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Self Concept and Self Esteem

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by

Taylor Elkins

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Self Concept and Self Esteem

Physically Handicapped Individuals
Conditional; From birth or through injury/health concerns.
High self-esteem and concepts are aided by surroundings
Self-hatred and perceived unattractiveness, limited in actions and work
Self Concept and Self Esteem
Learning and Physical Disabilities
Race
Males have higher self esteem than females
Gender
Many blind individuals adapt well with their lack of vision but they may feel useless, hopeless or lost in certain arenas

Not having vision affects self-esteem positively or negatively

Builds strength in other senses and learn to trust certain individuals in various relationships

The Blind and Visual Impaired
Dyslexia
There are varying degrees of Dyslexia, most common forms inhibit reading and writing skills but can also affect speech.

Self-Concept: Most people diagnosed tend see themselves like anybody else but will usually lack self-esteem when it comes to school work or office work because they have difficulty with tasks requiring excessive reading and written work

People without dyslexia may view people with the condition as lazy or can be seen as showing little effort
Surveys/Tests
African Americans report highest levels of self-esteem, then White Americans, then Latinos, then Asian Americans report the lowest amounts of self-esteem.
Women's self esteem on their physical appearance is low
Dyspraxia and Dysgraphia
Dyspraxia
: “A brain condition resulting in the inability to perform particular purposive actions”
Dysgraphia:
"inability to write coherently, as a symptom of brain disease or damage.
Individuals with this condition struggle with self-perpetuated hopelessness and frustration
Tend to feel alienated amongst peers leading to angry sentiments and negative emotions

Big factor in affecting one's self-esteem
Important gender differences are compatible with gender stereotypes
Gender
People with disabilities
Sexual Orientation
Race/Culture

Much attention has been focused on African Americans and Whites.
Different cultural traditions give rise to different default patterns of behavior.
Self-Esteem in the LGBT Community
What is Self-Stigma?
Issues with self-concept, self esteem, and sexual identity confusion
Different cultural traditions give rise to different default patterns of behavior.
Long standing interest in racial/ethnic differences in self-esteem
A lot of attention has focused on African Americans and Whites
Why is self-esteem an issue in the LGBT Community?
Minority sexual orientation
Sexual Prejudice
U.S. Probability Sample:
20% of LGB harm against themselves or property
50% experienced verbal abuse
55% knew there were issues surrounding self-stigma and discrimination
LGBT: higher risk for substance abuse
Body Image
Men becoming less satisfied with the way they look
Why?
Self-Objectification theory- Women are seen as sexual objects valued for their physical appearance
-women and men self-objectify
Why is self-esteem an issue in the LGBT Community? (2)
Societal negativity towards sexual orientation minority
Sexual identity confusion
HIV/AIDS
What can be done to change negative perceptions
Common for the sexual minority to experience self stigma
Overcoming self-stigma
Developing one's sexual orientation


Self Objectification
Charities and Organizations
Matthew Shepherd Foundation
Human Rights Campaign
PFLAG
(To name only a few)
Leads to:
Negative mental health
Depression
Eating Disorders
Low Self Esteem
Depression
Large-scale representative surveys conducted to show how different races compare in self-esteem.
Results were consistent with cultural interpretation of racial differences in self-esteem.
Theories/Perspectives
Reflected appraisals theory
Self-esteem is affected by the reflected appraisals of generalized others.
Second explanation is based on social-comparison processes.
Looking Deeper
The cultural press explanation
African Americans instill self-esteem in their youth
Different cultural traditions come into play
East Asian cultures emphasize the importance of the group.
Overall, we see that race plays a huge role in predicting an individual's self-esteem.
Interdependent vs Independent
Independent
: focused on the individual
Interdependent
: connection with others

Males
is more affected by individualistic goals and uniqueness in power
Females
is more affected by relationships and connections with others

Case study
When asked to choose a picture that describes who they are, females chose pictures of themselves with other people and males chose pictures of themselves when they were alone
Continued
Females self esteem changes more than males possibly due to daily events
Many factors can lead to depression ie: family economic status, social status, education level, etc
Not doing well in school affects boys more so than girls

Social isolation and lack of social support seem to be more strongly associated symptoms of anxiety and depression in boys than girls

More girls have symptoms of depression and anxiety than boys do and it increases with age
A higher self esteem is associated with better mental health outcomes, better coping ability, and a lower incidence of depression in both adolescents and adults
Both are satisfied with themselves as individuals
Females focus more on social skills to shape self esteem and self concept
Social Skills for males is lower
Full transcript