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The Cider House Rules

Contemporary Fiction

on 2 January 2013

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Transcript of Abortion

Italy The United States ABORTION the view on abortion from around the world... different places
different religions
different beliefs
different races
different laws Worldwide http://www.worldometers.info/abortions/ ---approximately 205 million pregnancies occur worldwide annually

---an estimated 40-50 million women faced with an unplanned pregnancy decide to have an abortion

---about 20% of all pregnancies end in induced abortion

---this corresponds to approximately 125,000 abortions per day According to the
World Health Organization ---of the 23 million pregnancies that occur in developed countries
more than 40% are unplanned
28% end in induced abortion

---of the 182 million pregnancies that occur in developing countries
more than one-third are unplanned
19% end in induced abortion (8% are safe procedures and 11% are unsafe) China Dominican Republic Ancient Practices Asia 54 countries allow abortion (which is about 61% of the world population)

97 countries (about 39% of the population) have abortion laws that make it illegal WORLD ABORTION LAW MAP

Green: Abortion never legal, or legal only when necessary to save the life of the mother or protect her physical health

Yellow: Abortion legal in "hard cases", such as rape, incest, and/or deformed child.

Red: Abortion legal for social reasons (e.g. mother says she can't afford a child), or to protect the mother's "mental health" (definitions and requirements vary).

Purple: Abortion legal at any time during pregnancy for any reason. Works Cited Abortion Beliefs
in the Catholic Church ---the church is morally against abortion
the womb is considered sacred
any innocent life (including an unborn child's) should not be taken
---the only acceptable method of contraception is to have sex when the women is infertile
this method should be used only if there are serious reasons to space out births ---Italy is the home of the Vatican, where the Pope lives
the Pope is the leader of the Catholic Church
the current Pope is Pope Benedict XVI

---Gensis 1:28 “(…) He blessed male and female saying ‘Increase and multiply’”.
the church says this proves that all life should be celebrated
people were born to create more life

---"A woman who has deliberately destroyed a fetus must pay the penalty for murder"

---"Those also who give drugs causing abortions are murderers themselves, as well as those who receive the poison which kills the fetus." Abortion Laws
in the United States 39 states require abortions to be performed by licensed physician *American women have the legal right to obtain an abortion in all 50 states* 21 states require abortions to be performed in a hospital Statistics ---22% of all U.S. pregnancies end in abortion

---50% of U.S. women receiving abortions are younger than 25

---37% of women who get abortions identify themselves as Protestant

---28% identify themselves as Catholic

---76% of birth control (condoms or the pill) users got abortions Connecticut Statistics Methods Used in Ancient Europe and Asia Smearings: it was recommended to smear goose fat, celery, rose oils, pine resin, copper scum, boiled honey, or mouse dung on the uterine opening Utus Paste: a substance injected directly into the uterus as a method of abortion hot baths...blood letting leaping...carrying heavy weights ...being vigorously shaken... ...strenuous physical exercise... Mercury: extremely toxic, used in Chinese folklore Pennyroyal: used to induce or regulate menstruation and to cause an abortion Emmenagogues herbal and natural concoctions that stimulate menstruation Angelica: a uterine stimulant with the ability to strengthen and coordinate contractions, to help encourage the uterus to expel it's contents Blue/Black Cohosh: a uterine stimulant to help the cervix relax and open Family Planning Policy ---implemented in 1979
---urban married couples can only have one child
---ethnic minorities were excluded from the law population explosion takes its toll on resources REASON: China's View on Abortion ---China allows and encourages abortion to keep the population from rising too much

---Many Chinese families resort to abortion to comply with the one child per family law, otherwise they would have to pay heavy fines for violating the law

---Normally abortion is voluntary, but in China the government sometimes forces the mother to abort the fetus In June 2012, a seven month pregnant woman was forced to get an abortion by the government because she wouldn’t pay the $6,300 fine for a second pregnancy. Local authorities took her to a hospital against her will and injected her with a chemical that induced the abortion. "Every year, thousands of Dominican women either induce abortions themselves or visit a clandestine establishment ill-equipped to perform the procedure.” REASON: ---strong influence from religion
---lack of sexual education PROBLEM: Dominican Republic
Abortion Law ---Abortion in the Dominican Republic is illegal under all circumstances.

---In other Latin American countries, abortion is permitted when the woman’s life would otherwise be in danger. Engenderhealth ---international organization introduced in 1980 by Dr. Milton Cordero
---focuses on improving post-abortion services offered in public hospitals
---services included general cleaning of uterus, emotional and psychological support, and family planning
---these post services are permitted even though abortion is illegal because hospitals are only treating the women Illegal Abortions ---some 90,000 abortions are performed each year

--- this makes it the third leading cause of maternal death in the country

---these abortions are either self-induced or are performed by a backstreet practitioner

---a common method women use to induce abortions is taking over-the-counter pills that stimulate uterine contractions Abortion in the Muslim (Islamic) Culture *this culture is VERY pro-life* “Whosoever has spared the life of a soul, it is as though he has spared the life of all people. Whosoever has killed a soul, it is as though he has murdered all of mankind”
(Qur’an 5:32) “Kill not your offspring for fear of poverty; it is We who provide for them and for you. Surely, killing them is a great sin”
(Qur’an 17:32) Acceptable Reasons for an Abortion ---The only reason for abortion after 120 days is if there will be SERIOUS harm to the woman if pregnancy continues ---Abortion is regarded as a lesser evil in this case because: •the mother is the 'originator' of the fetus
•the mother's life is well-established
•the mother has duties and responsibilities
•the mother is part of a family
•allowing the mother to die would also kill the fetus in most cases ---If it is before 120 days, a baby may be aborted only if the baby will have SERIOUS mental or physical defects Abortion By Religion Soul "Ruh" ---Islam forbids the termination of a pregnancy after soul or 'Ruh' is given to the fetus. ---There is some controversy as to when the soul is “given” to the fetus: •at 120 days
•at 40 days
•when there is voluntary movement of the fetus
(this usually happens during the 12th week of gestation but many women don't notice the movement until much later, sometimes as late as 20 weeks) ---In cases of rape or incest the abortion should be done within the first 40 days Abort73. "Facts About Abortion: Ancient Abortion History." Web. 02 Jan. 2013.

"Abortion." BBC News. BBC, 23 Nov. 2009. Web. 20 Dec. 2012.

"Abortion in the Dominican Republic." Abortion in the Dominican Republic. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. http://dr1.com/articles/abortion.shtml

"An Overview of Abortion Laws." Guttmacher Institute. 1 Dec. 2012. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. <http://www.guttmacher.org/statecenter/spibs/spib_OAL.pdf>.

Barnhart, Michael G. "Buddhism and the Morality of Abortion." Buddhism and the Morality of Abortion. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 1995. Web. 20 Dec. 2012.

"CT Abortion Statistics." Statehealthfacts.org. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. <http://www.statehealthfacts.org/profileind.jsp?cat=10&sub=111&rgn=8>.

Einron. "ABORTION and FORCED ABORTION IN CHINA." HubPages. 27 June 2012. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.

"Facts About Abortion." Abort73.com. 28 June 2012. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. <http://www.abort73.com/abortion_facts/us_abortion_law/>.

"Girl at Center of Dominican Republic Abortion Debate Dies." Fox News Latino. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/news/2012/08/20/girl-at-center-dominican-republic-abortion-debate-dies/

Grantham. "The Grantham Collection - Abortion Instruments and Photos of Abortion Instruments." Grantham Collection. Web. 02 Jan. 2007.

Lubman, Stanley. "The Law on Forced Abortion in China: Few Options for Victims." China Real Time Report RSS. The Wall Street Journal: China, 4 July 2012. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.

Pilarczyk, Daniel. "Natural Family Planning." The Couple to Couple League Inc. 25 Feb. 1981. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <www.ewtn.com/library/marriage/cclbc.txt>.

Rinzler, Lodro. "A Buddhist View on Abortion and Forgiveness." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 29 Jan. 2011. Web. 20 Dec. 2012.

Saunders, Fr. William. "The Catholic Church and Abortion :: Catholic News Agency." Catholic News Agency :: CNA. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/resources/abortion/catholic-teaching/the-catholic-church-and-abortion/>.

"U.S. Abortion Statistics." Abort73.com. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. <http://www.abort73.com/abortion_facts/us_abortion_statistics/>. Traditional
Buddhism Beliefs ---Traditional Buddhism rejects abortion since it is deliberately destroying the life of a deserving person ~they believe that life starts at conception ~they believe in reincarnation (that a new life comes and that is the life of someone else) ---Traditional Buddhists believe aborting for personal reasons is very selfish and therefore not acceptable ~one of the fundamental beliefs of Buddhism is to release from selfishness
~people should be responsible for their actions and keep the child Buddhism believes in rebirth and teaches that individual human life begins at conception. The new being, bearing the karmic identity of a recently deceased individual, is therefore as entitled to the same moral respect as an adult human being. Damien Keown, Science and Theology News, April 2004 Religion: Islam Religion: Buddhism Of course, abortion, from a Buddhist viewpoint, is an act of killing and is negative, generally speaking. But it depends on the circumstances.

If the unborn child will be retarded or if the birth will create serious problems for the parent, these are cases where there can be an exception. I think abortion should be approved or disapproved according to each circumstance. Dalai Lama, New York Times, 28/11/1993 New Age Buddhism ---Some other Buddhists, like the Dalai Lama, believe otherwise. They say that "...abortion should be approved or disapproved according to each circumstance." (Rinzler)

---Buddhists try to rid the world of suffering. If getting an abortion for personal reasons will diminish yourself of suffering and that child from suffering, then some Buddhists would accept the act. It is believed that Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, would not have encouraged an abortion or even necessarily supported it, but would not have denied a woman her right to chose what to do with her body.
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