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Five Themes of Geography

Christopher Bravo

on 9 November 2012

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Transcript of India

India by Jonathan Lam, Christopher Bravo, and Dennis Canada Relative Location of India Indus River Indus River
Importance Demographics Government- Democratic Republic
Head of Government- Mammohan Singh
Total Population- 1,189,172,906 people
GPD/capita- $3,500
Literacy Rate- 73% male, 48% female
Official Language Hindi
Major Religions- Buddhism, Hinduism,
and Junism, Sikish
Currency- Indian Rupee Capital:
New Delhi Absolute Location of New Delhi is 28º north and 77º east. India is southwest of China and Nepal and southeast of Pakistan. It is north of the
India Ocean. It is located in the continent of Asia. Length- 1,900 Miles Location- Northern India, Flows from glaciers in the Himalayas. India gets it's name from Indus. Primary source of cotton around the world. 30% of cotton is from here.
737 billion gallons of water used for cotton.
700 million people in Pakistan and India use the river for drinking water.
Water is also used for agriculture. When it floods it leaves rich sediments in the ground, great for farming. The Indus Valley Civilization (Sindhu Sarasvati) settled here about 5,ooo years ago. The water made the land fertile for growing crops and made it a good place to hunt for animals. This civilization was so successful it was bigger than today's Pakistan. This river was also used for religious ceremonies because it was so great for their economy. Conflicts over Indus River The Ganges River The Ganges is the longest river in India, and second largest by the amount of water in it to the Amazon River.
It's the most heavily populated river basin in the world, with 400+ million people living there. There's 1,000 people/sq. mi.
Its source is in the Himalayas, and it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It also goes across Bangladesh.
It's the most sacred river for Hindus in India.
It's very polluted, with people bathing and washing. The Holi Festival It's also known as the Festival of Colors. People celebrate by giving thanks for a good harvest. People toss colorful powders and water on everybody, and have bonfires, dances, plays, and songs. It is also to celebrate the story from Hindu religion, when King Prahlad defeats his evil aunt Holika that tries to kill him. People make mean models of her and burn them. It's celebrated at ends of winters. (2012=3-8; 2013=3-27) The Ganges (again!) (how humans use it) 450 million people (that means over 30 cities, 70 towns, and thousands of villages!!!) live on its banks and depend on it for its water for daily life (washing, drinking, etc.)
People use it for agriculture (with 2 canals, the Upper and Lower Ganga Canal, with irrigation) Irrigates 40% of India's land!!!
Tourists come to it as a major attraction
People have used it as transportation by boats since ancient times
VERY IMPORTANT RELIGIOUS RIVER: not only thought of as a river, but also a goddess. When people wash in it, it's supposed to cleanse the person of their sins, and is supposed to free one's soul when they die. People close to dying go there and drink water from there and ashes of dead people get put there. (physical features) Drinking source for many, however highly polluted. and a large part of it is in Pakistan. Some Hindus consider sacred. Pakistan and India both look at the Indus River as a big part of their economy so it makes sense that they fight over it all the time. This argument increases even more when the river isn't flowing as well. In the 1960s there was an agreement called the Indus Waters Treaty that stated that the two countries would equally use the resources. Indian Wedding Most common kind is Hindu. There are three parts of a Hindu Marriage, the prewedding rituals, the wedding rituals, and the postwedding rituals. Prewedding Rituals This is when engagement occurs and the couple exchanges rings. After this is the Tilak ceremony. During this, the brothers give the groom a mark of status (Tilak) and gives him gifts. After that both sides of the family exchange gifts in the Sagai ceremony.Once this is done, both sides of the family dance in the Sangeet ceremony to show happiness for the young couple. Finally, the Mehndi ceremony is performed. The Mehndi ceremony is when a temporary henna (Mehndi)is placed on the brides hands and feet. The color shows how much the husband loves her. Civilzations that used the river Wedding Rituals The first ceremony is called the Jaimala ceremony. This is when the bride and the groom exchange flowers to show their love. After this the father gives his daughter away in the Kanyadaan ritual. This is to show that he is letting his daughter marry someone that will love her. Next, the groom and the bride walk around a sacred fire three times for prosperity, and take seven vows promising that they'll be together for the rest of their lives. Finally, the groom puts a black and gold beaded necklace with a diamond pendant on his wife to show that she is married. She will wear that for the rest of her life. Post Wedding The first part of the post wedding ritual is where the newly wedded wife leaves her parent's house and goes to the grooms. Right before she leaves, she throws three handfuls of rice, and coins back into the house to show that she is repaying her parents for raising her. This is called the Vidai ceremony. When she arrives at the grooms house there is a bowl full of rice by the door. The bride is asked to hit it. Once she has done that she dips her feet into red paint and enters the house with footprints. To make the bride feel good, the entire family plays games and gets to know each other. Cricket is said to have the longest history of any other team sport. There are11 players on a team. At the center of the field is a rectangle 22-yards long where the ball made out of cork string and leather is pitched. Indus Water Treaty Location: Agra, India
Built by Mughal emperor Shah Jananan, for his wife Mumtag Mahal in 1653. Construction began in 1631 and about 20,000 people worked on it in total. The master architect was Usted Isa. Story behind Taj Mahal. The Himalayan range is home to some of the planet's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest. The Himalayas covers the entire northern part of India. the word Himalayas meaning “Abode of Snow. The Himalayas are so high that at 2,00,00 feet most people cant breath. Taj Mahal Shah Janan had many wives, but he loved Mumtaj Mahal the most. He took her everywhere with him, but one day when they were off at a military campaign she died. She had her husband make four promises to her including him to build the Taj Mahal, he remarries, that he treats her children well, and he visits her tomb often. Dimensions The Taj Mahal rests on a raised octagon looking out to the Yumana River. The dome at the top is fifty eight feet in diameter and two hundred and thirteen feet high.Also, there are four slender towers surrounding the outside that are each 162.5 feet high. It is primarily made of shiny white marble that turns pink in the morning, but stays white in the afternoon. Rules and Equipment Ball
.Hard, cork and string ball, covered with leather Cricket Bat:
Blade made of willow, flat on one side, humped on the other for strength, attached to a sturdy cane handle Wickets:
There are two wickets - wooden structures made up of a set of three stumps topped by a pair of bails stumps
Three wooden posts, 25 millimeters Protective Gear
Pads, gloves, helmet, etc for batsmen to wear to prevent injury when struck by the ball.
Shoes Holy book the holy book tell tails of hinduism.In fact they gave Hinduism the name vaidika dharma. it also represents the Hindu religion and culture
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