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Clara Barton

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Aria Haver-Hill

on 19 April 2014

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Transcript of Clara Barton

1821
Clara Harlowe Barton was born on December 25, 1821 in North Oxford Massachusetts. She was the youngest of the five children in the family. Her siblings liked having a younger sister and often took good care of her.
Clara and her family
Clara recalled, "It was like having six mothers and fathers."
Clara's mother and father were hardworking people, who just like her siblings, taught her what she needed to know. Clara was four years old when she started school and she did very well.
1827-1829
A Hard Childhood
As Clara was growing up, she was very scared and shy. She was so shy that she didn't ask her family for new clothes because she didn't want to bother her family to pay the money.
When Clara was six, her older sister Dolly was acting violent and hysterical.
Back then, the doctors didn't know what to do, so they locked her in a room, till she eventually died.
Clara Barton
Clara began to get even more shy, and her parents started to notice. They thought sending her to a boarding school would help, but it only made matters worse. Clara stopped eating, and her grades were going down, So she had to go home early.
When she got home, she found out that Stephen and David had started a business together. So she helped out with that. A few years later, David was working at their shop, when he slipped and fell off the roof. After the fall, Clara became his nurse, she never left his side, and he never wanted another nurse. For this period of time, Clara felt needed.
What To Do Next
Clara nursed David until he got better, but then what would she do? She did family chores until one day, when she was 16 and taking a nap, a doctor came who sees what the person does best. He checked out Clara's head and said that she should be a teacher.
Clara was so surprised. The thought of being in front of a lot of children?
Clara's first career
So when Clara was 17, she started teaching at a school. She soon found out that she was a great teacher. Her students paid attention to her because she got them interested in learning.
Clara's Teaching Career
Clara's reputation for a great teacher began to progress. Soon School officials started to notice her and schools invited her to their schools to teach. She went to many schools fixing up classrooms and getting kids excited about learning.
Starting A School
Clara's biggest goal though was to improve her hometown school. At first, the towns people thought it would be too much money to make a school, but she finally got a building. The school was a huge success! Though Clara was ready to move on.
1850
Clara Needed A Change
Clara was 29 ears old, and she had been teaching for more than ten years, she needed something different. Clara decided to go back to school. She went to Clinton Liberal Institution in Clinton, New York. She studied and studied, but after a year, she realized that she was running out of money.
She also found out that her mother had died when she was away, and she missed the funeral.
Clara returned home but didn't know what to do next. She took a trip up to Washington D.C. Clara went to many historical sights. Through some law makers she became friends Charles Mason, a commissioner of the United States Patent Office. he gave her a job as the clerk in the Patent Office. Clara worked there for three years, but it wasn't easy.
1857
Clara Later On
Clara got fired from the Patent office because a new president had been elected. She didn't know what to do so she move back to North Oxford. For the next three years she took care of family, when finally in 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected president. She got her place back at the patent office. One problem though, when she got back was that the northern states and the southern states were disagreeing on slavery.
1861
The Civil War
Clara's Turning Point
The Civil War started when the southern states fired on Ft. Sumter and seced from the Union. In that time, all the states had their own militias, so Abraham Lincoln called on them for armies. Surprisingly, the people of Baltimore sided with the south, and they made a surprise attack on Washington D.C. During this time help for the soldiers who were getting hurt.
The war started at Fort Sumter
The Angel of the Battle Field
The soldiers didn't have any food or blankets and Clara wanted to help in any way, so she got some supplies from her apartment, and helped bandaging up wounds and making the soldiers feel comfortable. 75,000 soldiers received help from her, and she loved every moment of it. Clara also tried to get to the battlefield to help soldiers there. Eventually she was able to go and helped a lot. Clara worked all through the war and
her reputation grew as the great
"Angel of the Battlefield." People all around the world heard about Clara and her bravery and determination. She was able to speak at a lot of places, but after awhile she got exhausted. She needed a break.
Clara when she helped out in war.
1869
A trip to Europe
Clara traveled around Europe and ended up in Geneva, Switzerland. There she met a man named Louis Appia. He wanted to meet her and he told her about the International Red Cross. He explained how they worked and Clara was amazed. An organization that helped the wounded in war and had 13 different countries involved, yet the U.S. didn't join? Clara wanted the U.S. to join.
She had enough relaxation
time and was ready to go
home and get to work again.
Before Clara could go home, war started between France and Germany. While this was going on, Clara was able to see the International Red Cross in action. Clara was amazed at how organized the system was, and she even joined in. She wanted to bring the effectiveness of the Red Cross to the U.S. The war ended in 1871 and Clara finished her trip to Europe. Clara was ready to go home.
1873
A Hard Time
When Clara returned home, she had a nervous breakdown. She was limited to her bed, and she couldn't eat or sleep, she would just lie in bed. Clara started losing weight, and her hair turned white, she needed to get healthy again. So Clara went to "Our Home on the Hillside," which was a health center that believed in staying outdoors and a healthy diet. There, Clara slowly recovered, and was able to get back to work.
Our Home on
the Hillside
1877
Starting the Red Cross
Clara Barton first tried to bring the International Red Cross to the U.S., but political people thought it would interfere with government. Clara had no intention to give up. She wrote pamphlets and
booklets explaining what
the Red Cross was about,
but even then, people
thought they would not
have any more wars. So,
she wrote other articles
saying that it could help
with natural disasters, too.
Finally in 1882, after talking to many political people, President Chester Arthur signed the treaty of Geneva. This was an amazing moment for Clara. All her hard work over the past five years had paid off. Clara was picked as the president of the American Red Cross and it was time to to get to work.
The American Red Cross
For the next 20 years, the American Red Cross came to the rescue whenever a natural disaster struck. Clara was always there and helping for what ever she could. A few cases where they helped was when the Ohio River flooded, a 20 month drought in Texas, and a case of the yellow fever in Florida. The more the Red Cross helped, the more branches came up around the country. Soon the Red Cross spread from New York to California. One problem was that because Clara was the first one to each disaster, no one ran the office. Clara wanted to run the Red Cross herself, but it was causing problems. The staff voted against her to lead, and eventually, in 1904 when she was 83, Clara resigned.
1912
Clara's Legacy
After Clara resigned, she founded the National First Aid Association of America in 1905. That helped her take her mind off of the Red Cross. Then, a few years later, Clara became ill with pneumonia. On April 12, 1912, just after her 90th birthday, she said, "Let me go." Then she died.

Clara Barton went through a lot healing people in war, and starting the American Red Cross Society. Now the Red Cross has over 1,000 branches all over the country. The American Red Cross has made a difference in our world by saving many peoples' lives. In the year 2000 alone, the Red Cross trained more that 12 million people on important skills. Now the Red Cross even helps provide lifesving blood. Clara Barton was and still is a hero for many.
Clara and her Family
Clara Harlowe Barton was born on December 25, 1821 in North Oxford , Massachusetts.She was the youngest of five children in their family. Clara's family taught her all of their skills, and she was good at every one of them. Though Clara had a rough time when she was little because she was very shy. When she was six, her oldest sister Dolly became hysterical and violent with mental illness. She soon died.
Clara went to school at age four and did very well. When Clara was older, her older brothers started a business, and her sister got married and moved.
The house that Clara was born in.
Clara's mom and dad, Stephen and Sarah Barton.
A few years later when Clara was 11 to 12, David, one of the two brothers who had started a business, fell off of the roof, and got hurt badly. Clara started nursing him for the next two years. During that time she felt needed. David eventually got better, and he no longer needed her to nurse him. Then Clara helped out with family, and one day, when Clara was 16, a doctor came by and suggested that she be a school teacher. Clara was shocked, but she studied for teaching certificate, and then got a teaching position and started a year later.
1838
1853
Clara's Teaching Career
Clara started teaching when she was 17 years old, and she was a very good teacher. She was able to get the kids interested and excited in learning. Over time, Clara's teaching reputation grew, and school officials saw what a great gift she had. Other schools started inviting her to teach and over the next ten years, Clara moved from town to town teaching at different schools. She became a very respected teacher, though her biggest goal was to improve her hometown
school, and she wanted
to make it the first public
school.

Starting a School
Clara returned back to her home, and she started on making her school. She tried to tell the community about building a school. At first, the town's people thought it would be too much money to make a school, but she finally got a building. After Clara fixed up the building, she opened the school. The school was a huge success! Clara worked at the school for a little at first, but soon the school got so big that she had to hire more teachers.
It was 1850, and Clara had been teaching for over 10 years. She was 29 years old, and she was ready to move on.
The school Clara started
The Patent Office
Clara decided to go to Washington D.C. She visited many famous monuments, and went to see lawmakers at work. She became friends with Charles Mason, the Comissioner of the Patent Office, and he saw that she had good organization skills. He offered her a job as the clerk in the office. Clara accepted it, and started her job soon after. It wasn't easy because the men didn't think a woman could do that job, but Clara was very good at it. Clara got fired after a change in presidents, but she was re-hired a few years later by president Abraham Lincoln.
By that time, tension had
been building up between
the southern and the
northern states about
slavery.
The U.S. Patent Office
Why I Chose Clara Barton
I wanted someone who we don't necessarily know off the top of our heads, but we know of what they did. Clara Barton started the American Red Cross Society. We all know of it today, but we never really know who started it. The Red Cross is an important lifesaving organization that help in a lot of cases of emergency. I believe that Clara Barton is a great hero.
Bibliography
Ditchfield, Christin.
Clara Barton Founder of the Red Cross.
New York: A Division of Scholastic Inc.
Collier, James Lincoln.
The Clara Barton You Never Knew.
New York: A Division of Scholastic Inc.
Clara Barton Birthplace Museum. 11 April 2014 <http://www.cityprofile.com/massachusetts/clara-barton-birthplace-museum.html>
"Clara's Family." Clara Barton Birthplace Museum. 2010. 11 April 2014 <http://clarabartonbirthplace.org/site/?q=node/13>
"The experience of the war-torn northern Shenandoah Valley." CIVIL WAR Scholar.com. 2014, American Public University. 11 April 2014 <http://civilwarscholars.com/2012/07/video-antietam-decisions-sorely-missed-by-jim-surkamp/>
NJ WILD. 11 April 2014 <http://www.packetinsider.com/blog/nature/?p=1480>
"Past Census facilties." The United States Census Bureau. 2013. 11 April 2014. <http://www.census.gov/history/www/census_then_now/census_facilities/census_bureau_facilities.html>
"The Attack on Fort Sumpter." 2005. 11 April 2014 <http://www.civilwarhome.com/ftsumter.htm>
"International Committee of the Red Cross - Facts." NobelPrize.org. 11 April 2014 <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1944/red-cross-facts.html>
"Collection of Dansville images 1." Dansville Area Historical Society. 11 April 2014 <http://dansvilleareahistoricalsociety.wordpress.com/author/chadschuster/page/6/>
"The Red Cross of the Geneva Convention. What It Is." National Park Service. 2014. 11 April 2014 <http://www.nps.gov/clba/historyculture/rcwhat.htm>
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