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Social Studies Project (Ancient Greece)

Faith Forman

on 1 April 2016

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Transcript of Thales

Thales was influenced by Babylonian astronomy, ancient Egyptian mathematics and ancient Egyptian religion.
How and When Did Thales Die?
Early Life/Background
Diogenes Laertius quotes that Chronicle of Apollodorus of Athens stated that Thales died at the age of 78 during the 58th Olympiad (548-545 B.C.) and attributes his death to heat stroke while watching the games.
Thales used geometry to calculate the heights of pyramids and the distance of ships from the shore. He was the first known individual to use deductive reasoning applied to geometry. Thales was the first to demonstrate that the circle is bisected by the diameter. The cause of the bisection being unimpeded passage of the straight line through the center.
What Were Some Things Thales Did?
Thales was a Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, a mathematician and an astronomer. Thales attempted to explain natural phenomena without reference to mythology. Almost all of the other Pre-Socratic philosophers follow him in attempting to provide an explanation of ultimate substances, change and the existence of the world without mythological references.
Thales' parents were Examyes and Cleobuline. They were both wealthy and distinguished phoenicians.
According to some sources, Thales was married and had a son named Cybisthus. According to other sources, Thales never married and adopted his nephew by the same name.
Thales influenced Pythagoras, Anaximander and Anaximenes.
People That Thales Influenced
Thales Was Known As...
By: Faith Forman
Thales was born in Miletus in 624 B.C.
Different Theories
Influences on Thales
Thales was identified as the first person to investigate the basic principles. He gave no role to mythical beings. Thales did not derive his thesis from either Greek or non-Greek mythological traditions. He looked
for patterns in nature to explain
how the world worked rather
than believing that everything
happened because a Greek god
demanded it.
Thales was known as the first scientist
in history, but there might have been others before him. If there were any scientists before Thales, we do not know their names.
Quotes From Thales
"The most difficult thing in life is to know yourself."
"All human sufferings come from ingnorance."
"Hope is the only good that is common to all men; those who have nothing else possess hope still."
"Nothing is more active than thought, for it travels over the universe, and nothing is stronger than necessity for all must submit to it."
Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thales
IEP (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: www.iep.utm.edu/thales/
Famous Scientists: www.famousscientists.org/thales/

Philosophers: www.philosophers.co.uk/thales-of-miletus.html
Thanks For Watching
Full transcript