enjoy a scenic walk instead of a hurried drive.

(n)
The past considered as a whole.
(n)
An enclosed area of land where ships are built and repaired.
Someone or something that has an effect on another thing.
(n)
A building that you can easily recognize, especially one that helps you to know where you are.
(n)
A formal event that is performed on important social or religious occasions.
(n)
To cause people to pay attention/be interested.
(v)
Feeling, evoking, or characterized by nostalgia.
(adj)
GALATA
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